Anwar Sadat became president of Egypt in 1970 after the death of Gamal Abdel Nasser, who ruled the country almost two decades. All these time Sadat, Nasser was in the shade, trying not to show his political ambitions. At the time many of his contemporaries considered him a weak man, devoid of any ambition. "Nasser's poodle" — the name of his associates zaglazno. About 7 years old Anwar Sadat served as chairman of the State Assembly, and in 1969 he was appointed vice-president.
In 1967, the Egyptian army suffered a crushing defeat in the Six-Day War. Israel responded to the military production of Syria, Egypt, Jordan, and Iraq's massive hit: in the first day were also destroyed more than three hundred Egyptian and Syrian aircraft was destroyed 7th Egyptian Division. For a few days the Israeli army managed to capture the Gaza Strip and Sinai.
After the death of Nasser, Sadat became president of Egypt and did not let the reins out of their hands, until he was killed by conspirators in 1981. During the election campaign, he promised to return the Egyptians lost terrain. But contrary to expectations, the new favorite of many politicians and military in no hurry to start a war with the latest Israel. Managed to extend the truce, but the danger of renewed conflict between countries persisted. Meanwhile, Sadat continued to strengthen friendly relations with the Soviet Union. In March 1971 the head of the country arrived in Moscow on an official visit. "Our friendship with the Soviet Union is not temporary, but fundamentally friendship, not stage care, and immutable. It has been and always will be performing together in a single world anti-imperialist front" — said Sadat during the 1 st of their own public statements. Egypt was in need of additional supplies of Russian weapons. In addition, the country was already in Russian air group aircraft, which assist the Egyptians to repel Israeli air raids in February 1970.
Anwar Sadat believed that Soviet military aid to Egypt is insufficient. Meanwhile, in Moscow to give preference to the pro-Soviet Secretary General of the Arab Socialist Union, Ali Sarbu, seen as a contender to be the new head of the country. Sarbu and his associates were arrested in May 1971 on charges of trying to municipal coup. And in 1972, Sadat began rolling military-technical cooperation with the Soviet Union, relying on a rapprochement with the United States. A huge impact on decision-making in foreign policy president provided his Cypriot wife Jihan Sadat, pleading for the coming convergence with the West. In July 1972, the Russian military contingent were asked to leave Egypt. Immediately, the Office of Egypt continued to prepare for war with Israel for the return of the Sinai Peninsula. War Judgment day or broke out in October 1973. Egypt and Syria have dealt a sudden blow to the Israeli military bases and airfields in the Yom Kippur prazdnichek all Jews. Yet, the Israeli Defense Army was able to recover pretty quickly from the blow and move to the offensive. By October 19 the Israelis managed to inflict a defeat of the Egyptian army tangible: the way to Cairo was open. Thanks to the intervention of the Union of Russian, who was not interested in the complete defeat of the Arab armies, the two sides agreed to a cease-fire. A huge impact on the upcoming resolution of the conflict between Egypt and Israel were the United States. Municipal Secretary G.A.Kissendzher initiated negotiations on the delimitation of powers. Only 18 January 1974 disengagement agreement on the Sinai front was signed.
First, in November 1977 Sadat suddenly appeared before the Egyptian Parliament an initiative to start peace talks with Israel. Soon, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, Egyptian President officially invited to come Jerusalem. In the course of our own historic visit to Israel, Sadat laid out the main conditions for the recognition by Egypt of the Jewish country. He claimed the return of all Arab territories occupied by Israel in 1967. First, the negotiations were not crowned with success. In August, 1968 president U.S. Carter organized a meeting of the heads of 2-countries at Camp David, which was signed two documents: "The base of the world in the Middle East" and "The base for the conclusion of peace treaty between Egypt and Israel." Sadat managed to achieve a full return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt. The peace deal between countries, ending the war was signed on March 26, 1979 in Washington. The response to this event in the Arab world is not forced herself to a long expected. Syria, Libya, Iraq and South Yemen severed diplomatic affairs with Egypt.
Anwar Sadat was assassinated by conspirators October 6, 1981 during a military parade in Cairo. Historians have noted that those involved in the design komplotu Islamists have not forgiven him peace treaty at Camp David, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. After the death of Sadat, his course was continued by President Hosni Mubarak, who managed to maintain good neighborly business with Israel for long years.