June 4, 2012 13:40
They are given different names energy balls, energy balls, fire elves, Payne objects, Payne objects, plazmozavry, plasmoids, UFO, UFO, flyers, bubbles, harpies, critters, creatures, nature, orbs. But the most commonly used name — plasmoids.
Anomalous phenomena plasmoids energy flows. 5 May 2012
Mysterious areas in the forest, the origin is unknown …
Fire the messengers
Over the past millennium, humanity has gained a lot of facts about the extraordinary light affections associated with natural disasters.
Very often they occur during earthquakes. What is interesting, the unusual phenomena observed both in the earthquake, and shortly before the first tremor, thus playing the role of original (optical) harbingers of disaster.
The phenomenon, which will be discussed, is known to mankind since time immemorial. At least one of the first mention of it dates back to 373 BC. e. and refers to ancient Greece. In the winter of that year, a devastating earthquake with tsunami nearly 10 meters in one night destroyed and flooded the rich Greek island Gelika, located on the shore of the Gulf of Corinth in 93 miles west of Athens. Gelika was known as the city of Poseidon, second only to the settlement of Delphi, where grow the sacred wood of the merciless god of the waves and earthquakes.
According to the memoirs of chroniclers, the day before the tragedy of residents 5 days watched as snakes, mice, martens and other creatures fled from the shore, climbing higher. On the fifth night in the sky there were "huge pillars of flame."
Since then, scientists have learned to distinguish between light effects associated with earthquakes. By the nature of their symptoms are divided into four groups.
This group consists of cases emission of air, sky, and flashes in the sky.
Here are a few examples. Earthquake 1703 in Genroku (Japan), which had a magnitude of 8.2 on the Richter scale, caused in the south of Edo (now Tokyo) colossal failure. For a few nights before the strong drive and after witnesses saw the glow of air.
The same thing happened during the tragedy Ashgabat October 5, 1948 (Magnitude 7.6). Geophysicist Vladimir Savchenko, who hit the underground elements found in the streets of the city, said: "It started suddenly. There was a low rumble of heavy, earth suddenly went from under my feet. The new push, even more than before, threw me to the ground. Circle heard screams of people. And something terrible happened tug — was air flare … you read about in science fiction novels, as a person before you get to the other, alien world, or covered by the "dead-green mist" or part of "ghostly blue light" or pohlesche anything else … But here in reality fiction, plus a menacing roar, thunder, trees, swaying like a blade of grass in the wind. "
A similar glow was observed and the eve of the earthquake in 1855 in Edo, Japan (magnitude 6.9). Shortly before the first shock was at sea suddenly people saw the glow of the sky to the north-east. It was so bright that it was possible to clearly consider the color patterns on clothing. Soon after, the glow from the water came a terrible roar that made people assume that the bottom of the boat hit the mass of gravel. And then the sky enveloped the bright flame, accompanied by different sounds.
Before the Tashkent earthquake of April 26, 1966 (magnitude 5.0), according to residents, the sky above the epicenter of the light too. The glow of the city observed a few hours before the stroke and was whitish-pink in color, resembling scattered light lightning.
Flash in the sky, and there were several others before earthquakes. On the eve of the underground strike September 1, 1923 in Kanto (Tokyo suburb) One woman saw a flash of light in the center of the Japanese capital.
Described a similar situation and geologist, witness the earthquake in Ashgabat (1948): "I went back to the hotel late and was about to go to bed, when he noticed a strange flash in the window, silently illuminates the horizon … I thought it was a thunderstorm, and the consequent rumbling and shaking as I took the first belated thunder .. ".
Interestingly, almost the same description of the phenomenon is owned and eyewitness earthquake in Tashkent (1966): "I heard a loud noise from the left side, reminiscent of motor noise, immediately on the same side there was an unusually bright flash of blinding white, which in a few seconds increased in fury with such force that I had to close my eyes. Then there was a push, almost brought down my feet. After the shock quickly became light fade. "
The catastrophic earthquake in northern China (magnitude is also accompanied by a short light effect. Roast stuffy at night July 28, 1976 a huge bright flash in the sky suddenly lit up all around. Following her terrible blow shook Tangshan-Fennan — one of the densely populated areas of China., Located in 150 km southeast of Beijing — destroying many buildings and structures
Linear luminous structure
These experts include emission bands, arcs, vertical pillars or torches.
Thus, with the earthquake in the Izu Peninsula (Japan) November 26, 1930 (magnitude 7), according to local residents in the sky have long strips that resemble the Northern Lights. And that's what the witness said meteorologist Pomugsky Ashgabat disaster: "Before going to bed I went out to get some fresh air. Suddenly appeared blindingly bright discharges. They formed an arc that was approaching from the mountains in my direction and went and the land around the water tower of 30-40 meters from me. This was followed by a gust of wind. He stopped a moment, and immediately shook the earth. "
An earthquake in 1921 in the Crimea remarkable light effects in the form of a pillar of fire, to rise above the sea. Opposite Cape Lucullus these pillars soar to great heights — 500 m
Something similar was observed by one witness Tashkent tragedy: "Over the Tashkent was a cloudless night sky. Out of the ground with a hiss escaped and soared over the rooftops giant torch light. Quite clearly outlined on the edges and blurred at the top, it is round and expanded to the form of a candle flame. Looking up from the earth, a mysterious omen dissolved in rosy light lightning blazes. "
Now fast forward to 1916, to the Far North. Small sailing motor schooner "St. Nicholas" was anchored in a small rocky island. Ivan Sibirtsev navigator, later known Soviet meteorologist, got to the island and from the high ledge studied the bright moonlight state of the ice field. Suddenly he saw the edge of the ice field to the horizon, where it was still the same island, fire broke out band, momentarily illuminate all around, and then came crashing splintering ice.
