To the Criminal Code penalties for espionage foreseen in Articles 275 and 276.
In Russia there are people on the provisions of Article 275, which states that "municipal treason, in other words espionage, issuing state or other lurking assisting foreign state, foreign organization or their representatives in carrying out aggressive activities to the detriment of external security of Russian Federation, the perfect citizen of Russian Federation — shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of 12 to 20 years with a fine of up to five hundred thousand rubles or in the amount of the salary or other income for a period of up to 3 years, or without, and with the restriction of liberty for up to 2-years. "
Foreign citizens and stateless persons who are responsible for espionage under Article 276, which states that "the transfer, as well as picking up the kidnapping or the storage for the transfer of a foreign state, foreign organization or their representatives information that constitutes municipal mystery, the transfer or assignment by picking up foreign other intelligence information for use to the detriment of external security Russian Federation, if committed foreign citizen or stateless person — shall be punishable by imprisonment for a term of 10 to 20 years. "
In May 2012, the Moscow City Court sentenced Colonel Vladimir Lazar of supplies to 12 years in prison regime and the serious deprivation of military rank of spying for the United States. In the course of the investigation it was found that the last soldier of the Military Technical Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, Colonel Lazar's Stores in December 2008, while in Moscow, and acting on the instructions of the U.S. military intelligence agent Lesmenta, acquired and gave a significant amount of raster topographic maps containing information constituting municipal mystery.
18 May 2012 Sverdlovsk regional tribunal sentenced him to eight years in prison Gniteeva Alexander, a member of a private enterprise (FSUE "NPO Automation Academician Semikhatova"), the defendant in the transfer of foreign intelligence information about the new Russian arms — on Russian developments in the field of rocketry.
February 10, 2012 the 3rd District Military Court sentenced a senior test engineer cosmodrome "Plesetsk" Lt. Col. Vladimir Nestertsa to 13 years of imprisonment in a penal colony serious mode, stripped of his military rank of "lieutenant colonel" for the transfer of CIA information about Russian strategic tests combat missile systems.
December 7, 2011 the North Caucasus District Military Court found former mayor Vladimir Klenkova, who served in one of the parts of the Southern Military Area (SOUTH), guilty on charges of spying for Georgia, and sentenced him to 12 years in prison and deprivation of the title of "retired Major . " Klenk incriminate under Article 275 of the Criminal Code (Municipal treason). During the investigation it was established that Mr Klenk 4 May and 19 December 2002 issued by the Georgian special services on the territory of Georgia information constituting municipal secret stamped "Secret." This information concerning the activities of military units SOUTH.
October 19, 2011 the North Caucasus District Military Court has recognized the soldier one of the parts of the Southern Military Area Senior Lieutenant David Aliyev and his mother Ira Aliyev guilty of spying for Georgia, and sentenced them to 10 years in prison and eight serious and common modes respectively. According to the court, Aliev has collected and passed through the mother Georgian intelligence services information about the combat activities of the surrounding area, for which he received five thousand dollars.
June 27, 2011 Capital District Military Court sentenced in absentia former RAF officer Alexander Poteeva to 25 years in prison, finding him guilty of the United States to extradite Russian agents, illegal immigrants. The case was heard in closed session, as Pot fled the country. The Tribunal also deprived Poteeva rank "colonel" and honors — the Order of Red Banner and commemorative medals. Pot was found guilty under article "Municipal treason in the form of issuing state Undercover" of the Criminal Code and for this article proclaimed him a sentence of 20 years in prison. He also found guilty of desertion and for that sin sentenced to 6 years in prison. On the totality of crimes final punishment had been administered in the form of 25 years in prison.
In September 2010, the Supreme Tribunal of North Ossetia sentenced Head of Service of the Armed Forces and security forces of the Defense Ministry of South Ossetia, a Russian citizen Edward Gobozova to 10 years of imprisonment in a penal colony serious mode. He was found guilty of spying for Georgia. From 2004 to 2009 year Gobozov for compensation from the Georgian special services passed on information about the quantity and high quality composition, places of deployment and movement of military units of the Defense Ministry and the FSB border guards on the ground in South Ossetia.
