Demographics of Russia: prepyadstviya and solutions

Demographics of Russia: problems and solutions

According to recent statistics, over the past 20 years, Russian Federation has lost 22.5 million ethnic Russian. This figure exceeds twice the population of Moscow. Loomed in the nineties of the influx of the Russian population of the states of the CIS prepyadstviya not decided fracture demographics did not work, and the depopulation of the Russian people lasts to this day. Apart from this, the number of Russians traveling abroad for permanent residence of the Russian Federation continues to be significant. With all of this leave the most competent young people who do not consider likely to benefit homeland for no real or for ideological judgments. In particular, the June statistics woefully looks polls, according to which to go over the limit on permanent ready every fifth (!) Russian (21%). The only positive thing connected with overcoming the outlined depopulation was the data "FinExpertiza", according to which the number of arrivals in Russia still exceeded the number of those who left at 1.381 million. With all this power does not tire of talking about the fact that the birth rate in Russia though not by much, but exceeded death, and some progress in overcoming the demographic crisis has already started.

Generalized averages, of course, they say the beginning of the state to overcome the so-called "demographic cross." But it is the case that at the time we talk about the average temperature in the clinic. These numbers are insignificant so that there can read about how much of any major success in overcoming prepyadstviya depopulation. In addition, the number of fertility vary greatly from region to region, and this difference is not too far in favor of the regions dominated by the Russian population.

Despite the significance of the difficulties of reproduction is not the least attention should be paid rassredotachivaniya population areas of the country, also hitch huge distortions in the structure of internal movement. The trend toward extinction Russian province not only outlined, and shown clearly. Out-migration of a number of regions of the Russian Federation Central, Northwest and Volga has long acquired a mass character stable, and depressed areas of the Far East, and not have to read — from many villages Fri population moved out of the region at one hundred percent, though the Russian Federation and Central extinct villages also enough. Typically Russian regions continue to die out quickly, with all this population these regions intensively replaced by newcomers.

Hitch uncontrolled movement and demographic crisis — the two sides of the same coin: the place of dying or to travel to metropolitan areas and outside of the Russian population migrants come. It's part of the natural process of substitution. According to estimates of professionals, for example, the director of the Institute for Demographic Research works by Igor Beloborodova, 2030 hitch retention areas of the country in its present borders will become vital in nature, and, while retaining the existing population trends, by 2050 population decreased almost doubled — up to 80 million people! In this case, save the country, we can not impartially. In particular, this picture is joyless at the increasing trend towards separatism and the impending growth of impermanence around the perimeter of the Russian Federation borders.

So Makar, retention areas of the Russian Federation in its present borders asks fundamental changes in the field of migration policy. Need deepest structure adjustment of the inside of movement, the creation of the current system of preferences for those wishing to settle in "exit" and endangered regions.

And most importantly, the state needs to honestly and openly admit that the solution of current demographic problems are not just problematic, and quite indescribable without the role of the Russian citizens abroad. To stimulate the relocation Russian citizens in the country The program acts to promote their resettlement to the Russian Volunteer. Certainly, the introduction of the applets is a very important step in overcoming the demographic problems and support fellow citizens abroad, which has long been overdue. Participants in programs from thousands of families have become citizens of the CIS and even distant countries. Many of them perfectly settled on a brand new place, got jobs, got housing. But for all the positive measures taken, their name is unrealistic sufficient. Those wishing to take part in the program is not quite so small as expected. With all of this Russian people not wanting to deal with the red tape associated with the paperwork for a role in the program, leaving the CIS in Russia "self-driving" does not become smaller, but the receiving Russian citizenship has become for them a true discrepancy. Medvedev Decree of the earlier registration procedure for obtaining citizenship replaced permissive. Russian citizens have the desired RF to overcome the demographic crisis and the development of regions, enjoy the same rights as the citizens of Africa, and are obliged to wait for citizenship for years, going through the procedures for obtaining a residence permit and a residence permit. The introduction of a new procedure for obtaining citizenship without interests of Russian citizens — a catchy sign of the Kremlin's policy inconsistency in their attitude.

It's no secret that the greatest flow of Russian immigrants there from Kazakhstan. Russian migratory reserves in Kazakhstan on a number of impartial circumstances remains the highest. The Russian population Kazakhstan traveling to Russia could substantially correct number of Russian demography in the best possible way. But all is not completely accurate. If the current trend with the departure of the Slavic population of Kazakhstan and its imminent replacement of alien populations that have less in common with the Russian-Soviet legacy continues, despite the integration breakthroughs shortly, Russian Federation may just lose its position in the region. We must not forget that the Kazakh border — one of the longest borders of the Russian Federation. How the situation will develop in this important direction for Russia, which is not an exaggeration to call the relevant principle in the case of the final ending of the Slavic population of Kazakhstan, anticipate unrealistic.

As it paradoxically, to overcome the demographic crisis and the problems of migration in modern conditions of the Russian Federation fully could have done without specific stimulation or the limitation of mass displacement. It is only necessary to simplify the procedure for obtaining Russian citizenship for all Russian citizens. Early adoption of such measures actually needed — it is a matter of survival of the Russian state and its development on a brand new level. Very simplistic adoption of citizenship will free millions of Russian citizens, first in Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan, making the migration exchange with these countries is very flexible and multi-directional. Such a measure is not contrary to the spirit of the Eurasian integration and the prospects of our complete unification.

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