A European Alliance, you say? In-1's, he is not far from the split, and in-2, if any, and keep it, it's Germany. And in return, donate a portion of its own budget, it vytorguet political privileges for itself, does not even hesitate. Completely possible that the EU will and the German President. But it is, by the way of hegemony.
All over the world there is currently a "parade of sovereignties". Whether live Boris, he would have laughed and said, in the West took with me and fellow Kravchuk and Shushkevich example.
In China riot Uighurs. More precisely, there is in favor of "independence" of terrorists from East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM) and the East Turkestan Education and Solidarity Association (ETESA). The Chinese speaking Uighur Islamists ruthlessly suppressed.
In Quebec, the election on September 4 overpowered separatists «Parti Quebecois», advocating for department Province of Canada. In the last game twice suit referendum on separation: in 1980 and 1995. In the first plebiscite against the secession of Quebec voted 59.6% of the voters, while the second — 50.6%. In general, the separatists win now does not mean that the population of Quebec and intensively in full favor department Province of Canada. According to a not so long ago survey of public opinion, only 28% of Quebecers support the idea of the independence of the province. Still, the victory party of separatists states a lot.
In 2014, the referendum will be held on Scottish independence. The vote will make a single question: "Do you want total independence?" And British Prime Minister David Cameron and the first minister of Scotland Alex Salmond have signed an agreement that will be allowed to vote to all Scots over 16 years. But the Scots teenage listed as the main supporters of sovereignty.
Even Texas, and that boils. Other radicals where consider, that civilians for war department this privileged state — is inevitable. For example, Tom Head, the referee and the chief administrator of the neighborhood of Lubbock County, in public, through the press, Obama warned of the likely civilian war — in the case of re-election of the latter. At the moment, the arbitrator says deputies that plainclothes war is imminent, and it will follow immediately after the re-election of Obama. Therefore, one should prepare for the "worst", in other words, to "civil mess, a civilian disobedience" and perhaps even "war". Arbitrator Tom Head and Commissioner Mark Heinrich said that the insurgency disaffected Obama Texans will be to suppress the soldiery of UN peacekeeping. But this is not going to let Mr. in his home state and the Lubbock County war: "… So, I get up in front of their armored personnel carrier and say," Man, there's nothing here for you to do. "
All this, of course, due to the pre-election situation. Still, Texas — State not only special at their own political status, and the town is very hot people. Here love is not only shoot, and the look on the death penalty, which with pleasure subjected even a half-witted. By the way, both Bush — came from Texas.
Besides the U.S., Canada, England and China, the "parade of sovereignties" can touch and smaller countries — for example, Spain. There have long been dreaming to become independent and Catalonia Country Basques. At the last elections in nedavneshnih again defeated Nationalists. Most of the votes received Basque Nationalist Party.
In Belgium, the Flemish nationalists after the elections to local authorities in Flanders issued an ultimatum to the Government. They claimed transformation of the country into a confederation. October 14 this bluntly favorite of the party "New Flemish Alliance" Bart De Wever, which received 38% of the vote in Antwerp and virtually took control of the second-largest economic center of the country. He said that the party "has become the party of Flanders naikrupneyshey after the second world war", which "has received a vote of confidence for the Flemings out of the economic and political crisis." Flemish politician stressed that with the French-speaking Wallonia in Belgium, part of it out of the way: "We have two cultures and two democracies … Our nationalism — is not a goal but a means to their democracy movement in Flanders."
Does it make sense to remember about Yugoslavia — More precisely, about what she was reincarnated and continues to transform, despite the fact that the Balkans is growing Wahhabi Islamism? Fewer recall the "velvet divorce" of Czechoslovakia, Divided January 1, 1993 into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Certainly, as this divorce — peaceful, although most of the Czechs and Slovaks voted against it. (The latter does not mean anything, people in the Soviet Union on the corresponding referendum also advocated the Alliance).
But there is still Two of Sudan, Libya, with its Cyrenaica, in the end, the possibility of a world map of KurdistanWorld … There was not a hint. The split Syria on religious enclaves of Kurds, Druze, Shiites and Sunnis — one of the immediate tasks of the U.S..
And often there are voices in the world of the separatists, who consider the "parade of sovereignties" panacea for the financial crisis. Separatists are increasingly coming to power, if they make up a democratic system of elections. It is one thing — an authoritarian China, ruthlessly cracking down on Uighurs and limiting their religious origin, another thing — Europe or the United States.
Before we move on to of, let's say a few words about federalism and its opponents. The federal structure implies equal rights actors in the country. Enemies of the federal structure that guarantees the subjects of a legal and political independence, almost more than the followers. Federation does not necessarily mean a strong government.
