In Asia and the United States identified a new disease, which causes symptoms that are very similar to AIDS, but that has nothing to do with HIV. This disturbing news reported «New England Journal of Medicine».
Epidemiologists do not yet know how to treat a mysterious illness. Dr. Sarah Brown (Sarah Browne) of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases says that the patients had symptoms of immune deficiency, as well as people with HIV infection, but the new disease is not contagious.
Scientists do not exclude the possibility that the disease may cause some unknown microbes, but so far everything indicates that an unknown disease is not transmitted from person to cheloveku.Novoe disease occurs only in adults, most often around the age of 50 years. We also learned that the disease is not hereditary and not the result of genetic mutations. Death occurs due to excessive accumulation of infection in the body, which the body can not cope with a weakened immune system.
In Asia, the disease is most common in Thailand and Taiwan, but foci were found in Vietnam. Some patients are now being treated at the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. One of the patients of this center — 62-year-old Vietnamese Nguyen Kim from Tennessee. When she arrived, her body was relaxed, there was no appetite, she lost a third of body weight, it suffers from headaches, nausea and fainting.
However, after a year of treatment, it could spasti.Novaya disease attacks the body differently than the HIV virus that causes AIDS. Unknown bacterium breaks regulatory T cells which retain the immune system from attacking its own tissues, resulting in the patient's immune system is completely destroyed.
Having surveyed more than 200 people in Thailand and Taiwan, Dr. Brown concluded that in addition a new disease inhibits gamma-interferon, which also plays an important role in the human immune system (prevents immune cells when the body are pathogenic microbes).
As a result, the effect is very similar to the destructive "work" of the HIV virus: the patient loses all resistance to the effects of micro-organisms — viruses, bacteria and parasites. But most of all the organism is susceptible to attacks acid-fast bacilli (such as those that cause tuberculosis).
Unfortunately, the treatment of diseases mysterious antibiotics are not always effective. Some doctors try to treat patients with anti-cancer drugs, but even if such a patient and be able to save, the disease becomes chronic when a person's immune system is weakened steadily.