Annually from the disease worldwide die about two million people. This year's World AIDS Day is celebrated under the theme "Universal Access and Human Rights". In what state of HIV-infected in Belarus?
From 1987 to November 1, 2010 in Belarus there are 11,562 cases of HIV infection. Now the country's officially registered 9,400 HIV-infected patients. During 10 months of this year revealed 872 cases of new diseases. And most of them are young people, said Deputy Minister of Health of Belarus Oleg Arnautov:
"The vast majority of HIV-infected people — young people between the ages of 15 and 29 years. The total number of HIV infections in this group of 7482 people. This is very disturbing and sad. "
The main route of HIV transmission — inektsyynae through the introduction of drugs (50.3%). But the rapidly increasing number of people who were infected through sexual contact.
How is life in Belarus to these people? In Belarus, HIV-positive does not discredit only where their status is unknown. This is the main conclusion of the study, which is conducted by UNAIDS, the Belarusian community of people living with HIV in laboratory studies axiometrical "NOVAK" and BSU. These people have problems in the family — especially the fear of relatives, the virus can be transmitted. As for the work, about half of the lost jobs once their status recognizes leadership. HIV-infected Eugene even had to relocate because of this:
"Once our family tried to drive out of the city. My wife works as a school teacher. It is not infected, I was HIV-positive. Leaders recruiting office when I heard when I was getting on military records, called the director of the gymnasium, where she worked as a wife. He called her and started screaming: what are you doing in school … We had to change the city. That was in Gorki, Mogilev region, and we are now living in Svetlahorsk. "
Vyacheslav Samarin, chairman of the Republican Public Association "Belarusian community of people living with HIV," confirms that dozens of such cases:
"In the specific case in one city of Vitebsk region (I will not say in what) we held a lecture for students of medical college. Our activist who has lived in this city and facilitated the event, did not open, so to speak, their status. After a while, the man began to slack off at work, and he had to resign. "
But the most amazing thing is that not only the ordinary man in the street-bosses are afraid of HIV-infected people, although they have had to have known that under normal household contacts of HIV infection is not transmitted. With the discrimination faced by such people in hospitals. Even in the treatment of the teeth, not to mention the more serious problems. Vyacheslav Samarin said:
"That's the last time. HIV-positive young man went to the hospital, he was given an operation on his finger. Had to either amputate or praaperavats. It is clear that no doctor will say that the reason for the refusal was the HIV status. But once learned about HIV, immediately said that about any operation can not be discussed. Man was discharged from the hospital, not justifying it in any way. "
But who is not a doctor to know that HIV is not a disease that is easily transmitted? MD, Professor, Head of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Minsk State Medical University Igor Karpov sure:
"You have to understand that first of all it is a disease. And the disease is not a disease vysokokontagioznaya. And everybody knows it. And, accordingly, it is the same patients, as well as all the others, and they need help. With these people should be friends, we can not leave them alone. In a society need to grasp. And we must say again and again. "
At the same time, the House of Representatives is the draft law "On prevention of the spread of diseases that pose a threat to public health, HIV, safeguards for people with such diseases." In the project, for example, has an article on compulsory medical examinations, many other controversial issues. This was even written a UN / UNDP Antonius Broek to the Prime Minister of Belarus, the Ministry of Health, the House of Representatives. But so far — no reaction, said HIV-infected Eugene:
"We are now in the development of the draft law" On social and dangerous diseases and HIV. "And we're fighting for something that the law was not adopted in the form in which it now is. Beat for six months. Three times have made changes to it, and no never in a better way failed. interpretation changed in the last words in some places, but the essence remains the same. "
In Belarus, now widely used anti-retroviral therapy. Her take 2,400 HIV-infected people — about 93% of those who need it.
Professor Igor Karpov"We really reached a considerable number of patients in need of antiretroviral therapy. Any questions on attracting patients themselves to this therapy. But these are technical issues. The fundamental question — accessibility — resolved. "
Reporter"This is quite an expensive treatment?"
"None. There are, of course, very expensive drugs, but in general the prices are quite reasonable. Are zhenerychnyya drugs. They are efficient, well help. "
But those who are HIV-positive are not very happy with these drugs, says Vyacheslav Samarin:
"Let's just say it's available, no person is denied receiving medication. But in Belarus, unfortunately, does not purchase the brand-name drugs, not the original and generic drugs. Their quality is not very … "
The cycle of antiretroviral therapy per patient is from 1 to 5000 dollars. Every year there are new drugs, says Professor Igor Karpov. Once upon a time there was hope for the drug "Armenikum," but he did not live up to expectations. Now scientists are studying «Truvada» — a new drug that prevents infection and reduces the risk of gay men.
Periodically, in Belarus there are problems with the diagnostic preparations, says Vyacheslav Samarin:
"Man is to receive medical treatment, to go through the analysis, so to speak, of his immunity in the blood, ie CD4 cells. We have a problem with the diagnosis. Now in the Gomel region in which the complex epidemiological situation, it is impossible to do this analysis. "
This year's AIDS Campaign under the slogan "Peace in the name of human rights" with bold initiatives, innovations and interesting techniques of visual imagination. Says a representative of the UN / UNDP Antonius Broek:
"Campaign activities will take place in hundreds of cities and gather thousands of people, millions of light bulbs. The light will be excluded for a minute, and then on again to pay tribute to those who lost their lives, and to emphasize the importance of the fundamental rights we all share. "
Belarus is also in the evening NGO activists and offer 20-hour support this action.
During 20 years of follow up of AIDS in Belarus 2000 people died. To HIV-infected mothers of
children born in 1713. The diagnosis of "HIV" is certified for the entire period of observation in the 173's. 8 of them have died. Total in the country in the age group 0 to 14 years were registered 188 cases of HIV infection.