Despite recent statements by scientists in Spain, there is no clear evidence that modern humans were eaten by the Neanderthals, and, moreover, that the scale of this phenomenon has led to the extinction of the species.
Once upon a time the Neanderthals were the closest relatives of modern man within the vast territory from Europe to East Asia, and the Middle East. Neanderthals became extinct around the same time when modern humans invaded the area, leading to speculation the facts in terms of what the Neanderthals were wiped out more developed view.
Spanish scientists of the Catalan Institute of paleoecology and evolution of social in Tarragona, Bienvenido Martinez-Navarro and Polycarp Hortola, made reference to the migration of modern humans, which are likely to impact on the disappearance of more than 178 in what was then the world's largest species of mammals, including mammoths. Homo sapiens can be considered "the highest threat of all kinds," the researchers note, because "no other species did not show a greater potential for killing."
The researchers noted that modern man hunt "next of kin in appearance," such as the chimpanzee, gorilla and orangutan. Thus, they suggest that Neanderthals may have been killed and eaten, to modern people got rid of the competition for the good things of life. There is evidence that both Neanderthals and modern humans there have been acts of cannibalism.
However, there is clear evidence that the ancient modern humans ate Neanderthals. Even evidence of any clashes between the two species, there is small enough, and if they are, it is highly controversial. For example, in the Shanidar cave in Iraq rib bones have been found with traces of Neanderthal spear blow dealt by the top, as did the ancient people today, but at that time they probably have not been on that site and possibly belonged to Neanderthal spear.
Moreover, there is growing doubt about we met whether these two types at all. For example, recent evidence suggests that Neanderthals may well have become extinct a few thousand years earlier than their proposed meeting took place with the ancient modern humans. Recent studies have shown that there is evidence of a genetic cross between the species, but it does not confirm the violent contact between them, their meeting could well be peaceful.
Scientists believe that the disappearance of Neanderthals was not necessarily violent. First, they had to contend with a very rapid climate change. Second, they hunted a lot worse ancient modern humans, so losing them in the struggle for resources, but this fight is not accompanied by the cruel wars.
See also: People in Antarctica, finds ancient artifacts.