Today, some milk producers can be stored for several months. How is this possible? There is no life should not go? Exactly! This is not the milk, but just white liquid with unknown contents to us …
Tetracycline — a good thing: the addition to it of such antibiotics in food increases the period of storage, and the rich fodder for their animals and birds stimulates growth. Apparently, so the CPS has introduced standards for levels of tetracycline in food at the 100 mg / kg. This is 10 times greater than Soviet standards. One bad — tetracycline is harmful to health, and its use for medical purposes, even now limited (harmful to health all medications! You have to understand that what kill living organisms, such as viruses, can only poison Read more about this in the book Academician NV Levashova "Last call to humanity." — Ed.).
"According to research conducted in Russia, proposed allowable residues of tetracyclines in food at a level of 100 mg / kg. This level is justified, as a safe, does not lead to an increased risk of developing diseases associated with residual amounts of tetracycline in food, including among the most sensitive populations of the population, "- said in a statement Epidemiology.
Tetracycline — the cheapest and one of the most dangerous antibiotic with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity. According to the instructions for use, tetracycline can cause gastritis, proctitis, not to mention the decrease in appetite. Tetracycline and other drugs of this series can improve the skin's sensitivity to the action of sunlight (photosensitivity). Recently, due to the prevalence tetratsiklinoustoychivyh strains of microorganisms and common adverse events, use of tetracycline for medical purposes has been limited.
Long-term use in food products containing residues of antibiotics can cause adverse health effects — allergic reactions, goiter, education and transmission of drug resistant microbes. According to the guidelines, approved USSR Ministry of Health in 1984, the maximum daily intake of antibiotics into the human body with no food should be within their sensitivity (for tetracycline, penicillin — is 0.01 units per gram of product, or 10 mg / kg) .
Revision of the rules associated with the entry of Russia into the WTO. Our sanitary standards (in Soviet times) were more stringent than the requirements of the WTO. However, in the last ten years there is a systematic work on their "correct". For example, for food have already abolished the mandatory certification. Get quite officially a declaration of conformity with the requirements of products can be in the hundreds of private firms for 2 thousand rubles. for hours without confirmatory assays.
The Russian technical regulations on milk, adopted in 2008, there was a ban on the content of antibiotics in milk and milk products. However, in the 2010 technical regulations "finalized." Second reading deputies Denisov, Khairulin, elm, Itkulov, Nefedov, Tsvetova, Taranin and Starodubsev spent amendment authorizing the presence of antibiotics in milk products, including those intended for baby food. Of those in the new Duma deputies were only Khairulin of the "United Russia" and Taranin of the Communist Party.
Thanks to them, penicillin, tetracycline, streptomycin and chloramphenicol can be found almost in all dairy products sold in the country. And, once all antibiotics in a cocktail. Technical regulations established by the maximum threshold and the content of these antibiotics in milk and meat products taken from the very Soviet guidelines in 1984. But the lowlands, for example, and other antibiotics can "pour" as much as you want — not regulated.
Food manufacturers and retail sales profitably sell products storage. Furthermore, antibiotics are good growth stimulants for animals and birds (gain is increased to 30%). One problem — in our body too, live microorganisms that are responsible for digestion. Like milk with a shelf life 6 months can normally "digest" in the stomach for 3-5 hours?
However, the CPS is ready to "digest" of tetracycline and 10 times more. And all gladly recommend. Apparently, over the last 30 years, our fellow citizens have come a long way of evolution. Maybe we have the dependence on antibiotics. And the former dose is not enough. The more so that the total weight of the population due to tetracycline, is also growing.
But that is not all! The government has prepared for introduction of a bill, according to which from 1 July 2013 to 1 July 2018 suspends technical regulations on milk and dairy products to oil and fat products, as well as juice products from fruits and vegetables. So "the most susceptible populations of the population" can prepare for the new record consumption of tetracycline.
If so, let's play in the open. Information about the content of preservatives, antibiotics, pesticides, and other things should be included in the list of mandatory information distributed on the packaging to consumers. Today, information requirements, which must be accompanied by food products prescribed by law for the protection of consumers' rights do not include information about antibiotics. Honestly write how much stuff ponabuhano in eggs, meat, chicken, milk, curds, kefir, fermented baked milk, and we — the consumers — do look at what we buy and what not.
Author — Paul Shapkin, chairman of the National Union for the Protection of Consumer Rights
Location antibiotics in milk?
Interview with dairy technology department of the company «Chr. Hansen »Tatyana Kulikova
"Drink, kids, milk!" Familiar words, truisms. Milk is good for children — dairy food, because "those who drink milk — will jump high." And what mother does not want her child leapt high? Only odious mother viper … So, I'm not. I want to have my beloved chadushek was the best. Hence the question: what dairy products are the best? And they can be better?
