October 15, 2012 22:35
In Europe found a lot of so-called sledovikov — stones with imprints of hands or feet. These marks on the stone is rumored to saints or deities. They vary both in size and associated ethnographic evidence, and even the nature of the images themselves.
I wonder what these unusual stones, really? This was explained by the famous Karelian ethnographer, vice president of the society, "race" Alexei Popov.
Stones of the Russian North
— Alex, why his research did you choose Karelia?
— The fact that Karelia, which is located in north-west Russia, can be called a complete megalithic region, as the cult of stones in these areas in ancient times not only had its own specific features, but has always been an important part of the cultural landscape. He carried the imprints of the living tradition of interaction between man and nature, from the very depths of millennia.
— Official science confirms the unusual properties of these boulders?
— The current attitude of the official science to sacred stones sounds like a death sentence: "In the present state of scientific sources base much of the so-called" sacred "boulders should be removed from the scientific use untestable because information about them is not feasible and comprehensive study of objects."
Many sacred stones have already died: they were smashed, buried, drowned. They are dying today. Enthusiasts save them as living beings, creating gardens and museums stones. But torn from its place sacred stone loses its "sanctity", its environment, its legends …
Teaching of the ancients
— Where went the cult of stones?
— In the II century AD, the Roman philosopher and encyclopedist Celsus wrote: "There is the age-old ancient study, which involved an ancient people, the state and the wise men — Egyptians, Assyrians, Hyperboreans, Celtic Druids and geta …" Very little of this "age-old doctrine" preserved to this day. One of the great mysteries of such relics — megalithic structures, performs once religious, astronomical and magical functions and served as show current research, to work with the powerful and very real hidden forces of nature.
— What kind of megaliths in question?
— Most common are certainly revered stones with images, in Russia in the name of "sledoviki." Images vary widely, from obviously man-made, with a clear study of circuits to awkwardly expressed, almost certainly the nature of the game. But their common feature is always that in the popular perception of the image data are precisely tracks — "God", "devils", "devil", traces of the Virgin, and various saints, etc. — Even in cases where the image itself is only vaguely resembles a footprint.
— With whom most people associate rock-sledovik: with devils or saints?
— Stones sledoviki very diverse. Sizes vary and knocked them of traces (from normal to huge), and their nature (known, in addition to human, bear, bird, and other marks), and their number is on the one stone, and the technique of the images. Varies greatly and is expected to determine the age of a trace. While there is considerable evidence of the crucial "survivability" tradition carving marks on the stone, the very appearance of this tradition should probably be attributed to the Neolithic era. At least, it was for a dating leads researchers known connection stones sledovikov the archaeological monuments of the Neolithic and Bronze Age.
Today, no one can say for sure what purpose were these stones, especially since the written sources with the answer to this question was found. Although a number of serious scholars explain their appearance with the ancient Aryan beliefs, in particular, with the legend of the three steps of Vishnu, symbolizing the movement of the sun from sunrise to sunset through the point in the sky. Stones sledoviki — silent witnesses of the ancient moves from north to south archaic Indo-European culture, beliefs and practices.
Witnesses ancient knowledge
— What is the nature of these cults?
— Over the centuries, many of these monuments accompanied legends tell of the origin of the stones or marks on them, and ritual practice — prayers, cult stones attributed miraculous healing properties. Most of these stones are about sledovikov trails or roads. In the old days, when on earth lived the great magicians and sorcerers, people not only understand the language of animals and plants, but also with magic could change the structure of the stone, making it soft, like wet clay. Such is the legend, still ideas held in Karelia. The local population keeps the legendary pages of past eras. For science, of course, this does not apply, but, as the old men say, has to do with life. There is a lot of evidence and healing properties sledovikov. According to local residents, the fluid that collects in the pits, many have recovered from various skin diseases. The rural population of Karelia believer in magic of mysterious stones.
Shadows of the past on the rocks of the White Sea
— What sledoviki in Karelia are best known?
— We have just officially "registered" stones sledovikov are many, but the most famous are perhaps be famous petroglyphs (images on the rocks) of the White Sea. For example, on the rocks at the mouth of the river Vig is about three hundred of related images, dating from the end of the III — the beginning of the II millennium BC. This so-called "demons Sledkov." For the most part it's images associated with the subject of hunting (moose, seals, bears, fish). Against the background of this diversity is particularly interesting set of footprints leading to the image of a large human-like figure, supposedly the symbol of a certain deity.
The picture shows a man standing on one leg, with a raised left hand and one eye closed. This particular position, despite the fact that it is well-known in the history of European shamanism among Soviet and Russian researchers did not receive serious consideration. For example, the Celtic peoples, this sacred posture called "Meadows pose" or "posture Cuchulain." Symbolic "one-legged" man (shaman, mage) standing in this position is directly related to the archaic cult of the gods of death and magic (compare the one-eyed Odin in Norse tradition, the one-legged Baba-Yaga — in Slavic, one-legged custody of the other world in the Welsh epic and t . etc.).
In ancient times it was believed that the magician takes "attitude Meadows," is at once in both worlds (this is the other) and, accordingly, the open eye sees the world of phenomena, and closed — another world (the world of spirits).
Thus, the image is, in my view, is precisely the image of a shaman (magician) in sacral position and is directly linked to the traditional severorusskim shamanism.
The image is the key to the sacred mysteries of the White Sea to the distant past of the modern Russian Hyperborean Northwest. Therefore, embossed on the rocks of footprints, with embedded within them a deep sense of magic to have done quite a specific role, not understood by scientists, but was keenly aware of the indigenous people of these places: dolmens, Sadie, stone labyrinths, stones sledoviki — all "inputs" the invisible world of the mysterious forces that worshiped by the ancient …