"We were trained by Russian textbooks, where the emphasis was on the imperialist disposition of the First World War, which became the forerunner of the 2-revolutions of 1917. All true, but that does not negate the Russian soldiers committed deeds, "- says Duma deputy Anatoly Lisitsyn.
The whole world on November 11 marks a historic event, This day in 1918 the Armistice was signed which meant the surrender of the German Kaiser and put an end to the First World War. It lasted four years and three months in her fire killed almost 10 million people, of them every fifth — Russia. This day is celebrated in the countries of the former Entente, in the U.S. — Veterans day, in the states of the Commonwealth of England, including the very Britain, Australia and Canada — a day of remembrance, in Belgium and France — day truce. Only in Russia there is no date associated with the First World War. But this is our victory! At least, is convinced of the ex-governor of the Yaroslavl region, and now a State Duma deputy Anatoly Lisitsyn, who became the founder of the initiative on amendments to the Federal Law "On the days of military glory of Russia and anniversaries." Lisitsyn proposes to include in the official calendar of August 1 — day of the First World War.
— Why are you suddenly turned to the topic, Anatoly?
— Not all of a sudden. My grandfather, Andrew Sydorovych Gromov, waged war on the battlefields of the First World War. The farmer, he became an officer, brought home three of the cross of St. George. Gold medal in the hungry twenties changed to bread and two silver stored at me as invaluable family heirlooms … A couple of years back for the service I was in Belgrade and the case learned that there is an abandoned Russian cemetery. I have seen a human being stung. In fact, it almost fell on the main burial World our fellow citizens. It is already established and documented to: to "New groblyu 'grave is located 741 Russian soldiers, including 100 on April 20 royal army generals, 3 pravitelskogo Navy admirals, two hundred and eighty six colonels and captains of the first rank. There is a fraternal burial. And not far from the cemetery in the Russian Church of the Holy Trinity and is Pyotr Wrangel.
— That the Baron, who had escaped from the Crimea ashamed of Misha Frunze?
— So you are repeating the typical mistake … Yes, that is their commander in chief of the armed forces of the South of, Lieutenant-General. On the final snow-white guards we often judge the book by the same name Misha Bulgakov and feature films such as "Running" and "Two Comrades Were Serving." Panic civilians, officers hysterics, the samples at the last moment to jump aboard the overloaded ship … But this is one side of the coin, as was another. The evidence shows, and of contemporaries Wrangel credit him with ideal company evacuation. During the three day or from the Crimea sailed about 150 thousand people — civilians and refugees army. Panic broke out only in Feodosia, in other places the situation was under control. When the armada of ships came to the raid of Constantinople, to the Allies by a real problem of what to do with the large mass of the people. The Russian military're not going to lay down tool, firmly believes that soon will be a new campaign against Soviet Russia. Army continued to feel the army. Responsible for the Turkish occupation of the French zone immediately offered to disarm. Wrangell refused to even open a discussion that. A significant part of the soldier positioned in a field camp in the desert the Gallipoli peninsula that our spontaneously renamed Nagoya field. Army Corps was created, which included an artillery brigade, infantry and cavalry divisions, technical regiment, railway battalion. Separately based Don and Kuban housing. First, the French helped the allies in the coalition provisions and uniforms, but they soon got bored with the role of disinterested patrons. As compensation for services rendered, they claimed from Wrangel entire fleet, and this, I am sorry, more than 280 vehicles! The situation continued to deteriorate, let come and Turkish, but the winter, in the midst of war began disease and hunger, someone tried to return home, but the Bolsheviks without regret defectors put against the wall, and the flow of deserters rapidly dried up. Baron Wrangel all this time was looking for a place where it could move army. In the end, in the summer of 1921, he made arrangements with the Government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of SHS), then known as the future of Yugoslavia and the Russian began moving to Belgrade. At some point, there lived 70 thousand former subjects of the Russian empire. Serbian ruler Alexander I was listed as Russian pet, he graduated from the Corps of Pages in St. Petersburg, had several Russian orders. Besides Karageorgievichu first past century intermarried with the imperial Romanov family, and letters of Alexander I to Nicholas II resemble correspondence son and father. Our country is heavily supported the Slavic brothers in the First World War, the Serbs will remember the good. All this could not affect the foreign policy of the Belgrade government. Alexander I did not recognize Soviet Russia, where virtually all of Europe has already done this. He did not forgive the Bolsheviks execution of the royal family. Hurt did not set a condition of mandatory disarmament of Wrangel's army. Most of the arrivals were arranged in an organized manner on border patrol, engaged in the construction of railways and the clearing of forests. Many parts have kept the old military way, Russian officers continued to wear the uniform, but, for example, who worked on the sweet and sawmill Guards Division under the command of Colonel Rogozin has existed in the form of constant right up to 1941. Alexander I paid our military salary comparable to that