For at least some adekvatnomyslyaschego man has long been no secret that we live in a world that does not accept anyone for the people, or rather, not to all the people, in which the vast majority of living by the rules of a small minority, and the world — a very hostile and rules aimed at the liquidation of the majority. How could this happen? How hlipenky David managed to climb onto the neck of a great big Goliath and flog him, his legs dangling carelessly? Cunning, deception yes, in the main. One of the methods that are largely forced to submit to a minority — this falsification of the past. This was outspoken very smart, but damn fierce Pope:
This method of "peaceful submission" was much more effective subordination of force. For acts unnoticed for podchinyamyh, gradually immersing them in a mental sleep, and Overmaster not experience unnecessary discomfort — not stain pens and knives do not wave. Their main weapon — a pen and ink. So they are, of course, is after all the carriers of the truth, of which there has always been a little on the physical level, was killed about their perverted, from time to time to reverse, and all their inheritance carefully, until the last leaf was collected and taken to the for themselves. That they could not take away, without hesitation destroyed. Recall that were destroyed Etruscan Library in Rome, Alexandria, and the library of Ivan the Terrible, without any trace missing.
After stripping favorites inventing his story and appointed its own heroes. Since we live at the moment in an aggressive parasitic civilization, and all those whom she praises, who calls the majestic, gave her some invaluable service, brought my 5 cents to the cause of its formation. Moreover, since syzveka confrontation between the world was going parasitic civilization and civilization Russov then and the current heroes — heroes of social parasites, enemies Russov. The only useful at this point — is that distinguish who we are totally different, simple. If any historical figure extolled to the skies, he rebuilt nemeryannom sniper monuments, plaques, and call it the naming of the street, it is a sure sign that he did rusam some sort of abomination. And the more praise, the more disgusting. This is also true in the case of working — the more abuse, the person swears by something not very pleased parasites. Need to understand just what.
Russian Czar, who in his manifesto about the stability of the autocracy of 29 April 1881 heralded a shift away from the liberal policy of his father, which freed the hands of the revolutionary movement, to develop tools to Jewish, and advanced to the first plan of "maintaining order and power, the strict observation of justice and economy. A return to the eternal principles of Russian and Russian interests of ensuring everywhere, "Lofty no names and monuments, Colossus does not set. Alexander III in general is very unpopular in the middle Russian liberastov or contemporary or modern to us.
They made him the reputation of slowpoke, a person with limited capacity and non-personal (about a nightmare!) Limited vision. Recognizable municipal worker and a lawyer AF Stallions that rendered the verdict suicide Faith Zassulich the case of the assassination of the mayor of St. Petersburg General Trepov, dubbed him "behemoth in epaulets." And the Minister of Communications of the Russian Empire and later the money SY Witte gave him such a characterization: Emperor Alexander III was a "lower middle of the brain, below the average capacity and lower secondary education, in appearance like a huge Russian men from the central provinces, and yet it is its own appearance, which was reflected in his great character, a beautiful heart , kindness, justice, and at the same hardness, certainly impressed. " And it is believed that it belonged to Alexander III with sympathy.
What did Alexander III has earned for itself a kind of attitude?
Specifically, in his reign Our homeland has made a huge leap forward, pulling himself out of the swamp of liberal reforms, which have started Alexander II, who himself from them and dying. Member of a terrorist party "People's Will" threw a bomb at his feet. The country then was going on about the same as the rapid impoverishment of the people, the same inconstancy of lawlessness which we have arranged Gorbachev and Yeltsin, almost a century later.
Alexander III was able to create magic. There is a real technological revolution has begun. Rapid pace of industrialization was. The governor was able to achieve the stabilization of municipal money that allowed to start preparing for the introduction of the gold ruble, which was carried out after his death. He fought furiously against corruption and embezzlement of public funds. At the municipal offices and business executives tried to appoint Pat-Riot defending the national interests of the country.
