Fully extant oath gold de master Jacob Ernst Sponholts (Jacob Ernst Sponholz, 1734 — 1809) of the New Branibora (Neubrandenburg) indicates the following about the decent craftsman city and citizen loyalists Mecklenburg land:
"I, Jacob Ernst Sponholts by God masters Duke of Mecklenburg, and this city, its residents, to be faithful, honest citizen, take care of them, to seek the best for them, to be equal to them in their rights. And so help me God and his Holy Word! »(Neubrandenburg, June 23, 1768)
Pagan god Flins (Flins) with a lion on his shoulder. Figure 1714.
When life Sponholts (Sponholz) and his younger brother, Benjamin, Jonathan (Jonathan Benjamin) (1740 — 1811) and Natanael Gideon (Gideon Nathanael) (1745 — 1807) were well known. However, on the family Sponholts we would today know nothing, if they really were in the commandments of God. Their successes and failures in life is closely related to the so-called idols Priloyskimi (Prillwitzer Idole). This trio was at the center of the scandal falsifying of folk crafts in the history of the Duchy of Mecklenburg. And the subject of these forgeries were … bronze figurines Slavic idols!
Bronze Lion "Chernobog» («Zernobocg), from which in 1768 began the history of counterfeiting.
It all began with a bronze lion. In early 1768 the practitioner Dr. honey. Hempel (Hempel) was invited to the house of Mrs. Sponholts. In the room, he happened to see a bronze figure of a predatory animal. Her sons doctor learned that their grandfather, who was once a priest in Priloytsah (Prilojce-Prillwitz), found a treasure on the castle hill. According to the stories it was like this: about 1690 when planting pears in his garden dug a pastor of a lion, and then the other figures. They were in pots buried in the ground. Hempel was very interested in antiquities, and Jacob Sponholts readily agreed to sell him the bronze finds a decent amount.
Hempel is no doubt in the integrity of the family Sponholts. But nevertheless asked to give an opinion on the subject of his fellow professionals. Those were also very surprised, confirmed findings of liability and advised them to buy. So the lion and the 34 other "finds" became the property of Dr. Hempel. A sensation occurred when one of the scientists on the figure of a lion read written by certain signs, resembles the letter, the word "Rethra" and no doubt interpreted them as "venedskie runes." In a short time, was found lyutichey pagan temple, in which were hiding places from the times of the Crusades of the Germans against the Slavs. February 7, 1768 the newspaper "Hamburger Correspondent" reported that glorious Slavic relic retro found.
Almost a hundred years, experts and sponsors from Germany and other countries were engaged in collecting fake Slavic idols, sacrificial knives, bowls, plates and amulets. Among them was the Duke of Mecklenburg — a descendant who lived here once Slavic leaders. In 1770, Prince Karl von Mecklenburg-Sagittarius (Carl von Mecklenburg-Strelitz) (1741 — 1816), and later, the first Grand Duke commissioned the palace artist sketch finds, which were soon made drawings and etchings.
Pagan god Triglav. The figures are about 1768
That same year, the palace preacher Mecklenburg land novobraniborsky Superintendent and konsistorialny adviser Gottlieb Alexandria Mash (Alexander Gottlieb Masch) (1724 — 1807) acquired all the figures from the collection of Dr. Hemple. Upon learning that the family Sponholts there are still other things, he advised the Duke to buy them as well. For this purpose has been spent from the treasury of 300 thalers House Ratseburgov (Ratzerburg). These crafts are well represented in the engravings in the book Mr. Masha "Die gottesdienstlichen Alterthuemer der Obotriten aus dem Tempel zu Rethra am Tollenzer-See".
Mash in fantastic colors describes the (fictional and of course bloody) details purpose knives, bowls and bronze sculptures of pagan gods. In the same author reports that the bronze idols of the Slavs produced, of course, the Greek master! In the book, you can, for example, read the following statement …
"Pagan idols were frightening appearance. They were dressed in armor and other armor, armed with an ax, which gave them a menacing look. You can not find a scientific explanation for the origin of these venedskogo idols. If any of them were masters, it is foreigners who want to visit the land for subsequent conquest "(p.38).
