Most residents of the Krasnodar Territory have heard (and many there are) strange to the modern ear the name "Thamaha." Is the title of a beautiful mountain range, located in the Seversky district of the same name, and with it the settlement. Many people probably think that this is not a Slavic name, but it is — confusing. Based on the study of the ancient Slavonic chronicles, narratives and chronographs have reason to conclude that, in ancient times, our ancestors settled throughout Eurasia, including the Krasnodar region. The proof of the above are the same, repeated from one region to place names of objects (according to research by SS Pecheneva, about half of the names of the rivers of Siberia coincide with the names of rivers in India and Europe).
The explanation of this is found in the "Vedas Polabian Slavs", published by S. Verkovich Tsar Alexander II: «At the time, many places were deserted, and then they settled our grandparents, and … what places mastered, then give them other names … Our grandfathers spread across the land, and it was then … each army, which consisted of 5-10 thousand souls and gone to settle some other empty place was given the name that bore their commander, and this name remained for those forever, because then our grandparents when shared many times on a lot of troops, and took a lot of names, and so to now become distinguished from each other only by name governors, or the king. " Slavs thus perpetuate the names of their commanders and kings — the memory of them remained in the names of genera.
Geographical places often coincide with the names of ancient heroes and gods. D. and C. Kalyuzhny Valyansky in his book "The Other History of Russia" cite a list of true Slavic names of their selected from archival records that are worn by our ancestors before Christianization, and we are reading them, as if traveling on the map of our country. See for yourself: Argun gorge -, Volga — the river, my mother — Barrow, Pechora — river, Shaban — mountain, Montenegro — mountain Ahun — mountain, and then Shipka, scandium, Tarkhan, comforting … And all this — Slavic names. Rivers such as the Don, Dnieper, Dniester, related to the Slavic name of Dan, and the goddess of water.
What kind of name is immortalized in the title of the ridge and the eponymous Thamaha settlement with him? In ancient times our ancestors word "ha" means positive and masculine, while the word "TCA" meant intuitive feminine (hence Ha-Tha — is balanced system). So we have to look no hero, heroine, who lived in ancient times, in our places.
And such a great woman was found. According to Slavic chronicles and legends of our heroine's life story unfolded so. In the 6th century BC Persian King Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great) of the Achaemenid dynasty, invaded the Caucasus. By this time he had already conquered all the countries of the Syr Darya and the Himalayas to the Aegean islands. To conquer new lands, he could only go to the north, which he did, but there his hordes were defeated Queen of the Saks-masagetov (this will explain, not the self-name of our ancestors, and the name, Russ received this land from the Greeks.) Her name Siromahoy.
Queen Siromahova literally means — a widow (orphan) Poles, because the word "siry" has the meaning lonely. Of the same old stories, we know that her husband was a great Slavic king Max, uniting disparate kind of our ancestors in a powerful state. The borders of the Slavic kingdom extended from the Don and Donets to the Caspian Sea, where the boundary ran along the river Araks.
In the area of the Aras in 529 BC Battle of the Saks-Massagets (ancient Rus) with the Persian hordes, captivated Cyrus was executed.
Now for a passage from Herodotus, which confirms the tale itself, and the fact that Cyrus was going to pass it Arax: "Above Massagets ruled a certain woman, whose name was Tamaris, which means that she was a widow after the death of her husband. Cyrus sent her an offer that she married him. But Tamaris, and understood that he did not want to marry her, and to her kingdom, rejected the proposal. Then, as his ruse failed, close to Aras and Cyrus made a public campaign against Massagetae. He made a bridge across the river and built a tower on the ships that were to serve as a ferry. "
It remains to deal with the name Tamaris. Herodotus probably copied from a scroll the name of Queen of the Babylonian priests during his visit to Babylon. Time was running out in a hurry, and the Persian language he did not know, used a translator, most likely local Greek. Translator was not very large literate in ancient Persian cuneiform. He knew the letters, alphabet, and not much more. In short, the translator of Herodotus did not consider that the Persians did not write the sentence from left to right, and the other way around. So Herodotus appeared in records instead SIRIMAT Tamaris, or more precisely — SIRIMAF. Cuneiform instead SIROMAH (A) managed to convey SIRIMAT.
The word "widow" did not exist, it is replaced with the word "siromaha", "orphan", meaning — "lonely", "abandoned." It is possible that the name of the people "Sarmatia" also comes from "sirmaty", "siromahi", ie these are the Slavic tribes that were "sirymi" lonely after the death of King Maha …
Let's return to our heroine, Queen Siromahe. What a pity that did not survive its common name.
18 years after the death of Cyrus Darius I, the new ruler of Persia, our ancestors decided to punish the death of his predecessor, and in 513 BC marched through the Bosporus and the Danube in the northern Black Sea. Queen Siromaha (Tamaris) was still alive. It is known that she had participated in the council of elders, and she is rumored to have an idea to lure the Persians into the steppe, followed by ignition of grass and "partisan" war. Chief prince of Russ was then king Kanysh, and commanded the troops on the battlefield, son of former Queen Vinamir.
