Even if Russia — one of the leading states in the arms market — are often blamed for the use of another Russian developments, what did we talk about Georgia? Indeed, almost all of the elements of the Georgian defense went to Tbilisi due to the disintegration of the Union of Russian. Well, then, Georgia had not so many companies. The most famous — the Tbilisi aircraft plant. Another big company to run across Georgia only in 2005. This is the 142nd tank repair plant. The other 26 organizations that were employed in the Russian defense industry and placed on areas of Georgia, are the traditional "subcontractors". These were the companies and research institutions that are not able to independently produce armaments and equipment in much-or the applicable amount. In addition, there Kutaisi Automobile Plant, which is not the first year pinned great hopes. Previously, he had tried to participate in contests to create tracked and wheeled chassis for military use, but some success in this is not headed for. Separately, it should be noted that at the time of production of the Georgian Russian companies did not use a special reverence. So often "users" lamented the poor quality of assembly of aircraft and trucks "Colchis" a few decades back have earned a very bad reputation.
Since independence, Georgia has received a lot of problems territorial and military nature. Samples of Abkhazia and South Ossetia are independent states claimed to be from Tbilisi any steps towards the improvement of military capabilities. Purchasing a gun abroad did not allow the financial situation in the country. The output seemed normal — to make your creation. To this end, in 1993 was created SEC "Delta". In the first time from the "Delta" was required to issue comparable to conventional types of infantry and artillery weapons. This fact at one time was a prerequisite for enjoying popular version states that deploy their own creation Georgia CONTRIBUTE remaining from the Soviet Union mobilization documentation. The fact is that in all the Union defense companies have a specific package of technical documents that could provide a frisky deployment of the production of military purpose. Apparently, Georgia enjoyed these documents.
In favor of the version of the mobilization documentation says that in the middle of the 90 "Delta" presented a whole family of 82-mm, 120-mm and 60-mm mortars. As is clear from open sources, proper paper specifically for these types of weapons remained in Georgia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Need to see the Georgians did not manage to start a large-scale creation of these mortars. There have been several small parties 82mm "lite" mortar. He was suspiciously similar to the Russian 2B14 "tray", although different barrel minimum length. Soon after the story with the new-old mortars in the "Delta" developed a 60-mm silent type of the same class. At the time of his much touted, but some of the subject has not received. In a similar way over and most of the projects in the field of small guns. Over the years, the Georgians tried to issue sub-machine gun Iveria, very reminiscent of the standard PPP in 1943. Other Georgian project with a submachine gun rises to the AKS-74U. Not once appeared, and other standards of their small guns (?) Development. Either way, neither one of them is not able to reach a large series. With the least complicated product Georgian defense industry sovladevaet better — produced ammunition, hand grenades, mortars, etc.
Also in Georgia tried to continue creation aircraft. Shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union at the Tbilisi aircraft plant began to create a reserve for the production of upgraded Su-25T. In addition, the initial Su-25 had already been sufficiently mastered. Yet, the vast majority of components and assemblies have been reported in the basin of companies located throughout the Russian Union. Who had in store devices is not allowed to continue to develop aircraft in the right quantity. I had to find help on the side. In 2001 was built prototype of the Su-25KM Scorpion. 1st Georgian modernization "Rook" was held in conjunction with the Israeli company Elbit Systems. Was also able to make their own training ground attack version with the title of the Su-25U. All the same, the total number of Su-25, made up of "War 3 eights", does not exceed 3 x 10 s. Approximately fifth of them were sold for export, while others remained in Georgia.
The absence of the usual domestic production of arms and military equipment in its time was one of the reasons that Tbilisi was massively buy equipment abroad. As for their own companies, they are in the main engaged in repair and modernization of existing equipment. For example, the 142nd tank repair plant since 2007, along with all the same "Elbit Systems" carries out the repair of the T-72 with a simultaneous re-equipment in accordance with the project T-72-SIM-I. Electronics brand new tanks for all this comes from Israel.
But after the events of August 2008, Georgia was in fact in the criteria of the embargo. Despite the lack of real documents to that effect, the vast majority of states and arms manufacturers have refused to cooperate further with Tbilisi. The lack of any prospects for new supply, coupled with bolshennymi losses in technology during the war itself forced to return to Georgian control the
development of their defense. In this case, the development of its own. All this resulted in a 2-main ways of development. In-1's, all the money that was previously scheduled to zabugornom firms for new weapons were redirected to their companies. In 2-x whole Georgia's defense has been significantly altered. Thus, the SEC "Delta" in 2010 almost became a leading defense enterprises across the country. In the direct supervision of "Delta" were transferred to the Tbilisi aircraft plant, tank repair plant Tbilisi, Kutaisi Machine Works, a number of scientific research institute of the defense mission.