Look in the window srednemoskovskogo grocery store. From choosing the eyes diverge: different brands, different packaging, different prices. Is it better, worse — very little to understand. And then there it was reported that milk may contain antibiotics. How, why, where? To deal with these issues can only be a specialist. So let us turn to dairy technology department of the company «Chr. Hansen »(« Chr. Hansen "), Tatyana Kulikova with questions about the seemingly most simple product — milk.
Eugene University. Welcome Tatiana. Shops offer us a lot of different brands of milk. The issue of advertising: are they all created equal? And in general, can be unprofitable dairy products?
Tatyana Kulikova. If we talk about the dairy industry in general, here the situation is better than in the meat industry, because meat and soy products are added, and the various alternatives and … in general, only that there is not. And the milk — it is a natural product, it is possible to be sure. The factories milk comes directly from the farms. Major dairy producers compete with each other for the milk. After all, they do not have enough milk. Everyone knows that in our agriculture confusion and vacillation. And now, with a shortage of the product directly "from the cow", the company has to not to stop, to use as a raw material and powdered milk.
Eugene University. And where does the milk powder? This natural product, or it can be called a substitute for?
Tatyana Kulikova. In summer, cows are fed with fresh grass, but then there are hotels. Milk production in this period is very much formed its surplus. And businesses can not keep up this process the milk on dairy products, on the cheese. Therefore, enterprises in special dryers cook their raw materials for the future — in the winter to work on it.
Businesses mainly use domestic milk is also quite a lot of it comes from Belarus. I'm talking about the dry milk. It is not very expensive, but a good quality. Also, bring the milk and Ukraine. From some other countries, milk comes rarely, because the price is high.
You've probably heard that recently began intensively consume milk China. There's a program for the active introduction into the diet of dairy products. In this regard, the world price of milk rose sharply, and, of course, and this is reflected in our market — the last time prices rose significantly for dairy products.
Eugene University. Yes, prices have gone up over the summer, that's for sure.
Tatyana Kulikova. Indeed, some dairy products by thirty percent. And the reason — the lack of milk powder and … China that buys milk worldwide. Remember the old anecdote — hunger in the world will come when the Chinese start eating spoons. That's all any problem after the Chinese realized that the milk — a product useful and necessary it is.
Eugene University. You say that we purchase milk. Many stores sell "real" dairy products, of the same Belarus. How are they to us carry?
Tatyana Kulikova. Any means of transport (air and road). Come quickly enough. In general, with good quality of raw milk, the usual pasteurization gives relatively long shelf life — up to 5 days. Belarus has made a lot of emphasis on agriculture, large subsidies are allocated, so now they have a very high quality milk. In general, dairy products from Belarus are very high quality, I speak as an expert. Thus they do not add any substitutes.
Now there is a tendency to add vegetable fat dairy products. Especially in the curd products. This is done to reduce costs. Add the coconut oil, palm oil, and the product is cheaper for the manufacturer, than, say, the one which is added to increase the fat content of the cream. While we can not say — good or bad. The issue before the end not even investigated. Therefore, the consumer must decide whether or not to use such products. But the problem is that the manufacturers do not inform the consumer that the product is added to vegetable oil.
Eugene University. But it's against the law!
Tatyana Kulikova. Yes! It is against the law not to specify a complete and reliable information on the composition of the product. And now this is followed and there are cases of litigation.
Eugene University. But I've seen, for example, the packages are in the curds were and vegetable fats.
Tatyana Kulikova. On the curds most often quoted. And, for example, on a regular cottage cheese usually not indicated. Or is this cottage cheese curd mass produce, pasta, where the recipe has not laid any vegetable fats. In fact, it turns out a good product, but the consumer is clearly misleading. This means that violated federal law. In the ice cream every now and vegetable fats.
Furthermore, the spreads. This is the so-called light oils, which, according to the advertisement, less cholesterol and a lot of useful things. In the west — yes, because there spread — is a mixture of butter and olive oil, two very high-quality product. We — it's butter and coconut. And it's completely different. And so "they" spreads — a high quality product, healthy, and we have … In general, I do not eat them. At the melting point of cocoa butter is very high (above the temperature of the human body), so I highly doubt its usefulness at all.
Eugene University. I've heard that the dairy industry has a problem of antibiotics, which are found in milk. Please tell us about it.
Tatyana Kulikova. Where did antibiotics in milk? Cows treated, and there's no getting around it. Also makes prevention of animal diseases. And used for these purposes in milk formulations. According to sanitary rules milk from cows treated for 5-10 days (depending on the applied drug) should simply merge. People can not eat it! After all, this is absolutely not the needed antibiotics. Getting into our bodies, they make our microflora refractory (resistant) to this type of antibiotic. Sometimes these antibiotics can be so many that they can just ruin our microflora. The problem starts: allergies, goiter … In general, it should be disposed of milk.
