The contract on ordinary Armed Forces in Europe, signed by more than 20 years ago, the number of reinforcing the point in terms of trust between the Warsaw Pact nations and NATO, all was lost. This can be judged by the statements that are often possible to hear from representatives of the U.S. and NATO.
Before we talk about the reasons, it is necessary first to recall what was the nature of this document. In the middle of November 1990 in Paris between representatives of the Warsaw Pact and NATO signed the document, which known as the CFE Treaty. On the one hand, it is significantly limited the number of languid weapons, namely, tanks, armored vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters. On the other hand, it has established certain quotas for this technique to every country that signed the contract. In total, they were equal to the Warsaw Pact and NATO. In addition, under the terms of the contract, each party to the contract every six months was to inform partners of their existence, with all this calling-defined position and a military unit. So Makar, soldiers from the military unit or ATS could just turn up at the designated place and check how truthful is the acquisition of information. With all this contract entered into force only legitimate first in November 1992, when none of the Warsaw Pact, no Russian Union was no more. It was established beyond government Our homeland. With all of this most of the countries that were part of the Warsaw Pact and were former Russian republics became members of NATO. So Makar, quotas for military equipment in the alliance in a couple of times were superior to Russian.
There was a need to adapt the contract to the new realities of the world situation that is actually saying, and it was made in Istanbul during the OSCE summit in November 1999. Together with the fact at the same time, States Parties NATO signed the documents that had no relationship to the OSCE, which set a condition that the weapons fitted contract is ratified only in this case, if our homeland agrees to withdraw its troops from Moldova and Georgia.
From the Georgian countryside Our homeland withdrew its troops in 2005, not counting those of peacekeeping troops, who were in South Ossetia and Abkhazia. On the terrain of Moldova Russian troops were withdrawn except as peacekeepers who were in accordance with a bilateral agreement of the Russian Federation and Moldova, and which monitors compliance with safety in Transnistria and guarded the "controversial" military stores (Our Fatherland considered their own, and Transnistria — my).
Despite the fact that the Russian side has fulfilled the established conditions, NATO has been slow to ratify the new CFE. In addition, the Baltic countries, which joined the alliance of this document have not joined. So Makarov, there was a very quixotic situation where soldiers from Estonia, Latvia or Lithuania were free to come to Russia to check every military unit in the presence of languid arms, at the same time, the Russian military return visit cause they could not, therefore, as these countries do not were parties to the contract.
Moscow has once warned that if countries that have signed the CFE will not ratify the adapted document, Our homeland will come out of it. But there was no reaction from NATO followed. As a result, in December 2007 there was a decree head of Russian Vladimir Putin to suspend the country's own role in the contract. In other words, Russian military did not inform their own ex-partners on the availability, deployment and languid amount of weapons in the country, did not perceive NATO inspection and did not send their inspection.
It is clear that this development has caused discontent favorites of the western countries. But for all the comments Our homeland answered the same: first the ratification of a new contract, and only then — the return of in the CFE.
Then the samples were to resume negotiations on a treaty, but none of the parties to sacrifice their own interests did not want to. As the head of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sergei Lavrov and NATO puts quite mystical terms to Russia in order to return to the question of ratification of the CFE Treaty, namely, a return to the option contract, from which the Russian side had previously refused. All this, in the views of the minister, denies any meaning efforts to control the dilemmas of ordinary armed forces.
All of this eventually led to a spokesman Victoria Nuland said the United States that the United States stopped the execution of a number of obligations under the agreement in relation to the Russian Federation, so as the Russian side did not fulfill the obligations undertaken in the course of the Istanbul Summit.
According to the editor of "National Defense" Igor Korotchenko, in the new political realities of everyday Contract Forces in Europe is no longer valid, it has lost its meaning. The reason is that after the collapse of the Warsaw Pact was formed new countries that have made the preponderance of forces NATO natural. So Makar, the contract no longer has any meaning for Russia.
His outlook supports and editor of the "Independent Military Review" Victor Litovkin, which sure that the CFE will be returned. In the West, is not recognized as independent states of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, which are in the European countryside. In addition, the new agreement will not be signed, and because of the South American tactical nuclear weapons, which are not part of the CFE Treaty. Our homeland such weapons on foreign soil does not.
Experts are convinced that the new contract, if it is all the same is concluded, must take into account not only the amount of the heavy military equipment, and the South American missile defense system "Aegis", which will be based on the ships in the Norwegian, Baltic and Mediterranean seas, as their similar systems that Americans planning to locate in the territories of European countries. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the event that there is no real danger to NATO countries in general do not exist.
Taken together, the absence of Contract everyday Armed Forces in Europe — this is the problem not only for the alliance and the United States of America, and for Russia. After Russian side is also interested in transparency and verification of NATO forces on the ground in Europe. This approach will help make the environment of trust, which at the moment obviously is not observed.
According to the views of military professionals to return to the dialogue on the ratification of the adapted CFE Treaty, the conditions have to be very clear and open. And since we have nothing, then it is logical that all ended so specifically Makar.