"They were considered beautiful to combine the human body with the head of a lion or dog. Therefore idol manufactured so as to comply with the tastes of the Wends "(p.39).
Kachuyuschie Wends would give anything for that to have idols they would be able to worship and to shame many a cold and rational Christians — they will soon be so many that [Wends] will have to sacrifice something of their wealth [of] religion and ministry God (p.46).
In the collection, we can see a small Slavic Piper height 8.5 cm (»wendischer Dudelsackpfeifer«). Superintendent Mash interprets this figure in his book of 1771 as a miniature statue of the deceased in 999 Slavic leader Misislava.
Piper figure (made around 1768).
Some people have doubts about the figures. But most scientists enthusiastically accepted these "finds". And Gideon went Sponholts continue to constantly make the "discovery." They had been misled, even such an outstanding Polish magnate, versatile scholar, storyteller and writer, historian and expert on oriental languages, as the Count Jan Potocki (Jan Potocki) (1761-1815), which is also traditionally considered the founder of Slavic archeology. While Potocki traveled to Mecklenburg ground to on-site study Slavic antiquity.
And that's when, in 1828, one of the former companions Sponholtsa admitted that he, along with Gideon and another potter those manufactured the gods. However, defenders of the idols was considered the statement "babbling lunatic old man."
It goes without saying, that the so-called "Priloyskih idols" associated with luzhichanami. Little lion, from which all this hype started, first mentioned in 1869 in the journal "; asopisu Ma; icy Serbskeje" as reliable evidence existed once a lion, who accompanied the pagan god Flinsa. In 1855, historian Korl Awgust Jen; (1828 — 1895) wrote in his article "God Flints« ("P; ib; h Flinc") among others, the following: "The lion is, according to all the old chroniclers, the symbol of the Slavic Chernobog; this deity was honored with the same name and in the retreat. Even without antiquities once militant luzhichan and detection in the years 1687-1697 the village near the Mecklenburg Prilvits findings known from that time as "prilvitskih Antiquities", having at its disposal only one lion, which is seen on the back of his name written in runes — «Zernebocg», that his whole posture, especially the position of the hind legs, focus on the front and chest, indicating that once he was on some pedestal … "
Piper figure (Figure 1771)
Still, bronze artefacts were exposed as counterfeits for a long time. In 1855, the historian Dr. F. Lish (Dr. F. Lisch) in the annual edition of the Antiquities in Schwerin (Zwerin-Schwerin) makes a devastating conclusion: "The entire collection, Masha, Potocki (= Gideon) is composed of counterfeits." Only then, again, decades later, the truth came to reality.
In the Sorbian museum in Hochebuze Now you can see the separate exhibition called "falsified the idols Slavs» ("Sfal; owane s; owja; ske p; ibogi! — Gef; lschte Wendeng; tter!") And see the 170 bronze artefacts, followed by 15 explanatory -negative stands and nine posters of prints. On the occasion of the current exhibition published an information booklet "Sfal; owane s; owja; ske p; ibogi! — Gef; lschte Wendeng; tter! "And of a separate booklet (published REGIA, 2005). In them the author
Mash Werner (Werner M;; kank) refers to the time of pre-Christian beliefs of the Slavs, and comes to the extraordinary conclusion that some of Lusatian legends and traditions are preserved traces of old Slavic gods!
Sorbian Museum in the center Hochebuza, 12 Mill Road (M; y; ska droga 12) is open Tuesday to Friday from 8.30 do18.00, Saturday and Sunday from 14.00 to 18.00.
Author: Werner Philistine Werner Meskank, Chosebuz
Translation S. Bazlov
Image taken here: www.runjewonline.info