Mr. Orlov, I would like to go back to the question of "Europeanness" of Belarus. Sometimes your arguments are obtained by "lame." Well, what with the fact that some of the Belarusian lands studied at Western universities? His was not, and went there, when his father had the money …
Withpyarsha, Mr. Skeptic, those whom you call "someone from the Belarusian land." If you believe that it is single cases or, say, a few dozen young people, then, I'm sorry, "limp" starts your position.
According to the science behind the sun and drove hundreds of thousands of young men, Lithuanians. Among them were aristocrats, but the vast majority were children of middle class and gentry.
Already at the time of Algirdas and Vytautas was producing educating our young people in the universities of Prague and Krakow. Parish registers Karlovy alma mater only the XV — the first half of the XVI century, preserved the names of 33 students from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. From 1364 began its life history of Cracow University, who carried out after Jagiello reform was the institution as Poland, the Crown and the Duchy. For the "Lithuanians" and "Rusyn" at the Jagiellonian alma mater acted special seminary student. During the XV-XVI centuries there studied about 500 people from our lands, with about half of the graduates received a bachelor's degree.
It is known that at the same time Skarina in Krakow mastered the sciences John and Paul from Grodno, Stanislaus of dumpling, Vintses from Slutsk, Nicholas of Oshmjany, Mark, with Nemiga. A little later, George went there with Zabalotstsya. (Zhluktsyachy beer in there the taverns, he still had no idea what would become the author of Samogitian "Catechism", which then Prosper Merimee remember in the novel "Lokis" that you have read, working on the film "Masakra" in his invention of the bulb-genre of horror, film director Andrew Kudinenko.)
Magnateriya often sent sons to the ancient prestigious universities. Preference was given to Italy, especially in Bologna and Padua, which were centers of Renaissance thought. Later, in connection with the expansion of Reformation ideas, training has become increasingly popular in Protestant countries.
You, Mr. Skeptic, are not quite right and that there was to learn in the Fatherland. The first academy with university status — Wilensky — really took students only in 1579. (However, based on the initiative of Simeon of Polotsk Moscow Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy opened its doors in 1687-m) But by the Grand Duchy was covered with a dense network of schools and the Collegium of different levels.
Collegium gave higher education, which is not much different from the university. Polotsk, for example, several semesters taught university courses poetics and rhetoric outstanding Latin scholar and poet-philosopher of the first half of the XVII century Maciej Kazimierz Sarbevsky. It was there that he established the study of ancient mythology, "The gods of the pagan nations," and the book "Poetics", which was predetermined European glory. Poetry, by the way, he considered the scope of spiritual freedom, and she created the art world — the ideal reality that exists alongside the world that gave birth to God's will.
After a few years of teaching rhetoric in Polotsk came Lavksmin Sigismund, whose book "Practical rhetoric" after the publication in the ON eleven times in the printing came out of Prague, Vienna, Munich, Frankfurt … It must be read and homegrown modern politician. "Language — a reflection of the soul — wrote Lavksmin. — According to the language and we know where we are, and we know of others. "
It is extremely interesting (and instructive) to trace the fate of those who are educated in Western universities. Someone stayed to teach. At the end of the fifteenth century in Krakow alma mater taught a course on "Ethics" and "metaphysics" of Aristotle's Master Jan Bridges. The famous memoirs Fedor Evlashovski wrote with pride that his son served the princes of the Hanseatic League in Mantua. Unfortunately, it is unknown what happened to Ian vilnyaninam Philippovich that Balonni became a doctor of law.
But already mentioned Maciej Kazimierz Sarbevsky while studying and living in Rome earned the name of "Christian Horace" and the first Slavic pope got out of hand Vrbana VIII laurel wreath on Capitol Hill. It seems to be live — do not want. Yes, friends and zdivivshy vzradavavshy there the poets Sarbevsky went home. Frustrated dad gave him before leaving a gold chain with his own portrait. Gift of the Earth governor of St. Peter did not stop the robbers, who twice robbed and beaten new Horace on European roads. But Sarbevsky back in Polotsk, then took the position of dean of the philosophical and theological faculties of the Vilnius Academy. Add that one of the editions of his poems — Antwerp — illustrated Rubens.
Historical documents show that received a European education, young Lithuanians almost always returned home. In the spirit of the Renaissance humanist tradition they were intended to serve primarily their country and their people. As Francis Skoryna, Nicholas Gusovsky … A graduate of the University of Leipzig Lev Sapieha was a great chancellor. Nicholas Radziwill Orphan that studyyavav science in Strasbourg and Tübingen, and became the patron of the writer and native Shults turned into a small Paris …
And what word would say our current students "Europeans"?