October 23, 2012 5:48
It is now believed that the Italian Galileo invented the telescope about three hundred years ago, using the lens sixteenth century by Dutch masters. Untreated lens of an earlier time have been found in Crete and Asia Minor. Age of about 2000 years before Christ.
Very thin 1000 year elliptical lenses were found at the site on the island of Gotland Viking probably made the Byzantine or Eastern European artists. Roman writers Pliny and Seneca mention lenses, engravers. Lenses are usually used to make fire, to enlarge and even points, writes sunhome.ru
Interest of mankind to observe astronomical phenomena in the sky, has a long history, so why did it take so long time to make the first telescope. One archaeological find suggests that perhaps the Europeans were not the first manufacturers of telescopes.
Museum of Peru (ICA Museum) has a stone engraving of the human figure, which, according to at least five hundred years. Explores the figure of the sky with a telescope in his hands. In addition, the engraving is also a celestial body, possibly a comet with a tail, which is likely, watching figure. This unique discovery calls into question the assertion that the Europeans invented the telescope for the first time in the sixteenth century.
If the stone in the museum ICA (Peru) really shows the telescope, and these devices have been distributed around the globe, this could help scientists understand why the Dogon (a tribe in Africa) to develop such advanced astronomical knowledge. Dogon tribe lives in a large rotation of the river in southern Nigeria, Mali, in West Africa. They are mostly rural and nomadic life. With no written language, they transmit knowledge orally from generation to generation. In their religious doctrine, which is over 400 years old, has been accurately described by the star, which is called in modern astronomy — Sirius B, a companion star Sirius. This surprised astronomers today.
Sirius B is invisible to human eyes. Based on observations, using the equipment and discovered Sirius B in the 19th century. Dogon people probably did not have any modern technological tools, but from generation to generation, they passed on the legend of Sirius, which include a reference to the Sirius system consisting of two stars. According to legend, the little star is very hard and it revolves around the star Sirius in an elliptical orbit. Some elderly people may draw Dogon orbits of the two stars, and they are very similar to the study of modern astronomers. This example shows that the Dogon people keep knowledge of astronomy from ancient times.
Engraving on stone in Peru, as well as astronomical knowledge of the Dogon people, shows that previous human civilization with the highest level of knowledge and techniques. Modern science is often only repeated discoveries of ancient knowledge. Let's look at some of the techniques of "flight" that the ancients knew.
In ancient Chinese books made records of flights in the Spring and Autumn period (770-475 BC), when Liu Bang created the airplanes. In Mozi · Luwen there is a record, "Liu Bang cut bamboo and wood, and made a wooden bird. She remained in the sky for three days. " Lu Ban also made a large wooden kite flying to spy on the enemy in the war. In Hunshu is the line: "Lu Ban made wooden snake to spy on the city in the state of Sun." In addition, Liu Bang made aircraft. According Yuyan Zazu (Collected Essays from Yuyan) of the Tang Dynasty, Liu Bang once worked far away from their hometown. He greatly missed his wife, and made a wooden bird. After a few alterations wooden snake was finally able to take off. Liu Bang went home for the snake to meet up with his wife. He returned to work the next day.
There was also an interesting example of the West. In 1898, the French archaeologist Lorette, excavated a wooden bird from ancient Egyptian tombs in Saqqara. It was dated around 200 BC As in 1898, people had no concept of flying, it was labeled as "wooden bird" and gathered dust for more than 70 years in the museum in Cairo. In 1969, Khalil Messiha, an Egyptian doctor, who loved making models, happened to see it. This wooden bird Messihu reminded of his earlier experience of creating models of aircraft. He thought that it was not just a bird, because she had no claws, feathers and horizontal tail feathers. Surprisingly, its tail standing upright, and it had a cross-section of the airfoil, which qualified it as a model airplane. He made a copy. Although he did not know how ancient Egyptians used it to fly, but when he left the model, I found that it can be planned. Further testing showed that she not only could plan, but also similar to modern gliders.
Later, scientists found that the model was similar to modern gliders with propellers that can fly through the air on their own. With a small engine, they can fly at speeds of 45-65 miles per hour (72-105 kilometers per hour), and can even carry considerable weight. Since ancient Egyptian artisans used to build the model before the construction of real objects, it is possible that this type of wood used to transport the birds, just like a wooden flying kite made Lu Ban.
Modern research flights began about 200 years ago. In 1903, after the Wright Brothers made the first successful flight with the crew, began to formulate a theory of aviation. However, Liu Bang and the ancient Egyptians seemed to know how to use these theories in antiquity. This situation gives cause to reconsider the history of mankind. Perhaps the ancients knew more than we think.
Another discovery is even more amazing. It points out that the area of development of ancient people, perhaps exceeded airspace, and possibly even reached space.
In 1959, the U.S. has successfully obtained the first images of the Earth from satellites. She was not very good, but it was the first time people have seen our planet from a distance (17 000 miles). Since then, a large number of scientific studies using satellite imagery. Among them there is one picture that is truly amazing.
Scientists have found a camera on the spacecraft Cairo and photographed from space. Displaying pictures showed amazing scenes. Since the lens of the camera was focused on Cairo, all of the areas focused on Cairo 5000 miles in diameter, were very clear. However, the objects beyond 5,000 miles were unclear. This is because the earth is spherical, the continents and the plains begin to blur and bend, being far from the center.
For example, the continent of South America was extended in the photo. The same rules apply to images taken by astronauts from the moon. However, when the researchers compared the pictures from the satellites to the ancient Turkish card, to his surprise, they found a distinct similarity. Cordillera were covered with ice and snow for hundreds of years, and were not mapped until 1952, when scientists using sonar, were able to do it. However, they appeared on the old map, belonging to Admiral Peary Ray, Turkish naval commander. In addition, the card just made a record loop, longitude and latitude and the American and African continents. Ironically, the map was made in the 16th century, based on an even more ancient maps.
This surprising discovery shocked many scientists. After further research, they concluded that: 1) This card was based on the six ancient maps, and 2) all the old cards used the same methods, which require knowledge planometrii 3) ancient maps focused on Cairo. It's pretty clear that the cards Admiral Peary Ray demanded of advanced technologies, such as today. However, until the 16th century people only mastered celestial navigation techniques, and airspace was definitely out of their knowledge. What technologies are used by the ancient people of the world to make such accurate maps? Is it possible that they used to fly in the sky?