Name the greatest queen of her contemporaries have tried to perpetuate the tradition of the geographical name of the Caucasus — and not somewhere on the outskirts of her realm, and in the central part. That's the explanation the name "Tha-Mach," that is the queen of Tha, wife of King Maha. This is indirectly confirmed by the presence in the area of large ancient tombs. Mounds abound around Thamahi.
They are there just thousands, most simply earthen mounds, some lined with stones on top, but there is a defined funeral stones and memorial stones are then only by great men. Around the vast valley, located at the foot of the ridge on the mountain tops, the ruins of stone watchtowers. Conveniently this place and in communications — roads lead and towards the Hot Key (now is not in good shape), to the sea, and in the steppe zone, in Krasnodar.
Such a place was beneficial in terms of protection from surprise attacks, as the valley is surrounded by mountain ranges. Maybe the queen, and was buried somewhere near? There's a huge mound, located right in the valley. But the question we have to answer is archaeologists.
Her nickname may have been the name of a new kind — sirmahov distorted by the Greeks in the Sarmatians. Similarly, her grandson Ostavr (422 BC) gave the family name brands of tribes (Stavrou), which mainly engaged in cattle breeding. His name was named Peninsula Tauris (now the Crimea).
We present stories about the Queen, written off YP Mirolyubovo with beech slats and published abroad (with a few omissions).
Legend of Queen Siromahovu
When not in Russia became king Maha, all the ashes went. The cattle died, the robbers attacked from all sides and take people into slavery. Cried Russ:
— Siromahi (Sarmatians) we are poor! There is no one from the enemy we now harrow!
She heard the weeping widow queen and said so:
— … Almost argue? I'll be your boss. And who does not obey me, to take off his head at all!
Rushed here from afar and messengers brought bad news that the king of Weil [Babylonian] Kiryakov goes to Russia with his army and killed many guards already noon.
Called queen Siromahova son Boguraza, ordered to go in the south, and find out at the enemy with his crafty schemes.
Prince went Boguraz search Weill. Those clever, the way left, hiding in the mountains and on the road convoys left. And in the wagon train — clay jars and jugs — old wine, strong. Boguraz prince flew with his army on transports, well taken, drank wine, and then fell asleep in Budyak yes the sun.
Here them, drunk, Vail and chopped and Boguraza taken captive. Recovered Boguraz Tsarevich, and bitter zatuzhil zakruchinilsya that so blundered and allowed himself to take a drunk.
A queen Siromaha alone proznala, placed over the army's youngest son Vinamira and rushed to the rescue. Two days went on, but too late — killed Weill Prince.
Cried Mother Siromahova, and then on Kiryakov-king attacked, his army was defeated, and the king captured in full.
Kiryakov led to the queen, and she said to him:
— You almost ruined my son Boguraza? Postal come drink krovushki Russian? A wanted blood, so will you!
And told me to cut off the captive queen Weill head, and drink the blood of their king-Kiryakov fill.
And when his drink so that he became drunk, took off with his head, so that others continue to teach it to Russ covet.
For a long time the Queen Mother Siromahova grandfathers our rules and courts ryadila righteous. And more than once with Weill grandfathers fought that war to Russia went, but could not beat them either grandparents or enslave our Rus.
Invasion oyranskogo king Kiryakov
And there was the ancestor of our queen, and her name was queen Siromahova. Russian ratification is collected, put his son Vinamira governor and sent them to the enemy.
What the dust gets on the steppe, and where crow flies? And it flies in the pickings ambulance, feels the death of many brave warriors. And flying messengers greyhounds, all carry the mandate of the queen, told to leave by midnight in dark forests, hiding in the beams, so that the cattle have not got an enemy, that enemy of the people do not have, do not hit him, not with small old mutilated Slavic not shed blood.
Oh, do not cry, do not cry, mother of Russian, when to cross your name detushek not kill for him prematurely. Kohl keep them Perun, gate, and fall like heroes, with glory, to go to the meadow Iriy Svarog. Perun himself to meet them to arrive on a white as snow, horse, and would lead them to their heavenly mansions.
Wagons turned to midnight, went the horses, cows, bulls, sheep, calves were pulled in the dense forest, there to oyrantsev of [the Iranians] to hide, to wait neminuchuyu trouble.
And flying over the steppe horsemen, cry and throw in all directions:
— All those who are young, — go to battle!
— Everyone who is strong, go to battle! Come defend Russian land!
We go to the aid of the Serbs go slavutane from Dnipro shirokago, people go to the Carpathian Mountains, in a hurry they Dopomoha us! Hold on, brother, to defend the Russian land, do not give gate of!
And the two forces clashed threatening, if the two waves in the steppe sea. Then pounded arrows are sharp, dagger gleamed copper, poured hot blood on the ground. Warriors beat until the evening, and one day, and another, and a third, only when darkness descends on their journeys diverge.
And they took captive Russ himself Kiryakov-king with the governors and led them to the queen.
In the photo: A memorial stone near the mounds around Thamahi.
newspaper "Red Star".
From the Editor:
Regular readers of the Krasnodar region submitted to the Journal story about the ancient history of the Russian lands. Knowing him makes you wonder how deprived of historical memory of modern Russians information about our distant past, the origins of the Slavic culture.