Russian rounders — one of the oldest national sports games, and probably the most ancient. Accessories for her — bits of wood and felted balls — were found in the excavations of Novgorod the Great, dating from the XIV century. Any holiday in Russia has managed without playing rounders along with fisticuffs.
Played rounders and Peter I, played the soldiers and officers of the Transfiguration and the Semenov regiment. And in the Red Army at the initiative of the Chairman of the Supreme Council of Physical Culture Nikolai Podvoisky this game was used as a component of fitness. True, with about 30's come quite a long period of oblivion, and only in 1957 was presented in the bat program Games of the peoples of Russia.
The game is available to everyone. For it needed only a wooden bat, a ball and a ground or grassy area. To hit the ball, running through the play area and ball players osalivanie opponent very similar to baseball. By the way, about the emergence of baseball enthusiasts Russian rounders like telling the legend.
A native of Odessa, he moved to America, said there about the Russian rounders. Then the Americans still poorly understood in Odessa and greatly distorted the canons of our fun, with the result that there was baseball. So it was or not, claim to be the father of baseball could and Finn from Finland, and Romanians from Romania and a German from Germany, and many others, as there are more than 70 types of games that use the bat and ball.
In Finland, a similar game called pessopallo, Germany — shlagbal, Romania — oyna, Bulgaria — narodka furnace.
In 1986, there was a decision on the development of the USSR State baseball, softball and Russian rounders. And 10 years later — in 1996 — was organized by the Inter-Regional Federation of fans of this game. In 2003, it acquired the status of the Russian public sports organizations — the Federation of Russian rounders Russia.
What good game? First, its democratic character. As already mentioned, all the necessary equipment for it — is a wooden bat length from 70 to 110 centimeters and a weight of 1.5 kilograms and a regular tennis ball. The game develops all the qualities required of athletes: a reaction, speed, accuracy, concentration, game thinking and team building skills.
Must be able to accurately hit the ball, run fast, deftly dodging the opponent throws and at least deftly catching "candle", immediately pass the ball to a team-mate or opponent osalivat. All this happens in a matter of seconds you want to make the right decision.
Russian rounders — the game is extremely dynamic and as spectacular as not inferior baseball. All-season game. In rounders can fight and winter on the line in the trampled snow applied paint. Playing rounders and indoors. There are, however, the field is smaller, and there are also some changes to the rules relating to rebound from the restrictive walls and ceilings. But on entertainment that did not affect.
Sergei Vostretsov, Voice of Russia
There are several dozen varieties rounders — each with its own rules, the rules are simplified and rounders most popular.
Best place to play rounders — wide lawn or other flat area of considerable size. If not near a large lawn or ground, playing rounders on the court can and smaller. The site area for a game of rounders are given in the figure.
For the game requires a small ball (best tennis), bat (rounders) can be made of wood. Bits length of 80-90 cm, a round pen, also suitable baseball bat. The game is played between two equal teams of up to 10 people.
Previously divided the team, dressed in T-shirts in different colors. After the draw captains, one of the teams is the line of the city and is beating or attack. Second placed throughout the field and becomes superconducting or protect.
At a signal from the judge (one short whistle) players took seats. Team hitters (hitters) sends to the area feeding his players, the other players line up along the side of the line (behind the pickup on the court order) in the same order as the captain will place. The team conducting allocates serving player, which takes place on a platform feeder next to the "snout" — (the circle on which the ball is served.) Ducting team players are all over the field, according to the instructions of the captain. Verify the readiness of teams, the referee gives the signal for the game (two short whistle).
Giving the player tosses the ball over the "snout", kicker, being in the center square of the city supply, shock bits tries to send the ball (hit) him as much as possible for the lines at home (along out there.)A stroke is valid if the ball flew over the line of control. Dealing a blow kicker thrown over the whole area to the line of Law. His task — to have time to run to the Law until the ball is caught, and, if possible, then go back to the city.
The task of conducting — catch or pick up the ball and they osalit player kicking team, as he runs through the field.
If the kicker was able to make it to Kona and back, without being osalennym ball, he brings the team two points. If the batter ran to the Law, but did not dare to come back, it stays on the line Law and waiting next batter hit the ball into the box. Immediately after successfully hitting the ball the other player of his team can cross back across the field to the city if the player does not osalen — he brings the team one point (on the site of a smaller size is only given 1 point for a run up to Kona and back in one breakout). After a dash to the city the player takes the extreme position on the court order to the three strikes law.
Ducting team players come into play immediately after hitting the ball. The player's task — to catch the ball in the summer, then the team that is in the field will get 1 point and a change of sides.
Or, picking up the ball on the crash site, they try osalit defector. Osalivat enemy can a player picked up the ball, or any other, has received the transfer (pass). When returning the ball to the governing city is the stoppage of play. Player, jogging, at the moment the ball back to the city if he made a run for more than half of the field goes to move forward, if he does not have time to mid — returns.
Penalty points are awarded for beating the team errors in the game: the fourth and following the ball outside the field of play after hitting the bat (1 point), the remark from the judge (1 point for each comment.)
The game is won if, after running across the osalivaniya player, all players of the defending team managed to escape the city and / or the house is not osalinnymi (peresalinymi) players kicking team.
The game is finished decidedly in favor of conducting the following cases:
— after a rough foul by the referee.
— If a player hitting team took the ball in his hands, or otherwise limit access to the ball (caught the ball after a miss, come, kicked to the side, etc.).
— bat slipped from his hands and flew out of the city, in which case the team hitting unquestionably goes to the field, are leading hitter.
The game can be mixed composition: boys and girls. The game is played in two games for 20 minutes and terminated by the judge's signal (one long whistle) The winner is the team that scored the maximum points.
- If a player is barred one foot over the line of the city, or Law, it can not escape and return to the back line. If both feet, then go back to him anymore. If the player still went back to the line by the referee is an undeniable change of command (ie, moving forwards in defense).
- After a bad hit (miss) a player who has not had time to escape should be in the suburbs along the line of the city.
- After the dash players (at the site are planned) and position themselves for a strike in the order in which ran over the line.
- After peresalivaniya, players take on the team kicking blow right over.
- After impact, the side line (out) all the players and overwhelming teams are in place.
- After three strikes the side line players kicking team set off a penalty (one penalty point for one way (out) for all subsequent ones.
The players are not allowed:
Being in the city, closer than 2 meters from the batsman, the exception is permissible for serving player, leading the team.
Osalivanie players in the head, groin, solar plexus, etc.
Insulting other players and participants and spectators during the game play.
Use the in-game bat exceeding the following parameters: weight of 2 kg. Length: 90 cm width 15 cm
Delay scamper player.
Use in the game of baseball traps (foot).
Play without the distinctive shirts that team, the color of which the judge has determined (for example, in a white shirt over black, or any other colorful T-shirt).