Recently, the country faced a wave of claims for breach of their obligations under these businessmen. According to the Supreme Court of Arbitration, in the past year by 66% increase in the number of applications from foreign businessmen complain of non Russian partners of foreign judgments.
In autumn 2008 not to pay the debts to Russia again became "trendy." Statistics on more than doubling of the load of a judge in a few months is as shocking. Increases and severity of the violation. According to RBC, now behind bars "languishing" 40 000 (!) Entrepreneurs.
Modern business does not like to share, it is most often only interested in their own gain. The consciousness of the entrepreneur, as a rule, have long been perceived tax avoidance as its "sacred right", and charity — as a luxury.
Recent investigations Alexei Navalny have shown how cynical may be those who are currently at the helm of the flagship companies of the country. But instead of supporting government and criminal cases the whole world suddenly saw a campaign to limit the rights of small shareholders. Does not such an approach diminished the credibility of the whole country?
Reputation of Russian business abroad is far from ideal, if not — fundamentally flawed. Many foreign companies are fundamentally not want to have anything to do with Russia. Because I do not understand is no power, no business, and politics of Russia for a long time they become opaque and unpredictable.
Russian businessmen are increasingly complain of discrimination: that European antitrust authorities do not consent to the purchase of assets, the media splash regular charges of money laundering and suspected of having links with the Mafia, they begin to look down on the origin of requests of Russian money.
Who is to blame: the government or the Russian society itself? According to research World Values Survey, International Social Survey and the Life in Transition Survey, the country scares: the level of confidence to the nation is 77% of the respondents. This is one of the highest rates in the world. Alas, the Russians are afraid of each other. And hope, voting for increasing centralization of the economy, which only the state can make a difference. It turns out that the competition in the eyes of society is harmful, and democratic governance — only obstacle for the economy. The highest level in Europe stratification in society between rich and poor creates a growing alienation and bitterness.
We seem to have lost their integrity, kindness, strength, confidence, compassion — the characteristic features of the Russian people. But more recently foreigners admired Russian merchants. In the XIX century, the French admired those "macho", felt a special attraction to her. The quotations from "History": "Regular, punctual and most that neither is good behavior of Russians with respect to loans that were given to them, to conquer the French financial and credit circles". French aristocrat and writer of the same time de Custine spoke of Russian as a highly cultured and welcoming people, "I've never seen that people of all classes have been with each other so polite. Carter always greets his friend, who in turn tells him the same, the doorman bows with malaria. "
Italian historian Albert Kampenze wrote of high spirituality and morality of the Russian people: "They seem to be better than we follow the teachings of the Gospel. Deceive each other revered their terrible heinous crime. "
In Europe, in terms of population and military power of Russia was in first place, we are respected and listened to. The country's economy has developed to equity traders, who have strong ties abroad. The basis of these connections had a reputation. For the most part faithful to the word was the main principle. Promise to the entrepreneur, was much more valuable than the current paper-based documents. Russian merchant could not afford even in little things break his promise. To do so would brand all kind of life and reality. He was able to enter into multi-million dollar deal overseas, to entrust one word.
Savva Morozov V., still unknown, so it was able to create in the village Zuevo his factory. Prior to this, the entire textile business of the country was working on a manual rustic technique. Morozov negotiates with German entrepreneur Ludwig Knopp on the construction of the machine spinning mill. Knopp put Morozov abroad hundred (!) New spinning machines parole. Morozov affair developed, and many farmers, knowing honesty Savva Vasilievich gave him the money for safekeeping. Such was the power of reputation.
Another role model is Nikolai Alekseev. Moscow city mayor (1885-1893), a Russian merchant guild I, he initiated a complete modernization of the city and inspired a new generation of architecture. The fame brought him create "from scratch" sanitation (before Muscovites used pit latrines). At the initiative of the head was created and water, were built Krestovsky water towers, which supplied water to the central areas of the city.
All known GUM (old name — Upper Trading Rows) — a grand structure with empire style with a glass roof all over, in the form we know it today, was built by order of the mayor. Were put in order roadways lined asphalt pavements. Built hospitals and opened more than 30 city schools.
Amphitheater writer thought of him, "Alekseev, perhaps the first of the members of the Russian zemshchina, forced to talk about himself European political press, not many interests and activities, and leaders of our government."
Authority in the Russian business was made to purchase it because of the word, which is held sacred. It was one of the tenets of education. Therefore cheat neighbor was considered a great sin. Moral education and teacher education in Russia is basically always contained Christian philosophy. The empire was brought up by the law of faith. Many businessmen were deeply religious people, but they are based were Old Believers.
Old believer Ryabushinskys were famous, who managed to get out of small Lavochne traders in large industrial magnates, subsequently formed his own bank. They later became the bank's largest bank and was called "Moscow". Ryabushinskys not like to overspend. All money received from competent investment, and again sent to development. This trait was characteristic of several generations of family. By the time of the death of the founder of the dynasty — Mikhail Yakovlevich — his condition has exceeded 2 million rubles. People who had a similar condition at the time, could be counted on the fingers. Second generation Ryabushinskys expanded his father's business and increase assets up to 5 million rubles.
Are no less respected dynasty Morozov Guchkovs, Kokorevs. These merchants were Old Believers. According to the 1897 census, the Old Believers were only about 2% of the Russian population of the empire, while Wikipedia attributes the conservatives and 60% of the Russian capital. On average, it appears that the average Believer was 73 times richer than the average Russian.
The reasons for this success Believers in business — in their work ethic. Having responsibility, diligence, perseverance, industriousness, perseverance, they have created a corporate culture of labor activity. For them, working at half capacity was unacceptable. From an early age, they absorbed the principles of the way of life: to demand from you more than others, to keep the purity of culture and morality. The principle of dialogue only with fellow believers — perhaps, is the answer to the question of their success in business.
Russian merchants in the majority were convinced of the collectivists. Incredible development within a community mutual aid — that is what saved the dissenters, many hundreds of years. The entrepreneur has never forgotten that he came out of the same peasants. Therefore, regardless of wealth, the community members were treated like brothers to each other. And to work as members of one big family, united by concern for the common cause.
"A good name is better than riches" — often themselves said merchants. They knew that wealth always comes after reputation.