About 80% of the species of palm trees, most of which are grown only in Madagascar, including palm-"suicide" may disappear in the near future due to the felling of the jungle, said the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
IUCN experts presented the results of his study of palm trees in Madagascar during the regular 11th session of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, which these days is held in the Indian city of Hyderabad.
"Palm trees — an integral part of the biodiversity of the island. Moreover, local people are actively using these trees to build their huts, and the fruits are edible. Total Madagascar grows 192 species of palm trees that exist nowhere else planet there," — said in a statement.
As specified by the experts, most unique palm grows in the tropical forests in the east of the island, a quarter of forests have been cut down.
Under threat, including the existence of one of the most unique plants of the Earth — palm-"suicide" (Tahina Palm). Scientists have discovered this new species of palms in 2008. The specifics of a new species of palm trees is that at the age of about 50 years at the top of the palm tree grows large inflorescence with hundreds of small flowers. After that plant as it "destroys" itself to the best of their vitality for several months to ensure that the benefits are numerous flowers. After flowering tree dries completely and destroyed. By this time in the wild of Madagascar, scientists have found only thirty palms suicide.
May disappear and palm species Ravenea delicatula, which grow only in one region of Madagascar — there is an active cutting a rice field and engaged in exploration.
"We are witnessing the tragic disappearance of the unique flora of Madagascar. To save nature, you need to act immediately," — said the general secretary of the International Society for preservation of gardens Sara Oldfield (Sara Oldfield).