Yevgeny Primakov: Secret of the Middle East

Yevgeny Primakov in confidence about the Middle EastIn the edition of "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" accomplished presentation of the book of Academician Yevgeny Primakov, "The Middle East: On the stage and behind the scenes. " Brand new edition of the book and the patriarch of Russian policy scientist-orientalist came at a time when a number of countries in the Arab world have taken the revolution, culminating in a change of regime. Speaking at the launch, Yevgeny Primakov stressed that failed did not respond to the changes that occur in the last two years in almost all Middle Eastern countries.

As the Eugene Primakov, read about the problems Near East is impossible without historical excursion into the past nedavneshnee. Under the existing bipolar world, the United States and the Soviet Union did everything in order not to get involved in the Middle East crisis. When the revolutionary nationalist regimes in the countries of Near East and North Africa degenerated into nationalistic authoritarian regimes, it is also suited and the United States and Russia, because the authoritarian favorites opposed the design of Islamic groups fighting against terrorists. When they created the conditions for the development of economic relations.

But first of the new millennium the U.S. moving towards a unipolar world. This opened the era of "interventsionalizma" common manifestation of which was the South American operation in Iraq. One of the consequences of this action was the reincarnation of Iran into a regional power. Another — worsening Sunni-Shiite relations. There are contours of the "Shiite zone": Iraq — Iran — Syria — Lebanon. The situation has caused concern on the one hand, Israel, and the other — the Arab states of the Persian Gulf.

First, in 2011 the Arab countries to take a ride revolutionary wave. Were toppled authoritarian rulers in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen. There is reason to believe that if antirezhimnye demonstrations in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain were spontaneous nature, in Libya and Syria, the U.S. and NATO have decided not to simply "ride the environment" and use it to prevent the victory of the unwanted for whatever reason Gaddafi and Assad's regime.

"I do not think that the Arab revolutionary wave was organized by the United States. It was a very sharp, unexpected for their time. Also, do not believe that there is a obmyslenny, right pronounced plan covering the years ahead, "- said Yevgeny Primakov.

In Egypt and Tunisia intercepts the revolutionary initiative of the Islamic organizations. At the present moment we can conclude Yevgeny Primakov said that the future development of these 2-priemuschestvenno states depends on the relationship between moderate Islamists and constructive. In Egypt, despite the transfer of municipal functions of civilian government, the army will be as before to play a huge role.

"By the way, in the days of the United States resumed military aid to Egypt in the amount of 1.3 billion dollars. Of course, this is being done in order to blunt the consequences of the "Arab Spring", which badly affect or even undermine achieved partial measures the Arab-Israeli peace process "- highlighted Yevgeny Primakov.

Speaking of the prospects attack on Iran's nuclear facilities, he regarded it as "a gamble, which in its consequences would be pohlesche U.S. operations in Iraq and NATO in Libya." But we can not put an end. In 1-x, the United States could be drawn into military actions by Israel, if he dares to strike Iran. In-2, pre-election situation in the U.S. in almost all unpredictable. It appears unprecedented pressure on President Obama.

Hunt hope, Yevgeny Primakov saw that it did not push the current U.S. administration to support an attack on Iran. But he acknowledged that almost everything depends on Iran itself, which in April will hold talks on the nuclear dilemma. Missile and air strikes will not cause such harm, which would impede the realization of the idea of creation of nuclear weapons, he said, but they can push Iran which to this day, has no political decision to develop nuclear weapons, to the adoption of such solutions. Such an attack will take away all differences and unite the political circles in Iran on this issue, highlighted the academician.

Responding to a reporter's question about the necessity of creation BRICS military organization, Eugene Primakov expressed hesitation in ability and need such education.

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