Found richly painted Zapotec tomb


One of the three tombs, one above the other and recently found in the pyramid of the Zapotec, very surprised archaeologists.

The point is that usually portrayed on the walls of tombs of important people: priests, warriors, rulers, and of course, the very late. But there are no people. Images are relevant, including, apparently, a ritual ball game — a mixture of rugby and basketball — common among pre-Columbian civilizations of America.

Here and below photos Héctor Montaño, INAH.

Indeed, the stone pyramid stands on one end of a large square next to the place to play ball. In all such "courts" in the ancient city Attsompa for three, which is quite a lot for the settlement of a few thousand people. In the nearby Monte Alban with a population of over 20 thousand are two.

The complex is 6.6 meters tall was built in about 650-850 years. It is unusual for the fact that the Zapotecs dead were buried under the floor of the important, and here are the tombs as having independent architectural significance.

Perhaps all of this is due to the fact that in Attsompe lived mostly wealthy (as in Santa Barbara), who tried to put it in modern terms, to show off. Or, as they prefer to say archaeologists to demonstrate its independence from the mother, when she began to decline.

As for the pictures on the walls of the tomb of strange, it's basically a point and the "dash", which sometimes develop in character for, probably, the name of the deceased (not all of them are preserved, so you have to guess.) One is struck by a large Latin «I», painted in yellow color. Experts believe that this is an allusion to the shape of the site for ball games. Next to the "Liter" compulsively repeated motif of the three points, and the "whiskers" that reminds archaeologists very schematic of a feline.

The remains of the deceased absent: perhaps they were taken by locals leaving Attsompu about 850 years for reasons unknown to us. However discovered funerary offerings: ceramic bowls, miniature grinding stones, jade bead, crafted turtle shell and a piece of shell that may have once served as the eye of the funerary statuettes and masks.

Adapted from National Geographic.



Read more: The great archaeological finds most amazing archaeological finds.

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