Scientists in research have found 27 new archaeological sites in the area of the Altai gas pipeline in the Altai region, in case of a building without prior papers monuments threatened destruction.
Gorno-Altai, February 13 — RIA Novosti. Scientists in research have found 27 new archaeological sites in the area of the Altai gas pipeline in the Altai region, in case of a building without prior papers monuments threatened destruction, the official website of the Altai State University.
Pipeline "Altai" will connect gas fields in western Siberia to China and will stretch from Urengoy to Shanghai. Russia and China signed the basic conditions for the supply of gas in September 2010. Numerous environmental and community organizations for many years asked to re-route the pipeline, so that it does not pass through a World Natural Heritage — Ukok Plateau, located in the Republic of Altai.
Scientists Altai State University and the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences conducted an archaeological survey of the proposed route of the pipeline in the Altai region, which lasted two years.
"As a result of this work have been identified, 27 new archaeological sites, 23 of which are located directly in the area of the proposed construction and the boundaries of the two previously known," — said in a statement.
According to scientists in the area over the river was located Chumysh bones of Pleistocene time, possibly belonging to the so-called fossil fauna. In the cultural and chronological terms 19 objects previously can be attributed to the early Iron Age (the Scythian period), five objects can be dated to the Upper Palaeolithic period (30-14 thousand years ago), one object — the Bronze Age, the two belong to the Middle Ages, one parking space, rather likely a colonization point Stolypin period, one object is associated with the beginning of the Soviet regime.
The greatest number of archaeological heritage, experts have identified in the southern part of the track in the foothills of the Altai and in the Soviet areas.
"The most promising excavations are monuments to: Scythian settlement Chu, located on the right bank of the Katun radical, complex cross settlements, located in the mountains out of the creek cross, settlement Yenisey (different time layers of the Stone Age and the early Iron Age), located on the right bank of Biya and Scythian burial mound Vidonovo (only surviving part of more than 30 mounds). For all these objects laid the pipeline route, and, if the construction will be started without prior scientific works, monuments threatens destruction "- inform scientists of the Altai State University.
The research — is the largest of its kind in the field of cultural heritage protection in the Altai region in the past 15 years. For two years I covered 379 miles, work was carried out in nine administrative regions: Zalesovsky, Pervomaisk, Zarinsk, Kytmanovskom, Trinity, zoning, Biysk, Soviet, Altai, in different natural and geographical zones — from the north to the taiga, mountain-steppe zone in the south.
Last year, the deputy director of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences Academician Vyacheslav Molodin reported that in 2011, archaeologists discovered the Siberian Highway under construction pipeline "Altai" 330 archaeological heritage. Then the scientists said that the construction will not result in the loss of these monuments.