This story began when in 1862 the first tower ironclad "Monitor", built in the United States, in an armored turret was installed immediately two artillery guns, which, of course, increased the weight throw out their metal. After that, this tradition has continued on other ships such class also showed later battleships and battleships.
Increase the rate of zeal led to a first three-and then chetyrehorudiynyh artillery towers, but this increase in the number of trunks on the battleships ended because of fear in the case of successful hit by the enemy immediately lose half of its own artillery.
In the end, after the second world war in the ocean were battleships and with 2 and with 3 head-caliber guns in the towers, but they soon went for scrap, and the progress in the development of naval artillery led, in-1 's, to the fact that instead of multi-gun tower plants in the fleet were only just odnoorudiynye (except that small-caliber anti-aircraft unit with rotating shafts), and in-2, the caliber was limited to 127-130 millimeters. In other words, more modern ships mnogokalibernye guns were simply not needed — and that they had previously always carried the gun for himself a larger caliber than land.
But it seems that the twenty-first century in a new field long-range artillery again waiting for the amazing metamorphosis.
"Only for the" Coalition "is considered about 10 different platforms, including several wheel. The final selection will be done after the Defense Ministry official tests, but the module "Coalition-SV", which we are currently developing, will be almost universal "- told a source in the Central Research Institute" Thunderbird ".
Unification is incomplete and land option module "Coalition-SV" will differ from the sea by first charging guns. In addition, the representative of the "Puffin" stressed that as a platform for self-propelled artillery system (ACS), you can stop and T-90.
"The new tank chassis has the highest level of the reservation. Such a reservation for a gun mount, kicking a few 10 km s, sverhizbytochno. Therefore put on the ACS "Armata" only makes sense to unify, "- said the representative of the plant.
The representative of the "Puffin" is also noted that the crawler platform is more stable when firing than wheel, and does not require extension of the legs. At the same time, he did not rule out that, in connection with the transition to wheeled platforms ground troops come in handy "Coalition" on wheels.
"We expect that once the platform" Coalition 'will be the artillery system, replacing "Mstu-C", "Acacia" and other settings of 152 mm caliber. "
It is believed that modern radars and computers completely changed the strategy for implementing a self-propelled and non-propelled howitzers, or, as they are called in the West, guns for shooting indirect fire (Non-Line-of-Sight Cannon). Automatic control systems are capable of directly inducing the target immediately 10s guns, synchronizing their shots. Well, the modern automatic control can operate in "a hail of fire" (MRSI — Multiple Rounds Simultaneous Impact), in which several shells fired by different trajectories of the 1st gun, immediately hit the target.
Modern artillery attack is not much like the artillery preparation times of the second world war. No hours of gunfire and mixing of enemy positions to the ground. At the moment, everything is different: in one moment on a certain part of the area the enemy almost immediately falls some 10 s shells, then she takes off into the air with the manpower, equipment and all the fortifications.
But life itself and artillery too difficult. After the first issued by the projectile enemy radars simultaneously calculate the coordinates of the issuing his guns, give their own artillery, and that by the first volley of return will cover the enemy positions. So, releasing shell, self-propelled artillery should as quickly as possible out of their firing positions — on the other they nesdobrovat. Yet only recently in ACS at all in the supplies was about 10 minutes, but at the moment it was reduced to three or four minutes or less — so fast now started working military computers and communications systems!
That's our designers came to mind as a sensible idea: to put on the ACS is not a trunk, and two, in other words to use gun-like Sparky ship. But because the land turret installations on weight indices can be done just as massive as the ship, the barrels of the guns, it was decided not to join in the horizontal and in the vertical plane in the manner of a hunting rifle bokflint.
It is clear that the Russian SPG 2S19 "MSTA-S", can fire at a rate of up to eight rounds per minute. In other words, only adding thereto one trunk, you can already get 16 shots per minute — more than the experienced American ACS XM1001 "Crusader" (in 2001 the project was canceled due to the fact that later decided to build machines weighing up to 20 tons), in which he shot 10 per minute.
Apologetics latest Russian SAU try to prove that the use of twin gun mount will provide increased rate of fire due to the ability of simultaneous charging 2-trunks, which brings "Coalition-SV" on the fire performance of a multiple launch rocket systems while maintaining the accuracy of rifled cannon, with preserved size and weight are close to the usual single-barrel systems. Plan to achieve this production method stems from strong steel stem with extensive use of composite materials with high specific stiffness and chargers rammer will soon do the same to function Kazennikov.
Jobs crew promising ACS placed in a computerized control module, which is located in the forward part of the chassis, and equipped complex remote fire control and instrumentation monitor all operations on the monitors of the unified information and command system. Process automation management tool provides low readiness to fire.