But in general, a lack of milk, when the major manufacturers are buying literally everything, farmers simply diluted with milk from normal cows milk with antibiotics. Yes, the concentration was less, but the antibiotics have not gone away. Fortunately for the consumer of milk with antibiotics can not be manufactured dairy products. Microorganisms used in sour-milk production is very sensitive to antibiotics. So, in a fermented milk product of antibiotics can not be!
Eugene University. Parents concerned primarily baby food. After porridge for dairy products will not weld. What can you say about milk for children?
Tatyana Kulikova. The milk for the baby food is expensive. This is a fact. And now explain why. To the children's milk imposed the highest requirements. The most famous brand of "Subject" and "Agusha." Believe me, what makes a Moscow factory of dairy products, worthy of all respect. So the people who work there, cheering for this cause, for their products … And milk they always select the highest quality. If an incoming milk does not meet their requirements, it is not received for processing. No antibiotics, no foreign matter in the composition of the milk does not happen. In addition, mandatory fortification of milk produced all the necessary vitamins. And it is also strictly controlled. Therefore, milk for baby food can not be cheap. If you do not need milk for drinking and for cooking other dishes, take milk without vitamins because when heated most of the vitamins destroyed. It makes no sense to pay for these vitamins.
By the way, the problem with antibiotics is a pronounced seasonal pattern. Before the cows from the pasture areas in the winter, provide treatment. We work with all the Russian and in the spring we can clearly track "as the heat is sweeping the country." Begin calls from different regions — that neskvashivanie, the bad bunch. Watch the weather report — which was warmer, and go from there calls.
Eugene University. I'm making homemade yogurt, and noticed that one of the good milk turns thick yogurt, from another — a liquid, the third does not work at all. Leaven is the same in all cases, I use "Danone".
Tatyana Kulikova. Yes, of course, it is said that the milk from which the yogurt is obtained, free of antibiotics and to the milk, which is not sour, questions arise. The density of the resulting yogurt you can also depend on protein and fat. Somewhere more protein, less somewhere. And the composition of the protein fraction may be different, but it is influenced by breed and have cows, and their food, season.
Then, over the milk. Take milk "House in the Country" and Lianozovskoe where a large letter "M". What good is the same "Wimm-Bill-Dann" — they clearly prescribe what is milk. If this is the "House in the Country" — a brand of "Premium", and then use the milk directly "from the cow." That is, there is no milk powder is used.
The packaging of the letter "M" is clearly written — "reconditioned." That is taken milk powder diluted in water according to certain rules. Then check out his fat and skim milk if restored, it creamed. Thus, a "normalized" milk. This means that the milk is brought to a defined level of fat.
After all the milk from different farms contains different levels of fat and protein. What the manufacturer? He received a milk fat content had measured it. For example, fat 4% and the milk should be 3.2%. In the separator, remove excess fat and get the cream. And the milk has turned normalized (as the level of fat is given to a certain rate), it is packaged and sent to market. Normalization of milk always happens. If the milk is reduced (made from powder), then there is most often added fat, in raw milk from farms decreases it …
Eugene University. Hence, companies with their own farms, more preferable for us as consumers?
Tatyana Kulikova. Yes, of course. Its economy — its quality system, and all in order to get the original quality product.
What should consumers know? You take the package: it should be clearly stated in the manufacturer, clearly in the composition, the label did not have anywhere to wear off. From my point of view, a large company carefully monitors the sanitation and maintain more stringent. They produce large quantities of goods and should be responsible for it. With huge volumes, happen that hurt a lot of people — the level of responsibility is very great. Therefore, products of large enterprises are always safer. It is believed that dairy products from the market taste better done by hand. Dairy products from the market have, as a rule, very little shelf life. Of course, if you are personally familiar with the hostess who keeps a cow, you can see the conditions of detention, be sure to comply with health standards — why not buy milk from the cow. Decide in any event to you. My opinion — on the market from strangers is not worth taking. The milk should be packaged in a production package.
Eugene University. By the way, on the packaging. Now there are plastic bottles, bags, "Tetra Pak". And the shelf life is very different. In the same "Vkusnoteevo" shelf life two months, someone guarantees four.
Tatyana Kulikova. "House in the Country" in the box "Tetra Pak" can be stored for six months. And, when researched products, especially long-term storage, the safety factor is assumed to be 1.5. This means that milk with a shelf life of six months can actually be stored approximately nine months. A lot depends on the package. The leader here — the company "Tetra Pak", the products are stored in it very long. Plastic bottle produces a lower shelf life. Furthermore, the sterilization may also be performed in different ways: a high-temperature sterilization is, is under pressure, wherein the processing temperature above products. One manufacturer can give a more gentle treatment, and the other uses the sterilization pressure. Hence, differences in the timing of life …
Author — Eugene University