In the capital, Port Moresby, held mass rallies supporters of both factions competing for power. The most important areas of the town are controlled by armed men in uniform. Prior to severe collision case has not yet reached, but in cases of impending perseverance all politicians can dramatically change.
Recall, the political crisis began in June 2011, when the name of 75-year-old Somare family has announced his retirement. It was caused by the long absence of the prime minister, is in Singapore for medical treatment. August 2 Jeffrey Napili, the speaker of parliament, announced that the prime minister is free, after that country's favorite was elected Peter O'Neill — last Minister of Finance.
But Somare, who many in the country was already "buried", suddenly all "risen". After recovering, displaced politicians said that "the place of the Prime Minister has never been free," and filed a lawsuit in the High Tribunal. Parliament's decision was quashed by the Tribunal. As a result, in Papua New Guinea political crisis escalated markedly. In the capital, began to demonstrate against the verdict of the Supreme Court. By some protesters going on was called "our Arab spring against the ruling Somare forever." Although this interpretation of events is quite controversial because opponents Somare is not seeking fundamentally change the system of the country.
Yet, according to the laws of the country, Michael Odzhio — Governor-General of Papua New Guinea — had to repeatedly bring Somare sworn. Conducting the ceremony was scheduled for December 20.
In this situation, the last word, it would seem, should remain with the governor-general of the country approved by the British Queen, the legitimacy and he "re-election" Somare confirmed.
But on December 13 parliamentary deputies of the Supreme Court decision was seen as illegal, because "contrary to the Constitution." Jeffrey Napili with all this pointed to the fact that parliamentarians legitimate government recognized only O'Neill. The behavior of the deputies begin to remember open revolt.
Peter O'Neill, meanwhile, continued to rely on the support of the Governor-General. This would render him legitimacy. The support of the Governor-General was necessary to obtain approval from the Western countries and their allies, first of Australia — Brain satellite England and the United States in the region.
Point is that Papua New Guinea enters the English Commonwealth. The formal head of state is Elizabeth II, the Queen of England, represented by the country's governor-general. He is appointed on the proposal of the Parliament of the Queen of the APG.
Peter O'Neill some time been able to do with Gen.-Governor of the case, because the approaches to his residence were blocked by police loyal to Somare. At times, they were shooting in the air, because the rebels could not be the favorite, even just to get an appointment with Michael Odzhio.
It is worth noting that Michael Thomas Somare, one of the main creators of the independence of Papua New Guinea. In 1975, he became the first prime minister of the country. It came after a long and obstinate confrontation with Australia. In general, his time in office was not bright. Freed from colonial oppression, Papua New Guinea and immediately freed from the means of the colonialists. Country in terms of economic development was on the last place of the world ranking. For the development of mineral resources and the development of the timber business required huge funds.
All this has become an additional incentive discontent of many Papuan leaders who had become accustomed to the joys of civilization, brought in by employers in Australia. And in 1980, members of parliament, he was sent into retirement. Because the position is not only not improved, and significantly worsened in 1982, he again led the country. In 1985, Somare was again obliged to leave, but led the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. With his new post at times and shot once appointed. Finally, in 2002, he again took the chair premiere. Somare during the reign showed his eagerness to preserve the traditions of the indigenous inhabitants. This caused some resentment of many Western missionaries.
At the current time in Papua New Guinea there is a dual power, because in the country there are other governments that do not recognize each other. But at the moment the balance is beginning to lean towards the enemies Somare. The Governor-General, at first supported the latter changed its decision on December 20: "Now I recognize the legitimacy of the O'Neill government … The role of Parliament is paramount. Only parliament can decide who should occupy the post of prime minister. "
But even that is not diminish Somare determination to fight for power. In general, in the words of recognizable Wayfarer Krotov told "PRAVDA.Ru ':" From personal interviews conducted with by ordinary Papuans, it is clear that they really do not love all authority. Fact about all officials, including Somare, as they say about the thieves, without equal for themselves. " So Somare is unlikely to rely on the support of ordinary people.
The attached is happening in Australia has caused considerable anxiety. According to Kevin Rudd, Foreign Minister of the country, the situation they are "deeply concerned, the use of violence has not brought anyone else." Worries Australian politics can be realized. Unrest in Papua New Guinea may give rise to significant costs for Australian business and for global markets as a whole. With all of this not only for the logging industry.
Papua New Guinea significantly in recent years to increment its presence in the global market as a producer of precious and base metals. This is a first for gold and copper. Not least in this matter is, and oil. For example, the termination of a mine in the province of Bougainville related to separatist attacks and retaliatory actions of the central authorities, significantly affected the prices of non-ferrous metals.
Another example is the case of nedavneshnim down gold mining in Papua New Guinea at a mine of Lihir Island. Due to the rains fall led to an increase in global prices for this precious metal is nearly 3.5%.
If the political instability of drags on, it will limit gold mining in the country and will cause a huge increase in the price of the precious metal, and it will have a severe impact on the global economy. After Papua New Guinea as early as 2001 is the 11th largest producer of gold and 13th — for the extraction of copper. Over the next 10 years country only increment its market share in non-ferrous and precious metals.