How old is mankind? Modern scholars tend to put the number at 40 000 years — from the very dawn of Cro-Magnon man. This is — the standard time period, allowed human history in teaching, research and reference books. But there are other numbers do not fit perfectly into the framework of officialdom. 400,000 years — the date is calculated by the ancient historians — Chaldean, Egyptian, Greek, and — as projected for Russia Lomonosov. "(Actually, in the scale of events in world history, there is another, clearly fixed date which is unable to accommodate the imagination of modern humans: the scrupulous calculations of astronomers and priests of ancient Mayan history of mankind began to 5,041,738 BCE!)
Literally ethnonym Hyperboreans means "those who live at the Boreas (the North Wind)", or simply — "those who live in the North." Report them many ancient writers. One of the most respected scholars of the ancient world — Pliny the Elder wrote about the Hyperboreans as a real ancient people who lived near the Arctic Circle, and genetically related to the ancient Greeks through the cult of Apollo the Hyperborean. That's what literally says "Natural History» (IV, 26):
"For these [Rhipaean] mountains, on the other side of Aquilonia, happy people (if you can believe it) called Hyperboreans, reaching very old age and glorified wonderful legends. They believe that there are loops of the world and the extreme limits of handling bodies. The sun is shining there for six months, and this is just one day, when the sun is hidden (as that'd ignorant) of the vernal equinox to the autumn, stars back there only once a year at the summer solstice, and come only with winter. This country is all in the sun, with the soothing climate and is devoid of any harmful winds. Homes for these residents are groves, forests, the cult of the gods handle individuals and society as a whole, there are unknown and all the contentions of the disease. Death comes there only on satiety life. You can not doubt the existence of this nation. "
Even from this small fragment of the "Natural History" is easy to gain a clear idea of Hyperborea. The first — and most important — it was placed where the sun can not come for several months. In other words, we can speak only of the polar regions, the ones that were called in Russian folklore Sunflower empire. Another important point: the climate in Northern Eurasia at that time was very different. This is confirmed by the latest comprehensive study conducted recently in the north of Scotland on the international program: they showed that, even 4000 years ago the climate at a given latitude was comparable to the Mediterranean, and there vodilos large number of heat-loving animals. However, even before the Russian oceanographers and paleontologists have found that in the 30-15 millennium BC Arctic climate was quite soft, and the Arctic Ocean was warm, despite the presence of glaciers on the continent. Around the same conclusions and chronological framework came the American and Canadian scientists. According to them, during the Wisconsin glaciation in the center of the Arctic Ocean there was a zone of temperate climate favorable to such flora and fauna that could not exist in the polar and subpolar North America.
Main confirmation of the undeniable fact of favorable climatic situation are the annual bird migration to the North — a genetically programmed memory of a warm land of origin. Indirect evidence for the existence in the northern latitudes of the ancient advanced civilization can serve around here are massive stone structures and other megalithic monuments (the famous cromlech Stonehenge in England, the mall frantsuzsskoy menhirs in Brittany, Solovki stone labyrinths and the Kola Peninsula).
Save Map G.Merkatora — the most famous cartographer of all time, based on some ancient knowledge where Hyperborea displayed in a huge arctic continent with highest mountain (Meru) in the middle.
Despite the poor data historians, the ancient world possessed of no small importance, and extensive knowledge of the details of life and customs of the Hyperboreans. And all because the roots long and close ties with them go to the ancient civilization commonality praindoevropeyskoy naturally connected with the Arctic Circle and the "world's end" — the northern shoreline and ancient Eurasian mainland and island culture. Here, as Aeschylus wrote: "On the edge of the world", "in a desolate wilderness wild Scythians" — on the orders of Zeus, was chained to a rock rebellious Prometheus: contrary to the prohibition of the gods, he gave people fire, discovered the secret of the stars, and the stars, to learn the art of addition letters, farming and sailing. But the land where dragon-kite languished tormented Prometheus, as long as it has not freed Heracles (received for this epithet Hyperborean) — has not always been so desolate and homeless. Everything looked different when a little earlier here on the edge of the known world, the Hyperboreans came the famous hero of antiquity — Perseus to fight with the Gorgon Medusa and get this magical winged sandals, for which he also was named the Hyperborean.
Apparently, a reason many ancient authors, including the largest ancient historians, strongly suggest Hyperborean flying abilities, that is, possession of equipment flight. Such, however, is not without irony to describe more Lucian. Can there be such — that the ancient inhabitants of the Arctic owned aeronautics technology? And why not? Preserved because of possible images in a variety of aircraft — like balloons — of Lake Onega petroglyphs
Archaeologists never ceases to amaze the abundance of so-called "winged objects" are constantly being found in Eskimo graves and attributed to the most remote times history of the Arctic.
