Mistral and Tonnerre BPC (bâtiment de projection et de commandment) new French 21,300-ton amphibious assault ship control and power projection.
The ships were built by DCN in partnership with Thales and Chantiers de l'Atlantique.
Each ship has a load capacity and versatility enough to carry up to 16 helicopters and languid one-third of a mechanized regiment, also 2-boats LCAC hovercraft or up to four landing craft.
In April 2007, DCN became DCNS. This was made possible after an agreement in which Thales won 25% of the latest company and DCN acquired the naval business of Thales France (excluding naval equipment).
Mistral equip a high-performance communication hub that allows you to use it as a command ship. The ship is also able to accommodate combined (multinational), multi-purpose force.
Orders and deliveries Mistral class ships
The contract for the two ships was located in January 2001. Kiel FS Mistral (L9013) was founded in July 2003, it was launched at Brest shipyard in October 2004. Mistral was introduced to the French Navy in February 2006. Tonnerre (L 9014) was founded in August 2003 and launched in July 2005, was included in the Navy in February 2007.
French Navy placed the order for the third ship, Dixmude, in April 2009. Keel was laid in January 2010. It was launched at the end of 2010, should enter into operation in 2012.
In June 2011, the Russian arms export agency Rosoboronexport signed a contract with DCNS for the supply of 2-class ships Mistral / BPC and related services. The deal is part of an intergovernmental agreement between France and Russia for the supply of 4-class ships Mistral.
Delivery of the first and the second ship is scheduled for 2014 and 2015, respectively. Conclusion of the agreement for the third and fourth ship is expected by the end of 2011.
In July 2006, the Mistral off the coast of Lebanon participated in the operation of the French Navy to evacuate French people during the conflict with the role of Israel and Lebanon.
Mistral and Tonnerre changed ships L9021 Ouragan and L9022 Orage, which were built at the shipyard of Brest Naval Dockyard and entered service in 1965 and 1968.
The design of the French amphibious assault ship control and power projection
The hull was constructed of 3 main sections. DCN has built the center and aft sections of the body at Saint-Nazaire, Brest (St Nazaire, Brest). Alstom Marine-Chantiers de l'Atlantique in Saint-Nazaire has built a nose section housing, which was delivered to the shipyard DCN in Brest for the upcoming assembly. DCN used Stocznia Remontowa in Gdansk as a subcontractor for the realization of the construction and equipping of the center and aft sections.
Command and control
Mistral class equip combat system data DCN Senit 8 and will be compatible with the French fleet command system for joint operations SIC 21, which was developed by Thales. High-performance communications center contains a system of satellite communication Thales Syracuse III.
Aviavozmozhnosti and hangars
Ship has the ability to carry up to 16 helicopters, medium or languishing under the deck, for example NH90, SA 330 Puma, AS 532 U2 Cougar AS 665 or AS 665 helicopters Tiger. Flight deck has 6 landing sites and 1,800-meter ² hangar. 5000-meter ² flight deck can accept up to 6 helicopters at once.
Amphibious capabilities Mistral class ships
Mistral will be or four landing craft (LCU), or two landing craft air cushion (LCACs). French Navy ordered a new high-speed landing craft, engins de débarquement amphibie rapide (EDA-R), which can be located on the Mistral.
The crew consists of 160 sailors, including 20 officers. Operational campaign associated with the transport of troops and equipment, usually takes 2-to 3 weeks. Mistral and Tonnerre carry enough supplies for the crew and 450 troops for 45 days. The highest speed is 19 knots, the range at a speed of 14 knots is 11000 miles. 750-meter ² hospital for 69 beds to equip with 2 operating. If you will need additional hospital or more sanitary places, the hangar can be converted into a modular field hospital.
Mistral is armed with 2 launchers, antiaircraft missiles French MBDA Simbad infrared-guided and a range of up to 6 km.
The ship also has two marine 30mm Breda Mauser cannon and four 12.7 mm machine gun.
Tools include electrical support ship radar receiver Thales ARBR 21 multi-purpose surveillance radar MMR-3D NG G-band of Thales Naval France. MRI-3D has an antenna with a touch of phased array radar and works as a radar sensor and a self-defense system with automatic.
In surface surveillance mode MRI-3D NG can find targets at low and medium altitudes in the range of up to 140 km and back in 3D-mode monitor airborne targets up to 180 km. In the mode of self-defense, he can detect and track any danger in a 60 km radius. Navigational radar Sperry Marine Bridgemaster works in the I-band.
Mistral — this is the first French ship, filled with 2 7 MW of electronic rotary actuators. Electricity generating system consists of a 3-16V32 and 1st 18V200 diesel generators Wartsila, providing 20.8 MW.