In May 2010, the Moscow City Court sentenced to four years in prison regime serious citizen of the Russian Federation Gennady Sipacheva, accused of treason and transfer of information containing municipal mystery. FSB detained Sipacheva in 2008. According to investigators, he collected and passed over the limit on vebu cartographic materials of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, which contained information of a state secret. Sipachev was found guilty under Article 275 of the Criminal Code — "gosizmena in the form of espionage."
March 25, 2010 the North Caucasus District military tribunal sentenced a citizen of Georgia, a resident of the Georgian intelligence Zazu Kherkeladze and 2-Russian troops, Lieutenant-Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel Khvicha Imerlishvili Marlen Bogdanov, to prison terms ranging from 11 to 15 years. According to investigators, Zaza Kherkeladze in 2007 illegally arrived in North Ossetia to the creation of the intelligence network to gather intelligence on military units and armed forces of the Russian Federation in the North Caucasus, a study of the situation in the region. Assistant Kherkeladze managed intelligence activities was Khvicha Imerlishvili — he collected information of military disposition and selected candidates Russian troops to their next recruitment. Bogdanov was collecting and transmitting information in respect of employees of the FSB, the Russian Defense Ministry troops and military facilities located in the Southern Federal District. The activities Imerlishvili and Bogdanov was part of exploration Georgian special services to ensure their own information management for the creation of a test for operation in South Ossetia. Russian counterintelligence officers stopped their activities in 2008-2009.
In December 2009, the Supreme Tribunal of North Ossetia, was sentenced to eight years' imprisonment to be served in the colony serious Badri Kushashvili regime, accused of treason.
Their contacts with the representative of the Georgian special services Kushashvili produced in the period October 2007 to the end of 2008 by the direction of encrypted SMS messages containing information on military units and facilities of the North Caucasian Military Area.
In October 2009, the North Caucasian District military Tribunal found the foreman of the Armed Forces Jemal Nakaidze guilty of spying for Georgia, and sentenced him to nine years in prison. The Tribunal found that, from February to November 2008 Nakaidze collec
t and transmit information representing a state secret intelligence agencies of Georgia.
In August 2009, the North Caucasus District Military Court sentenced the deputy commander of one of the military units of the North Caucasus military colonel neighborhood Misha Hachidze to 6 years in a penal colony serious mode for municipal treason in the form of espionage in favor of Georgia (Article 275 of the Criminal Code). According to the investigation in October-November 2007, the defendant was recruited by Georgian special services and has agreed to do their job for the collection and transmission of identifiable information to him in the service of the military character, including that formed municipal mystery.
In January 2008, the ex-officer of the Federal Service of the Kaliningrad execution of punishments Basil Hitryuk was sentenced to 7 years and 6 months in prison for municipal treason (Article 275). According to special services, Hitryuk transferred to Lithuania various data structures of the Baltic Fleet.
In October 2007, the Metropolitan District military Tribunal sentenced him to seven years in prison soldier of the 1st of the compounds of the Metropolitan Area of the military Major Sergei Yurenya for spying for the Polish secret services. According to the FSB of the Russian Federation, Sergey Yurenya in 2005 was recruited by the Polish secret services and in 2005-2006 for the reward currency to the detriment of external security of the Russian Federation has collected and gave them information about the deployment, command and armed with a number of military units and formations of the Metropolitan Area of the military. The criminal case against Yurenya 6 March 2007 instituted Investigation Department of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation under Article 275 of the Criminal Code (Municipal treason and espionage).