Thanks to the separation of the crew module and the crew of arms is better protected when the probability of ignition of powder charges in the case of contact with the car, is excluded the negative impact of the powder gases from the sh
ot. All service will be very promising ACS automated.
But the main achievement of the latest ACS should be to improve the effectiveness of fire in the "barrage of fire" due to the defeat of one target group of shells fired by different paths to the configuration of the shot-to-shot angles of the cast and the original speed, and as a result, the configuration of the projectile flight time to the target . With all of this to the goal line all the shells fly up almost immediately, which guarantees that the highest possibility of its defeat. In this case, one tool can replace the platoon, and sometimes even an entire artillery battery of an old type. And here is a just and there is a huge number of questions, the answers to that yet …
To begin with, the idea of paired artillery weapons on tanks not new. Thus, the two guns on the sides (although they were not paired!) Had been the first British tanks, then two guns — 37 mm and 75 mm — was a heavy tank Neubaufahrzeug or Nb. Fz. — Germany's most experienced middle tank of the 1930s, while at first they were placed in a vertical two-seater, and the last cars — in the horizontal axis.
Two guns, 45 mm and 75 mm, had a first version of the Russian KV, then two 87.6 mm caliber howitzers appeared on the experimental model of the tank "Sentinel" in Australia, and that's it. Of course, not counting the ZSU, which paired guns put quite often. More "sparok" no one has ever used, although, however, was a case where the original designer of the period of the Second World War ZY Kotin proposed SAU HF-7 with 3 guns in one mask: with 2 caliber 45 mm and one 76 mm, and under exactly the same setup was designed and experienced trehpushechny T-34.
Neither one nor the other car light never have seen because of the high dispersion of the shells with the shooting, which, by the way, some military had already tried to pass off as good. Like, so more area covered by shells, and as it should, and the damaged area. In other words, all, like, "Katyusha", but only here in the form of cannon artillery!
Meanwhile, if you compare this "promising" ACS "Coalition-SV" was in service with the German Bundeswehr ACS PzH 2000, then, as demonstrated by the results of tests, the decision of fire puzzles it is provided within 4 minutes, preparing to fire, and a change position takes another two minutes. No wonder this day that ACS is the most perfect prototype of a self-propelled artillery in the world, mass-produced. In his possession a 155-mm gun-long 52-gauge, clear navigation system, automatic fire control system, and automatic system loading gun with 60 rounds and 228 modular propelling charge. PzH-2000 is able to release three rounds of nine or 10 seconds for 56 seconds at a distance of 30 km. Howitzer holds the world record — on the ground in South Africa, she was able to shoot at 56 km, using a specially shell V-LAP development of the South African office "Denel".
Nearly as rapid-and long-range and was the most experienced South American ACS XM1001 "Crusader", the maximum firing range at which is 50 km away. Recall that our ACS "MSTA-S" has a range of 25 km, and vtochnosti the same firing range plan and in ACS 'Coalition-SV ", in other words, in a real fight against these machines its highest rate it can not just come in handy!
At the technical level, it will be very difficult to neutralize the two different pulse power returns (and they inevitably will be different when using different propellants!) On one carriage, which will cause very high loads on the turret.
Moreover, the trunks of both guns are placed so close that flying out of their shells will affect each other due to the interference of shock waves, which ultimately will affect the accuracy of shooting. And what good is that to the purpose of the projectile will fly two different angles, right on target if they still will not get?
Then it will be easier to equip with the latest ACS immediately … with 2 Sparky's 152-millimeter guns, located on the sides of the tower, with the 4-blank trunks into a single point of impact. In this case, the head will fall off a potential enemy is not two, but four shells, and even some in his fall! Oh, and as for the rate of fire (not to mention her terrifying outer form), then 32 shots per minute — this is not one zabugornoy ACS did not even dream!
Now clear age technology. That's what we should not forget the creators of new promising future SAU day. Is now much easier, more profitable, well, cheaper to send to the target area a compact unmanned aircraft gunner, which, undetected in the air and being outside the reach of guns of the enemy, will be able to simply "highlight" any target with a laser beam, after that it will be destroyed by a single shell, with the rate in this case is of no importance! Weight machines are also of great importance. No wonder, most experienced brand new ACS NLOS Cannon (USA), developed for mobile warfare of the future, has a mass of 23 tons and carried a standard army transport planes.
Its crew of two people: a driver and commander-gunner. Howitzer hundred percent automated and allows production on 155-mm shells every 10 seconds at a distance of 30 km, until exhausted all the ammunition (24 projectile and propellant charge 72). Manage all of the instruments is centralized command-and-staff vehicle, which is capable of very rapidly retarget located in different places on the self-propelled one common goal. Greater well, just obviously not required, but the improvement of the UAV guidance and targeting systems — this is the path and you have to go now!