Compact luminous objects
This group of scientists included glow in the form close to spherical.
For example, during the earthquake in 1911 in Germany in the cloudless sky began to emerge fireballs. A similar picture was observed fishermen together after a boat on the water in the evening just before the earthquake in the Izu Peninsula (1930). They suddenly saw west of Mount AMAG bright ball with great speed swept the north-west.
With the stroke of underground elements in Sineyu 1347 (Japan), magnitude 7.4, also linked light effects. Japanese scientist T. Terada sought a historical document, which says the following: "Against the background of dark sky in the direction of the mountain Iduna appeared fiery cloud. You could see how it rotates and then disappeared.
Immediately afterwards there was a roar, followed by a powerful earthquake. "
Something like that — a luminous cloud ellipsoid of the epicenter — seen during kasumkenskogo push the Caucasus April 20, 1966 (magnitude 5.5).
The glow surrounding objects
8 This group includes cases researchers glow soil, equipment, wires and disconnected fluorescent
For example, in the Carpathian earthquake in 1940 (magnitude 7.5), eyewitnesses observed in its epicenter of the soil and the glow peaks. A similar case occurred in an underground hit October 24, 1959 (magnitude 5.7) in Central Asia (the epicenter was located at 70 km from Tashkent): bluish flame covered slopes surrounding villages of mountain ranges.
Very unusual testimony and witness the earthquake in Kamchatka July 5, 1971 in the village. Krutoberegovoe (located 100 km from the epicenter): When the quake suddenly lit up the hood of the tractor on rubber tires.
However Carpathian earthquake remarkably diverse glow. Besides those already mentioned, there was also the glow, mostly red hue, transmission and power lines.
But, perhaps, a record number of different lighting effects reported repeatedly cited scientists believe the Tashkent earthquake. Shortly before some witnesses noticed the spontaneous glow of fluorescent lamps are turned off. The glow stopped for an hour and a half after the first tremor. Lamps, however, began to glow and before some Aftershocks of the earthquake.
Back in 1924, the Soviet geophysicist EA Cherniavsky pointed indignation geoelectric field before the earthquake. In the summer he and his expedition arrived in Dzhapap Abad (Kyrgyzstan) to study atmospheric electricity in the field. "On the day when we were struck by the unusual behavior of our device — wrote EA Chernyavsky — the sky was clear. However, the equipment is clearly shown — in the atmosphere broke out "electrical storm" with a very high potential. How exactly — measure failed because the needle immediately went off scale. And two hours later, the earth opened. We saw a crack width of 1.5-2 m and a length of 40 m was then that I thought, maybe the earthquake was the cause of the anomalous state of the atmospheric electric field? '.
5 hours before an underground hit in Tashkent April 26, 1966 also registered outrage geoelectric field. As the scientists explain, the strengthening of the field in the absence of any meteorological reason (thunderstorm, dust storm) may occur, for example, if the rocks at depth or the surface of the land is free electric charges.
Previously, experts believed that the surface luminosity of the atmosphere are due to the piezoelectric effect in the destruction kvartsesoderzhaschih rocks. But in 1970, scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic Institute have found that the presence of quartz is not necessary: an electrical discharge occurs when the destruction of any of the rock, in particular, and coal seams. And these are the natural electrical processes without human intervention can burn in a coal mine explosive air-methane mixture.
In the 1980s, scientists have reproduced a similar phenomenon in the laboratory of the Leningrad Hydrometeorological Institute. Imagine their surprise when, in the destruction of the ice samples in the area of the cracks are tiny flash of lightning
In the late 1980s, employees Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Georgian Academy of Sciences found that a few hours before the earthquake high in the atmosphere (about 100 km) above the epicenter of the growing intensity of the green-line emission of atomic oxygen. In the night from 21 to 22 September 1990, researchers again observed a twofold increased green fluorescence in the direction of Dagestan. And in the morning on September 22 there really was an earthquake of magnitude 6 points.
According to scientists, the excitation of the upper atmosphere occurs under infra-sound waves from the source coming earthquake. In fact, the exponential growth of micro-cracks in the earth's crust to push can produce infrasound. If its intensity is high enough, then, spreading up infrasound waves can transfer some of their energy to the oxygen atoms, causing them pereizluchit it in the form of light with a characteristic wavelength of this element.
Soviet scientist, Doctor of Science MT Dmitriev many years ago discovered and studied in detail the air luminescence caused by trace impurities present in it chemically active species. Usually it is so weak that the visual is completely transparent and is secured only by special devices. But the sudden increase in the concentration of these particles glow can be noticeable at night. The region of the bright glow called zones chemiluminescence. These zones can pulsate, have a different color (blue, red) and move. The nature of this phenomenon is different, but this is often a strange light to warn people about earthquakes.
Mystics have their views on the cause of the fire of earthquake precursors. First, they argue, it points to what caused the crash. For example, glow, tore out of the ground, due to the violence of subterranean fire, power over which anciently attributed to Satan. But the glow in the atmosphere usually associated with the manifestation of the will of the gods.
Second, before and after the earthquake on individual sections of the disaster area observed clusters glowing fiery form (scientists call them plasmoids) that can instantly move in the space. According to the mystics — these forms — beings who came to hour of trouble from a parallel world to protect mankind.
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