The number of Mongolian marmot (marmots) in south-eastern Transbaikalia in the last fifty years has decreased from 50 thousand to 2.5 thousand individuals, told RIA Novosti steppe Regional Coordinator of the UNDP in Russia Vadim Kirilyuk.
At the beginning of the last century, a large population groundhog lived in southeastern Transbaikalia, conducted industrial harvesting of animal skins. The high rate of production and caused a sharp drop in the number from millions to tens of thousands of marmots. Marmot is listed in the Red Book.
"By 1965, the population in the area and the area is likely to have no more than 40-50 thousand individuals in subsequent years has been steadily decreasing. Total population in the region in early 2000 reduced to two or three thousand individuals, and by 2012, no greater than one and a half to two and a half thousand individuals "- said Kirilyuk.
According to Kirilyuk, marmot destroy for the sake of oil, which is used in alternative medicine.
He also added that the marmot in the next ten years will not disappear from the wild, "group living in the reserve, 300-400 individuals, and is quite stable." However, rodent included in the diet of birds of prey, and so the number of which in recent years due to the death of birds falling on power lines and poaching. Reducing the number of marmots only aggravate the situation difficult for the birds.