obtained Serb officers, and built on behalf of the Karadjordjevic dynasty gave Russian emigrants house in the center of Belgrade. Also identified four sites in the cemetery, "New groblyu" for small-sized burial. There, by the way, lies and teacher of Alexander I by the Corps of Pages. Case they encounter on the street, the master invited the colonel to the palace, but he hesitated to go, since the shape of worn out, and the latest was no place to take him. Yes, lived in exile in different ways, used to teach Serbian generals boys riding … Yet at the expense of the Diaspora was built Iver chapel, a clear copy of the one that stands on the Red Square in Moscow. In the crypt is the tomb of Metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky) long years performed the duties of the First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. There is a monument in the cemetery of the Russian Glory, almost the only place where you can lay a wreath in memory of the Russian soldier who fell on the First World War. Who oversaw the project, General Lane EHEC two heart attacks, lasted until the system work. Why is it not just blame: and the theft of funds raised, and a lack of professionalism, and dances on the bones. We'll go eat! In short, everything is in Russian …
Built in 1935 by architect Roman Verkhovsky then also consecrated the monument is a crypt-pedestal, which transported the exhumed remains of 387 members of the Russian Expeditionary Force who died in 1916-1918 on the Salonika (Macedonian) front. There, our troops have gained significant success, fighting shoulder to shoulder with the Serbian and French warriors. In addition, in the crypt are the remains of 136 officers and a soldier
14 years Russian artillery batteries defending the siege of Belgrade in the Austro-Hungarians and Germans. Here in the mass grave are four prisoners were executed for refusing to ship the Austrians shells on the front, two navigator with monitor "Tiraspol", who died in the Danube port Kladovo, and more than 100 of our soldier who died in the hospitals Austrians occupied Serbia.
In the temple of the Holy Trinity, has the status of the Russian Orthodox Church and monastery also built at the expense of Russian settled in Belgrade, the remains of Baron Wrangel. Petro died in 1928 in Brussels, but bury themselves in the Orthodox world. His will executed in compliance with the truly royal honors. Reburial of the day has been declared a non-working in Belgrade, 10's of thousands of people took to the streets to carry out military general to rest. A military parade, next came the Russian and Serbian columns … About four years back Nikita Mikhalkov descendants of Baron offered to carry his remains in the Donskoy Monastery, to which the grandson of Peter Nikolaevich lawyer Peter Bazilevskii refused. I can read an excerpt from that letter: "Near the cemetery are thousands of fellow officers, officials of his army, he unceasingly devoted to which he gave the last of his strength. Mutual trust in chief and his subordinates has no limits — it is not limited to any loss or prescription of years. Both in life and in death, he is in order, together with its officers, soldiers, Cossacks. Mark the moment it — 1st — for reburial in Moscow can only be on a very respectful reason. If he were alive, it is unlikely he would have agreed to throw his army for the honor to go to Moscow alone, knowing that there is hitherto respectable place near the Kremlin took Lenin and Stalin … "
— Deep, see you bit into the subject, Anatoly!
— The question is not about me. When I first visited the cemetery here in Belgrade, it was sad for the power, in other words to say. "Novo groblyu" — something like the capital of Novodevichy. There is a pantheon of famous people in Serbia, there are areas with French, Italian, Austro-Hungarian, Bulgarian and British military graves. And only the Russian graves are in poor condition — fallen and broken crosses, overgrown with weeds and debris pelted nameless hills … Fair word, shameful! While the relatives of the victims were alive, they looked after the necropolis. But in 1944 came to the Balkans Russian army, and there was a massive final emigres. Many have left the ocean, took part of the archives. In fact, after the second world our cemetery was abandoned. No one was paying for the lease of land, not caring for the graves. By law, the Serbian authorities have long been able to plow an old burial sites and realize anew, but did not do it just out of respect for Russian, lying in their own land. With all of this now, there are about 10 ka Russian-Serbian friendship societies, no one knows their precise number, but each claims the right of primogeniture, and the lion's share of time spent on the fight with rivals. As the saying goes, 7 nurses …
In short, I came to the local Orthodox ruler and said: "I am ready to assist in the reconstruction of I Read more." First, Father Vitaly did not believe me, "Here and earlier were the highest people in Moscow, many of which were promised, and later leaving — and meet." Archpriest Vitaly — third dynasty Tarasevyh priests who serve in the temple of the Holy Trinity in Belgrade. Grandfather of today's abbot came to the capital of the Kingdom of SHS, along with an army of Wrangel. Father Vitaly provides invaluable assistance to the preservation and restoration of the Russian necropolis. With his active support for the church books and archival records we found the names, dates of life of many citizens, buried in the "Novo groblyu." Lived here since not only the military. Suffice it to say that in the 20 years were published in Belgrade on 6 Russian literary magazines. 