Two frigates for the week: Chinese project 054A

Despite the fact that the Chinese New Year (Lunar) comes a few weeks after we, the military and industry of China could not help noting the coming of 2013. In the last days of the past year in order Navy People's Liberation Army of China, includes two new ship.

Two frigates for the week: Chinese project 054A

December 22 in the Northern Fleet naval frigate was adopted Linyi, built in accordance with the project 054A. The ship was built at the shipyard Guangzhou Huangpu Shipbuiding Sompany. In the process of building a new frigate has undergone some changes. So, initially it was planned that it will be another warship project 054. But after the start of the assembly control of the PLA Navy has decided to change the program from construction. As a result, Linyi was not the third ship of the initial project 054, and the 13th in the series of frigate 054A. New frigate was launched on December 13, 2011, almost a year after being completed and tested.

During the three day or to Linyi frigate at the shipyard Hudong Shipyard was launching the ship of the same project Liuzhou. Despite the small advance in the timing of the descent, the ship Liuzhou was adopted into service later his own brother. Ceremony of its adoption into service of the Southern fleet was accomplished on December 26. So Makar, Linyi and Liuzhou Steel twelfth and thirteenth ship of Project 054A. Noteworthy that only for 2012 year PLA Navy received four such frigates. Seven Project 054A frigates were built at the Shanghai factory Hudong Shipyard, others — in Guangzhou, the shipyard Guangzhou Huangpu Shipbuiding Sompany.

After the December ceremonies, the total number of frigates and 054 projects 054A equivalent of 15. Two of them were built in accordance with the project 054, the other — on the refreshed 054A. 6 ships on the currently serves on the eastern and southern fleets, three — in the North. The first two ships of the family belonging to the project 054, were put into operation in 2005 and 2006. Transfer of Navy frigates of Project 054A comes with 2008. In the late spring and summer of 2012 at both shipyards were launched two frigates «054A», which at the present time are tested. In addition, in late November in Shanghai was launched next ship. At the moment it is being completed at the quay wall. So Makar, all have reason to believe that the stocks at 2-yards is still a certain amount of ships in various stages of completion.

Two frigates for the week: Chinese project 054A

The main objective pursued in the development of projects 054 and 054A, was the substitution of obsolete frigates of Project 053, made even early 70-ies of the last century. In the design of the project refreshed 054A Chinese development organizations working in cooperation with the Russian Northern Design Bureau. As a result, such cooperation is said to have managed to make the project 054A modern look and perform it in accordance with the new trends of the ships of this class.

During the processing of the initial draft 054 frigates nekordinalno increased dimensions: length increased by two meters and was 134 m, and the case has widened to 16 meters. By filling the additional volumes of various equipment and payload displacement frigates of Project 054A palpably grown in comparison with the initial project. For example, the default value of this index has increased from 3,500 to 3,600 tons, and the largest — in 3900 to 4050 tonnes. With all this power plant ship endured minor configuration. Like their predecessors, the Project 054A frigates are equipped with 4 diesel engines SEMT Pielstick 16 PA6V-280, produced in France. The total capacity of such power plants exceeds 25 thousand horsepower. The torque is transmitted to the two engines propellers. Four diesel engine offers the highest speed of less than 28-30 knots. At economical speed of 18 knots frigate can overcome about 3800 miles. The crew of the frigates 054A and 054 projects consists of 160 people.

It is alleged that the project 054A frigates carry a full set of all the necessary electronic equipment. So, they are equipped with radars "Type 382", set up to review the surrounding space, and the stations "Type 344" and the "Type 345". Last designed for the detection and tracking of targets, and to control and anti-aircraft missiles antiship respectively. In addition, the frigates «054A» equipped with sonar, navigation systems, electronic intelligence complexes and oppression. All electrical systems are connected frigates voedinyzhdy combat information and control system Thomson-CSF TAVITAC French production. To transfer data between the various units of electrical equipment used HN-900 bus.

Two frigates for the week: Chinese project 054A

Two frigates for the week: Chinese project 054A

The main innovation in the project 054A, relating to weapons is a universal vertical launcher that allows you to immediately carry and use up to 32 different classes of missiles. Regular equipment of this installation are anti-aircraft missiles HQ-16 is a copy of Russian / Russian missile complex "Book". Such missiles provide self-defense ship at a distance of 25-30 km. The main means to fight the enemy ships are anti-ship cruise missiles YJ-83. With a slightly large size in comparison with anti-aircraft missiles HQ-16, anti-YJ-83 can engage targets at a range of about 200 km. Barreled weapons frigates of Project 054A consists of a single artillery gun PJ26 with the gun caliber 76 mm (created on the basis of Russian / Russian AK-176) and 2-seven-barreled 30-mm anti-aircraft machine "Type 730". Also in the armed frigates includes two 324-mm torpedo tubes and jet bombometnye set to fight the enemy submarines.

At the rear of the superstructure frigates Project 054A provided hangar, the volume of which can carry a helicopter Harbin Z-9C, the Ka-27 or similar. Roll-out of the helicopter on the deck of the take-off area is done through the huge doors at the back of the hangar. Based on available data, not including the very helicopter in a hangar can be placed in various antisubmarine and antiship weapons used by helicopters.

In 2009, there were reports about the end of the development of the next version of Project 054. According to various sources, the first ship Project 054A + (as indicated by the index «054B») at the current time being completed and will soon be launched. Project with the letter «A +» or «B» 054A differs from the composition of electronic equipment, the use of military information and control system and, perhaps, weapons. All have reason to believe the introduction of new models of anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles. Yet, while the official Chinese sources are silent and do not reveal the technical details of the project 05
4A +.

If the rumors in 2009 to begin construction of the first ship of the project 054A + correspond to reality, then, most recently, worth the wait, at least, its launching. At the same time, there are no official data on this ship yet, and Chinese sailors in the current time prefer to "show off" new frigates project 054A.

According to the materials of websites:
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://china-defense.blogspot.ru/
http://sinodefence.com/
http://china-defense-mashup.com/

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