First year the existence of the new system was not marked by any achievements. It is understandable — at first it was necessary to debug communications and hold a series of works. But at the end of May 2011 for the first time presented armored Didgori. For some unknown reason Georgians call these armored armored personnel carriers. Little later it became clear that until May, the month it was released 30 of these machines. It should be seen, armored cars "Didgori" are not one hundred percent of Georgian design. For example, the chassis is a car befitting part of Ford F-series, and almost all electronics, including a remote control tool is likely to have Israeli origin. In a similar way it is with weapons. Various versions are equipped with machine guns Didgori NSV-12, 7 Russian development and South American M134. It turns out that in Georgia "Didgori" body only. According to the available disk imaging, it has a second-level protection against standards STANAG 4569. As a trial balloon armored Didgori look completely good design. But the introduction of imported chassis and tools can significantly destroying all memory. What is called, in totality of characteristics, "Didgori" looks ordinary representative of the class of armored vehicles, which are collected from poverty in almost all the countries of the Third World.
In February 2012, it became clear after the development of the infantry fighting vehicle Lazika. Again, brand new machine has the appropriate "old" features. In "Lasik" immediately identified the revised BMP-1 or BMP-2 Russian production. Again began playfully mocking discussion, and the Georgian administration, meanwhile misspoke about his own plans for the creation of the latest batch of BMP and some zabugornom customer. It was mentioned that this "someone" is not only knowledgeable with Lazika, and even expressed his enthusiasm for it. Based on the available features of the latest fighting vehicle, it is unlikely it will be any large and well-developed country. If there is a possible customer and, most of all, it is a small third world country, which needs to replace an old technique to date.
The smallness of the latest SEC "Delta" presented "new multiple rocket launchers." And again, as before, in the form of modern technology shows something familiar. On armored KrAZ-6322 with extended cab was installed 40-barrel launcher MLRS BM-21 "Grad". Taking into account the age of the initial "components", you can imagine for themselves fighting the prospects of such a system. But the Georgian side insists on the development of our own, and adds the argument range of up to 40 km. The general condition of the Georgian military-industrial complex was the prerequisite for zabugornom guesses about the origin of the missiles. As a "suspect" is considered Turkey.
Even more fascinating story came out in April of this year. 10 numbers in the SEC "Delta" Saakashvili arrived. He was invited to test a new unmanned aerial vehicle. According to its features is the light commercial vehicles UAV, created for her intelligence and similar tasks. The absence of prominent characteristics of the product did not prevent the Georgian president to declare him an advantage of over zabugornom counterparts, including Russian. Russian officials have not responded to these words. But the general public has once again conducted a "recognition" and found in the newest development of the Georgian drone has long been recognized SWAN-205 production Estonian company Eli Military Simulation. As it turned out, the creation thereof, for Georgian factory — just a consequence of purchase of the license at the ready. Maybe Georgian engineers thoroughly examine acquired SWAN-205 and make it the basis for something different. But this is not present and, most likely, not even the future of the day. And meanwhile, calls Saakashvili licensed technology and its quite unparalleled. Curiously, an unmanned aerial vehicle SWAN-205 was first presented in 2006. Then this UAV participated in the competition of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. In the end, a vehicle designed to Eli Military Simulation, could not overcome. According to the available disk imaging, Estonian military did not accept the fact that SWAN-205 does not correspond to many Fri competition brief.
The next day after the "incident" with the drone Georgian President again visited the SEC "Delta". Now he showed infantry weapons. It was the 82-mm mortars and 120 mm, the Georgian copy of Russian / Russian grenade launchers and anti-tank grenade launcher RPG-7, a number of ammunition for all of these types of weapons. Saakashvili has again failed to resist the loud statements and was read to start producing its own anti-tank weapons. Judging by what he saw, he meant the RPG-7. Naturally, this tool extensively used in the world, especially his love in the Arab countries, but is unlikely to specifically rocket launcher RPG-7 can be called a thoroughly modern system. And the substitution of wood parts polyamide here completely solves nothing. Is that a grenade began to look a little "trendy". Only the enemy tank crews completely does not matter what details on a grenade. Also on April 11 was demonstrated by some automatic rifle. Outside, it is very reminiscent German Heckler & Koch HK416. But some disk imaging i
t was provided. Apparently, Georgia is trying to agree on the establishment of a regular license.
As we see, today's statement by the President of Georgia, the Georgian Defense Products Advantages over zabugornom counterparts are less than the embodiment of the proverb about snipe and marsh. Still, Saakashvili at the present time makes everything possible to raise the defense of their country. While we can not make reliable guesses about the prospects of the Georgian defense. At the same time, given the logistics of Georgia, raw ability, economic conditions, etc. You can keep proper reasoning. It is unlikely in the coming 5-10 years, Georgia will be able to become a leading country in the region in military nuance. Most likely, during this time she only has time to build up its own defense capabilities and master the necessary technology. Around this same time, should be treated and the emergence of the first types of weapons, truly independent development. Of course, it would not, for example, aviation technology, but the release of their own small tools, even if not able to compete with zabugornom obviously does not hurt the entire industry. So Georgia is fully afford to build a military-industrial complex that is appropriate for the challenges facing the state. The main thing — do not get involved in praise of their products and pay more attention to the actual development and not PR.
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