6! Immigrants from the Russian Federation raised, and sometimes made from scratch some branches of industry in Serbia. At some point, every third doctor Belgrade Institute was Russian. And the modern Serbian Russian ballet has only roots. Many buildings in the town were built by the architects of our projects. Nikolai Krasnov, at one time in the Crimea vozvedshego many beautiful temples, villas, palaces, including Livadia, and was awarded the title of academician of architecture, in seventeen years, right before his death in 1939, managed by the expert group on the monumental buildings of Belgrade. A distinguished citizen of the town, he participated in the design of more than 30 buildings, including the People's Assembly, the Government and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia … Nikolai buried in the "Novo groblyu" next to his wife. In the pantheon of prominent Serbs are thirteen of our fellow citizens. So marked their awards in front of the newest home. A little away from the Russian sector is the tomb of Misha Rodzyanko pravitelskogo court chamberlain, chairman III and IV of the State Duma from 1911 to 1917 year. Lies near the remains of the famous general, the creator of the Volunteer Army, a member of the Turkish-Russian, Russian-Japanese war and World War Adjutant General Misha Alexeev. He died in 1918 in Ekaterinodar, but retreated under the blows of the Reds Cossacks, his remains were transferred to Serbia …
The more seriously engaged in the topic "New groblyu", all the more curious things open. Although almost all remains to be seen. I initiated a contract between Belgrade and Institute of Teachers' Training Institute, launched a joint research work. In such large projects alone does not overpower anyone. Because I have tried to involve state agencies to cooperate. Met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov, in a private conversation assured the prime minister, Vladimir Putin, that the subject is worthy of attention. In the end, was created by the board of trustees, which includes Boris Gryzlov, Sergei Shoigu, Sergei Stepashin, Nikita Mikhalkov, Alexander Shokhin … The project deals with my charity, supervise it together "United Russia" and the Democratic Party of Serbia. The project documentation is prepared. It remains to decide on the money. Requires three million euros to tidy necropolis Iberian chapel, a monument of Russian Glory. Make it for ages! We figured, if funding is not delayed to August 1, 2014, the centenary of the First World War, have time.
— Blessed are those who believe …
— Realize what a thing: our citizens went into the land, and to preserve the memory of them must first be specifically interested us.
— Cause and wish to perpetuate the official calendar date associated with World?
— In almost all countries, that war called majestic. In France, the head of the country on November 11 lays down a wreath at the Tomb of the unknown soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. In England, the main event in honor of those killed in World held at the cenotaph, in a literal translation from the Greek — the "empty tomb." Every self-respecting Brit Week is a plastic poppy in his lapel. In the second Sunday in November at eleven o'clock in the morning the Queen, the Prime Minister, the generals are poppy wreaths at the Cenotaph in Whitehall, and the country on two minutes into silence. In Serbia, memorable events take place at the "Novo groblyu." These involved the ambassadors of foreign countries, only ours, Russian, no. We were trained by Russian textbooks, where the emphasis was on the imperialist disposition of the First World War, which became the forerunner of the 2-revolutions of 1917. All true, but that does not negate the Russian soldiers committed deeds and generalship of the genius of the royal generals. Not to mention that, according to the views of many notable historians, the second glob
al The first was a continuation of the unfinished … The law "On the days of military glory and memorials of the Russian Federation" was accepted in 1995, and I suspect this was done hastily, otherwise than clarify aspects of selection, in which some actions are mentioned in the calendar, others not at all? No one argues with the validity of the presence or in the list of Kulikov Battle of Borodino, but why is there the least includes several important victories, memorable, perhaps, the only chroniclers of military affairs, and there is no single date associated with the First World War? Yes, the day has the defender of the Fatherland conditional relation to the events of the war, but it is faster than a myth invented by Comrade Trotsky. February 23, 1918 there was no outstanding victories of the Red Army over the Kaiser troops near Pskov. Faster, were some clashes with the local successes of background on a large tactical defeat. But Brusilov Offensive deserve to be mentioned in the middle of the days of military glory. The celebrated Marshal Foch wrote, "If France has not been erased from the map of Europe, first thanks to the courage of Russian soldiers." And this is a line from a poem collector Victor Leonidova emigrant archives:
And in the sixteenth, cursed,
And by way of the cross
From Russia were fighters
To save France.
And Europe consolation,
They fought the Russian brigade,
To cover up for the Paris.
The French, means remember the feat of our fighter, and we're not. Is this true? And Churchill wrote that the Russian empire almost won the World, and later she fell moth worms inside. And I will say this: the Serbs did not give quite overgrown Russian graves. Created activities of the group, led by local businessman Milan Radenkovich. He and his supporters pochetaemyh number of people in the country are ready to autonomously start collecting funds for the restoration of the Russian necropolis on the "Novo groblyu." If the rich Our homeland does not, our work does not fulfill the most prosperous Serbia by European standards. Just as we feel later? ..
Belgrade — Moscow