The country's budget was in surplus. The same Witte had to admit "… The Emperor Alexander III had a good owner is not because of feelings of greed, but out of a sense of duty. I'm not only in the royal family, and dignitaries have never seen that sense of reverence for the municipal ruble, to state a penny, which had Emperor Alexander III. It is every penny of the Russian people, the Russian coast of the country, as the best owner could not take care of her … " The tightening of customs policy while promoting the Russian producer has led to the rapid growth of production. Customs taxation of foreign products increased in virtually doubled, leading to a significant increase municipal revenue.
o 1895 increased by 4.5 times, coal — 30 times, oil — to 754-fold. The country was ranked 28 thousand miles of railways between Moscow with major industrial and agricultural areas and sea ports (the network of railways in the years 1881-92., Up 47%). In 1891, construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway strategic concept, which united with the Russian Far East. The government has begun to redeem your private steel road, up to 60% by mid-90s was in the hands of the country. The number of Russian river ships has increased from 399 in 1860 to 2,539 in 1895, and the sea — from 51 to 522. At this time in Russia ended with the industrial revolution and the machine industry has replaced an old factory. Grown new industrial town (Lodz, Yuzivka, Orekhovo-Izhevsk) and entire industrial areas (metallurgical coal in the Donets Basin, the oil in Baku, the textile in Ivanovo). The volume of foreign trade is not achieved in 1850, and 200 million rubles in 1900 exceeded 1.3 billion. rubles. By 1895, the domestic trade increased by 3.5 times compared with 1873, and headed for 8.2 billion. rubles ("RF history from antiquity to the present day" / edited M.N.Zueva, Moscow, "High School", 1998)
Specifically, during the reign of Emperor Alexander III Our homeland is not no day or waged war (Not counting ended taking Kushka in 1885 the conquest of Central Asia) — during which the king dubbed the "peacemaker." All settles only diplomatic means, and, without any looking back to "Europe" or someone else. He believed that the Russian Federation there is no need to find for yourself and allies to intervene in European affairs. Known to his words, which have become winged "Throughout the world, we have only two true allies — our army and navy. All other at first ability opolchatsya themselves on us. " He was very much made to strengthen the army and the defense of the country and the inviolability of its borders. "Our Fatherland, of course, need a powerful army, and invested in, standing at a height of modern military development, but not for the brutal purpose, and only for enclosure integrity and honor of the Russian Federation State. " So it would read, and so he did.
He did not interfere in the affairs of other states, and did not give its own push around. Let me give you an example. A year after his accession to the throne, the Afghans, the British egg instrkutorami decided to bite off a piece of terrain, owned by Russia. King's order was succinct: "Banish and teach how to!", Which was manufactured. Britain salting in St. Petersburg received an order to express the pro-test and claim the apology. "We do not do this" — said the governor and to the dispatch of the British ambassador wrote a resolution: "There is nothing to talk to them." Then he gave the chief border patrol, the Order of St. ZHoru third degree. After that intsindenta Alexander III described his foreign policy as short as possible:
Another conflict was brewing with Austria-Hungary because of the interference of in the Balkan problem. At a dinner in the Winter Palace Austrian salting became quite bluntly open a discussion Balkan question and got excited even hinted at the possibility of raising Av-stri 2-or three buildings. Alexander III was unperturbed and pretended not to notice the sharp tone of the ambassador. Then he quietly picked up his fork, bent it and threw a loop into the device Austrian diplomat and said very quietly:
In his personal life he kept a serious moral rules, was very devout, different thrift, modesty, undemanding to comfort, leisure time spent in the narrow circle of family and friendly. Pomp and ostentation not stand. He would get up at 7 am, went to 3. He dressed very simply. It, for example, often can be build in the soldier boots with pants tucked into them, and at home wearing an embroidered Russian shirt. He loved to wear military uniforms, which reformed, taking as a base the Russian suit, than did her usual, comfortable to wear and fit, cheaper to manufacture and more than applicable for military action. For example, buttons have been changed hook that was comfortable not only for fitting shape, and was eliminated unnecessary shiny object, capable of a sunny day to send the enemy's attention and cause fire. On the basis of this judgment, the sultans were canceled, shiny helmets and lapels. Such a pragmatic ruler certainly offended "refined taste" creative elite.