In March 2007, the Capital District Military Court sentenced him to 12 years in prison, Colonel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation's Stores Valentine Shabaturova, finding him guilty under Article 275 of the Criminal Code — "Municipal treason." The Tribunal found that the defendant had recruited intelligence agency of the 1st European country. Defendant cooperated intensively with foreign intelligence agency for 7 years — from 1999 to 2006 year, he spread the information constituting the municipal mystery than caused significant harm to national security of the Russian Federation.
August 9, 2006 Capital District Military Court sentenced the Colonel's Stores Forces Sergei Skripal to 13 years in prison, finding him guilty under Article 275 of the Criminal Code (Municipal treason). In the course of a criminal investigation it was found that Skripal during military service in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the middle of the 90s was recruited by British intelligence, which passed on information that constitutes municipal mystery.
In July 2010, Sergei Skripal was pardoned by the President of the Russian Federation and in which 4 people serving sentences for treason in Russian bullpen, was exchanged for ten, arrested in the U.S. on suspicion of spying for Moscow.
In June 2006 he was arrested by deputy head of Research and Test Institute of the Ministry of Defence Colonel Igor Arsent'ev of supplies. According to investigators, Arsent'ev during foreign trips from 2002 to 2004 year aired hidden information acquired in the service.
Arsentieva Tribunal sentenced to 9 years in prison for treason serious mode in the form of espionage (Article 275 of the Criminal Code), then the sentence was reduced to 7 years. With all this he was granted coercive measure honey disposition in connection with the "schizotypal personality disorder."
In December 2004, the Maritime completed the hearing of spying for China. The team consisted of 11 people — they are transported abroad hidden documents and details of the Su-27. Spies were in the middle of Defense personnel officers, former members of the Far Eastern Military Area Igor and Alexander Lukin Artukhov. All participants in this criminal case at various times have been sentenced to long prison. Captain Igor Lukin was sentenced to 10 years' deprivation of rank. Major Alexander Artyuhova also demoted and sentenced to eight years' probation.
April 7, 2004 the Moscow City Court sentenced him to 15 years in prison Igor Sutyagin, a former chief of department of military-technical and military-economic policy department of the foreign policy research of the Institute of USA and Canada. Sutyagin had been charged in the transfer of information constituting a state secret, the representatives of British intelligence MI-6.
In July 2010, Igor Sutyagin has been pardoned by the president of the Russian Federation and in which 4 people serving sentences for treason in Russian bullpen, was exchanged for the ten detainees to the United States on suspicion of spying for Moscow.
June 11, 2003 Capital District Military Tribunal sentenced him to 18 years in prison, Colonel, former deputy chief of the 1st Division of the control counter-SVR Alexander Zaporozhye. Zaporizhia was charged with transfer of the South American intelligence services information about current employees and 3 external intelligence service agents among the American people.
In July 2010, Alexander Zaporizhia was pardoned by President of the Russian Federation and in which 4 people serving sentences for treason in Russian bullpen, was exchanged for the ten detainees to the United States on suspicion of spying for Moscow.
In autumn 2002 he was arrested by Colonel Federal Frontier Service of the Russian Federation Igor Vyalkov. According to the investigation, in the period from 2001 to 2002, he spent a couple of times a meeting with representatives of the Estonian intelligence, which transmit data "about certain qualities of the implementation of the Border Guard Service of the FSB intelligence activities." In Estonia, the lieutenant colonel got illegally crossing the border.
In 2004 Vyalkov was convicted under Article 275 of the Criminal Code ("Municipal treason") and sentenced to 10 years in prison for spying for special services in Estonia.
June 26, 2002 the Moscow City Court sentenced him to 15 years in prison Oleg Kalugin, Major General, former head of the KGB counterintelligence outside the USSR. According to the investigation, in the book "The First Directorate: My 32 Years in Intelligence and Espionage Against the West" Kalugin leaked the information about the organization and methods of intelligence work of the USSR and its most valuable agents in Canada, Australia and France. The sentence was handed down in absentia, he Kalugin continues to live in the U.S., where a consultant.