UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon will attend the OSCE summit in Astana, Kazakhstan. On the eve of the meeting in an interview with our radio, he praised the role of Kazakhstan as the OSCE chairman, spoke about the Iranian nuclear program and outlined his vision for reform of the UN Security Council.
Reporter: In This year, Kazakhstan chaired the OSCE. Some have expressed doubt that this country, with its poor human rights record, be able to fulfill the role of leader in the organization of European security. How would you rate the result starshynyavannya Kazakhstan in the OSCE?
Ban: During this year Kazakhstan demonstrated his leadership and commitment to peace and stability in Kyrgyzstan and elsewhere. It is good that Astana has worked closely with the UN and the OSCE in promoting peace and human rights. I hope that under the leadership of President Nazarbayev, OSCE Summit will be able to carefully consider all issues of common interest. Kazakhstan is an important partner of the United Nations, he demonstrates remarkable progress in socio-economic development. I hope that Kazakhstan will demonstrate significant progress in human rights. This is what I discussed with the Kazakh leadership, and I hope they will implement fully the recommendations of the UN Council on Human Rights.
Reporter: Recently, 40 scientists and politicians appealed to the United States to reconsider its policy and recognize Iran's right to enrich uranium under international supervision. And what is your opinion — and it's time to a fundamental change in policy towards Iran?
Ban: Many times I have discussed this matter with the Iranian leadership, including with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. I have urged the Iranian authorities to fully comply with all UN Security Council resolutions and to cooperate sincerely with the IAEA. All States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, have the right to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, but they must prove the peaceful nature of its nuclear program. Latest IAEA report shows that Iran does not meet this criterion. It is the responsibility of the Iranian side — to prove that Iran's nuclear program has a military dimension.
Reporter: How do you feel about the idea of reforming the UN Security Council? She now has 15 members, 5 of them adults. Should be increased by the number of permanent members by, for example, India, as it offers U.S. President Barack Obama?
Ban: Among the member countries of the UN there is general agreement that the Security Council should be reformed, it must become more transparent, more representative and more democratic formed by taking into account the huge changes that have taken place in the world for the past 60 years. But what reforms need to spend, how many and which countries should be represented on the board — this should be determined by the Member States through negotiations. As UN Secretary-General I personally believe that the composition of the Security Council should be expanded in view of changes in the situation that it is able to solve all the problems of the XXI century.