Here it is another symbol of Hyperborea! Made of ivory (from their remarkable preservation), these outstretched wings that do not fit into any directories themselves suggest the ancient flying devices. Subsequently, these characters, handed down from generation to generation, have spread throughout the world and were fixed in almost all ancient cultures: Egyptian, Assyrian, Hittite, Persian, Aztec, Mayan, and so — to Polynesia.
There is no doubt that the ancient Hyperborea is directly related to the ancient history of Russia and the Russian people and their language is directly related to the lost or dissolved in the depths of the ocean and the land of the legendary country of the Hyperboreans. Not for nothing because Nostradamus in his "Centuries" Russians referred to as "people of the Hyperborean." Refrain Russian fairy tales about Sunflower empire, which is located far away — as are the memories of age-old times, when our ancestors were in contact with the Hyperboreans themselves were Hyperboreans. There are more detailed descriptions of the Sunflower empire. Thus, in the epic tale of the collection-P.N.Rybnikova tells how the hero on a flying wooden eagle (a reference to all of the same flying Hyperboreans) flew in Sunflower kingdom:
He arrived in the kingdom in the sun,
Gets off the Eagle aircraft
And he began to drop in the kingdom,
SUNFLOWER by pogulivat.
In this realm of Sunflower
Melted tower — gold tops,
The terms of the towers was white yard
About tyh gate of the twelve,
About tyh keeper on strong …
But Sunflower empire is legendary and contemporary exact geographical address. One of the oldest Indo-European names of the Sun — Colo (hence the "ring" and "wheel" and "bell"). In ancient times, it corresponded to the pagan solar deity Colo Kolyada, after which coped holiday caroling (the day of the winter solstice, the sun) and the archaic ritual songs were sung — Christmas carols, bearing the imprint of the ancient world kosmistskogo:
… Has three towers zlatoverhovye;
During the first and then the bright young alike teremu month
In the second, then red teremu solnushko,
In the third, then teremu frequent stars.
Bright young alike month — that our host.
Solnushko red — the hostess,
Frequent stars — small detushki.
That's the name of the ancient Solntseboga Colo Carols and there was a name of the Kola River and all of the Kola Peninsula.
On the cultural antiquity Soloveyskoy (Kola) of land are available here indicate stone labyrinths (up to 5 m), such as those that are scattered throughout the Russian and European migrations from the north to the Cretan-Mycenaean (the famous labyrinth of the Minotaur), ancient Greek and other world cultures.
Offered many explanations concerning predestination Solovetsky stone spirals: tombs, altars, models of fishing traps. Last time: Labyrinth — models of antennas for communication with extraterrestrial civilizations or parallel. Closest to the true explanation of the meaning and purpose of Russian northern labyrinths made known in the past domestic science historian D.O.Svyatsky. In his view, the moves of the maze, forcing the traveler a long time in vain to find a way, and finally, after all outputs it out, are nothing like the sun walk symbolization during polar night, the semi-annual and semi-annual day in circles, or rather on the large spiral projected on the dome of heaven. In cult maze probably arranged the procession to symbolize the walk the sun. Russian northern labyrinths not only served to walk in them, but also acted as a circuit and a reminder to conduct magical dances.
Northern labyrinths characterized by the fact that close to them are hills (pyramid) of stones. Especially numerous in Russian Lapland, where their culture intersects with traditional Sami sanctuaries — Sejdiu. Like the Lovozero Tundra, they are found throughout the world and, along with the classical Egyptian and Indian pyramids and mounds are symbols of bulk-reminders of polar Ancestral and universal Mount Meru, located at the North Pole. It is surprising that even spiral-preserved stone labyrinths and pyramids in the Russian North. Until recently, they were of little interest, and the key to unlocking a prisoner in their secret meaning was lost.
More than 10 stone labyrinths found to date on the Kola Peninsula, mostly on the coast. Most who have written about the Russian labyrinth rejects the possibility of a rapprochement with the Cretan megaliths: Cretans, they say, could not attend the Kola Peninsula, as they would need a few years to the Atlantic Ocean around Scandinavia reach the Barents Sea, while Odysseus is known, reached Ithaca to not less than 10 years. Meanwhile, there is nothing stopping the spread of mazes present in the reverse order — not from the South to the North, and vice versa — from North to South. Indeed, the Cretans themselves — the creators of Aegean civilization hardly visited the Kola Peninsula, but it is not completely ruled out, since it was part of the zone of Hyperborea, which had regular contact with the Mediterranean. But the ancestors of the Cretans and Aegeans probably lived in northern Europe, including the Kola Peninsula, where the left has survived to this day traces, mazes, transforms all future installations of this kind. Route "from the Varangians to the Greeks" was laid not on the verge of I and II millennium BC, not long linking Scandinavia, Russia and Byzantium. It has existed for centuries, acting natural migration bridge between North and South.
And went on a "bridge" to each other ancestors of modern nations — each in its time, each in its own direction. And induce them to unprecedented climate katostrofy associated with cold snap and the resulting displacement of the Earth's axis, and therefore the poles.