Very indicative the example of Indonesia, a country with a population of 190 million people, whose length — almost 5 thousand kilometers. The complexity of management here is that its territory is divided into 13,500 islands, and the culture is very heterogeneous. Freed from the Netherlands, the Indonesian rulers decided to introduce a federal system there — and that after all? Of strongest internal conflicts, culminating in the massacre had arranged by the Dayak Kalimantan, nearly destroyed the country. In the end, the country has become clear favorites: Kalimantan granting autonomy will lead to her following the separation from Indonesia. It is true enemies of federalism triumphed.
s arguments, opponents of federalization lead following reasons. In 1-x, the federalization of the country is not safe for the collapse of fiefdoms. In-2, these are just the most Duchy slide into neo-feudalism. B-3, from the federalization would be worse than poor regions of the country, and rich is better. Fourth, increase the number of local officials and, accordingly, the cost of maintaining them.
All this can be the correct and incorrect.
Can dissolve and unitary country. The rising costs of bureaucratic apparatus is unrealistic to predict, as the "vertical of power" — this is not an example of the principle of federalism, as it is often said. Federalism — This is just a "horizontal", where the central government and national governments decide to various tasks that should not be duplicated.
The problem of poor regions which can fully addressed specifically in federalism. In general, from the excesses and distortions then no one is safe. For example, the financing costs of Chechnya from the federal budget of the Russian Federation up to 90%. There is nothing unusual in the fact that so many resent subsidizing.
As for the specific warlords, separatism and neo-feudalism, these failures and in fact may occur with the latest, powerful force — it is necessary to speak about the "independence", "renewal", "revival" — in short, about how what began in his time to speak on TV comrade Gorbachev recognized peacemaker in which nationalists in the Soviet Union took heart. For the "revival" is usually immediately follows the thesis of the party's "independence." A good example of a vague perestroika times — Lithuanian SSR. Thence movement "Sąjūdis" first advocated the perestroika and glasnost, and then, in the elections of 1990, advocated department Lithuania from the Russian Union.
But the Soviet Union has long been there, geographically the problem was the "smaller". It is now arguing about how bad federalism in Russia: after all, the Wahhabis do not cease to conduct clandestine war in the Caucasus, the incidents with the Islamists began to take place in Tatarstan. According to public statistics, which can be obtained in the web of the regions, where Islamist militants and Muslim radicals in general, the Russian population out (you also see that the second premise of decrease in the Russian regions is problematic and low fertility). In 2002, Russian in Chechnya was 3.7% of the population in 2010 remained 1.9%. In Kabardino-Balkaria, in 1989, Russian was 31.9%, in 2002 — 25.1%, in 2010 — 22.5%. In Ingushetia, the Russian left by 2010 only 0.8%: most of them ran out of there because of the Chechen conflict, instead it settled migrants from Chechnya and North Ossetia. In Dagestan, Russia in 1979 amounted to 11.64%, in 1989 — is 9.21%, in 2002 — only 4.69%, in 2010 — 3.60%.
In other areas — you can take, for example, Tatarstan, Mordovia, Udmurtia or other republics — the state of the problem or not, or it is not as acute as in the Caucasus conflict, fueled by the way, from abroad. In Udmurtia, Russian and quite arrived: in 1989 Russia accounted for 58.87% of the total population, in 2002 — 60.12%, in 2010 — 62.20%.
But there is a perception as if separatism over time — in all the republics of the Russian Federation — will be the force that will destroy the government. A prerequisite for a possible collapse of the Russian Federation will be just the federal principle. "Parade of sovereignties" — this is something that could be at a certain independence equal subjects. Do not be a federation firmly obey for himself center of all, get rid of it completely totalitarian republics and finish all the protests (perhaps just as the Chinese central government with guns tames Uighur), there would be no government, no religious difficulties. Though what the "rebirth" gasilos would at the very embryo.
The opponents of federalism offer tough policy options: to make our homeland could continue on the path to greatness, it is very necessary to curtail the powers of the republics or else completely abolish the nation-state formation, wrong pestuemye since Soviet times. In the unlikely event that the country will face, as mentioned above: the dominance of warlords in the republics, neofeudalism (so that there is "neo" — the most common, medieval, with a heavy slave labor, which is practiced in Chechnya), and aspirations to independence or republic, or to "correct" the redistribution of the federal budget.
We will not add up, and even more so to impose their own world view, but offer to answer questions readers. Please Participate in the poll and elect one of the suggested answers. Thank you.