October 7, 2012 23:40
Researchers concluded that hypnosis is not a psychological suggestion, and the impact on the human brain. Research in the field of hypnosis conducted by scientists from Stanford University (USA, California).
The motivation was to research scientists to understand why not all people are equally suggestible hypnosis — hypnosis for some people will always work, on the other — ever. And the reason for this device in the brain, not in the psychological suggestibility of people came to the conclusion at the Medical School of the University.
Research in the field of hypnosis not only important for magicians, circus, hypnosis plays an important role in medicine, with the help of doctors treating severe phobias, fears and obsessions with hypnosis can ease pain patients.
By convincing to scientists from Stanford University, the suggestibility hypnosis affects certain nerve centers of the brain that are responsible for the concentration, attention, and decision-making.
For the experiment, researchers selected two groups: one group included suggestible hypnotic to another — those on whom hypnosis does not work. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that in people who are susceptible to hypnotic suggestion, the interaction of 3 neural networks responsible for decision-making, self-awareness, evaluation and comparison of the importance of the task. At the same ones who did not give in to the hypnosis, the interaction of these neural networks are not, or going on a low level. Thus, the researchers say, if achieved data interaction of neural networks in the brain of any man, it can be done from the "not encouraging" in exposed hypnosis. But it will be the next stage of research.
As they say — once an accident, twice — a coincidence, but three — law. Of course, a single study in this area is not saying much, but if the results are confirmed, the medicine will happen next major breakthrough, experts edition of "Market Leader", at the same time, warning, and not take advantage of a dishonest dealers the ability to inspire anyone to anything? Whether there will be such that, looking any advertising, the whole town will be in one place for a product? Jokes — jokes, but the topic of hypnosis, how important it is as delicate and. And while waiting for the next survey.
The term "hypnosis" was introduced Scottish physician James Braid. Generally speaking, Western science, uncovering and developing hypnotic techniques, was constantly on the road of "reinventing the wheel." Of course, the first hypnotists were shamans and sorcerers of ancient, primitive, as we now call them tribes. So, the history of hypnosis as a means of purposeful use of the phenomena of trance and suggestion has many thousands of years.
Practically, every ancient culture had a knowledge of the use of trance and suggestion. For example, over three thousand years before Christ, the ancient Chinese used these methods in medicine. And in the Chinese gymnastics Qi Gong uses the so-called self-hypnosis ideomotor techniques that have only recently "discovered" Western science, mainly due to the work of Milton Erickson.
Exploring the history, it is apparent that the techniques of hypnosis and self-hypnosis have been known in ancient Egypt, in India, in ancient Greece, but as I said, in almost all parts of the world. Although, these techniques were called, of course, different.
Trance and suggestion have always been closely linked to religiey.Vo First, the elements of trance and suggestion are present in almost all religious rituals. Second, religion has always tried to "usurp" the phenomena. Especially in this succeeded Christian Church in medieval times. Most likely, this is why Western science had to reopen the hypnosis in the time of the beginning of technological revolution, when science finally gained its independence from the church.
In the West, the popularity of Sigmund Freud played another "trick" with hypnosis. Beginning the psychotherapeutic practice with the study of hypnosis, later, Freud lost interest in this method, and developed its own, now known in the world of psychoanalysis.
In our country, a great contribution to the development of hypnosis made by such famous scientists as Pavlov, Bekhterev, sections and others. Until recently, hypnosis has been used in our country, almost exclusively in the medical and security services.
Perhaps the only exception is Vladimir Leonidovich Raikov. He made an enormous contribution to the theory and practice of hypnosis. Especially interested in his research examining the possibility of using hypnosis for creative development. During Soviet times, it was practically the only specialist hypnologist of our country, who has been a regular participant in numerous world and European congress on hypnosis.
A new page has been opened in hypnosis American psychotherapist Milton Erickson. Been ill in his youth, and polio is almost completely paralyzed, he was able with the help of self-hypnosis to recover their motor skills and developed a whole new direction, which is now called, a new, not policy or ericson hypnosis.