Russian Orthodox Church can not cancel the excommunication of the great Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, in spite of the appreciation of his work and the 100th anniversary of his death.
Executive secretary of the Patriarchal Council for Culture Archimandrite Tikhon Shevkunov noted that the decision of the Holy Synod on February 20, 1901, according to which Tolstoy was excommunicated from the church, can not be canceled because it was "a statement of a fait accompli," reports Russian newspaper.
As Count Tolstoy himself excommunicated themselves from the Church, "which he did not deny, but at every opportunity strongly emphasized."
According to the cleric, even when Leo Tolstoy was 27, he had the idea of creating a new faith, as evidenced by his diaries of the time. And advanced in years, feeling that is close to that goal, he created a small sect of admirers and wrote the Gospel of Tolstoy, with the main target of Tolstoy is the Orthodox Church.
"His statements and actions against her were terrifying for the Orthodox consciousness. Moreover, much of Tolstoy in the last decade of his life, unfortunately, was truly devastating to Russia, which he loved. She brought misery to the people to whom he wanted to serve. No wonder the leader of the Bolsheviks extremely valued precisely this activity of Tolstoy and the writer called "the mirror of the Russian Revolution", — said Father Tikhon.
According to him, the great devotees of the Church — St. John of Kronstadt, St. Theophan the Recluse, many others — bitterly admitted that "the great talent of Count Tolstoy purposefully employed them to destroy the spiritual and the social foundations of Russia."
"The last days of the great writer's life tell us about the painful struggle that took place in his soul," — says the priest.
He fled his family home — Yasnaya Polyana, but not to his followers, Tolstoyan, and then the most famous Russian monastery — Optina desert, where at that time remained ascetic hermits. There, he tried to meet with them, but at the last moment decided not to it, then what is bitterly confessed to his sister — nun neighboring Shamordino Optina Monastery.
Later, at the station Astapovo, anticipating death, he had sent a telegram to the Optina desert with a request to send him Elder Joseph. But when the two priests arrived in Astapovo surrounding a dying writer disciples and followers prevented the meeting.
As explained by Father Tikhon canonical church commemoration Tolstoy impossible since he publicly renounced his religious delusions. However, he said, no "anathemas and curses," as claimed by unscrupulous historians and journalists, it was uttered.
Response on behalf of the Russian Orthodox Church was given the president of the Russian Book Union Sergei Stepashin. He appealed to Patriarch Kirill asked for the 100th anniversary of the death of the writer to reconsider his excommunication.
Recall that on Thursday, November 11, the Ukrainian rolling out a film about the last years of Leo Tolstoy's The Last Station.