Ah well describes the painter Alexander Benois his meeting with Alexander III:
Apart from the significance of the ruler had Yeshe and a sense of humor, and in situations like him completely does not have. So, in a township board of a man spat on his portrait. All sentences of insulting His Majesty certainly brought to him. Men sentenced to 6 months in jail. Alexander III laughed and exclaimed: "What! He spat on my picture, and I'm for it will still feed him 6 months? You went to the brain, gentlemen. Send it to hell mom and say that I, in turn, wanted to spit on him. And the end of it. Here are a wonder!"
M. Tsebrikovo writer, one hot-ronnitsu democratization of Russia and the emancipation of women, was arrested for an open letter to Alexander III, that she had printed in Geneva and distributed in Russia, and in which, she said, "has caused a moral slap in the face to despotism." Resolution king was terse: "Let go of an old fool!. " She was sent from Moscow to Vologda Province.
He was one of the initiators of the creation of the "Russian Historical Society," and its first chairman and an avid collector of Russian art. He collected a wide collection of paintings, drawings, decorative and applied art, sculptures after his death, was transferred to the Russian museum, founded by his son, Russian Emperor Nicholas II in memory of his parent.
Alexander III had persistent hostility to liberalism and intellectuals. Known to his words:
He dealt with a terrorist organization "People's Will". Under Alexander III were closed, many newspapers and magazines that promote liberal "fermentation drain", but all other recurring publications, contributed to the welfare of their own fatherland, took advantage of the freedom and the support of the government. By the end of the reign of Alexander III in Russia have left about 400 duplicate publications, of which accounted for a quarter of the newspaper. Grown significantly and
the number of scientific journals and special items amounted to 804.
Alexander III relentlessly pursued the his belief that in Russia to Russian rule. Intensively pursued a policy of protecting the interests of the country and on the outskirts of the Russian Empire. For example, Finland has been limited autonomy, which enjoyed until all the advantages of neutrality under the protection of the Russian army and the benefits of the vast Russian market, but stubbornly refuses to Russian in equality with the Finns and Swedes. All correspondence with the Russian Finnish authorities should now be conducted in the Russian language, the Russian ruble and the stamps were walking right in Finland. The plan was also to force the Finns pay for maintenance of the army on a par with the native population of the Russian Federation and to expand the introduction of the Russian language in the country.
The government of Alexander III took steps to restrict the range of Jewish life, "Pale of Settlement." In 1891, they were forbidden to settle in Moscow and the Moscow province, and were expelled from Moscow about 17 thousand Jews who lived there in the law in 1865, with 1891 set aside for Moscow. Forbade Jews to get the property in the countryside. In 1887, a special circular sets the interest rate of their admission into the institutions (less than 10% in the Pale of Settlement and 2-3% in other provinces) and restricted the occupation of the legal profession (their share in the institutes for legal specialty was 70%).
Alexander III patronized the Russian science. When it opened the first institute in Siberia — Tomsk has been drafted, the creation of the Russian Archaeological Institute in Constantinople, founded by the famous Historical Museum in Moscow, opened the Imperial Institute of Experimental Medicine in St. Petersburg under the control of IP Pavlov Institute of Technology in Kharkov, the Mining Institute in Ekaterinoslavl, Veterinary Institute in Warsaw, and others in Russia by 1894, there were 52 higher education institutions.
Russian science jerked forward. IM Sechenov made the doctrine of the reflexes of the brain, laying the base of Russian physiology, IP Pavlov developed the theory of conditioned reflexes. II Swordsmen made a school microbiology and organized the first in Russia bacteriological station. KA Timiriazev became the founder of Russian physiology of plants. VV Dokuchaev initiated the scientific soil science. Prominent Russian mathematician and engineer PL Chebyshev, plantigrade invented the machine and adding machine.
Russian physicist A. Century brought the first law of the photoelectric effect. In 1881, AF Mozhayskiy designed the first aircraft in the world. In 1888, a self-taught mechanic FA Pancakes invented the crawler tractor. In 1895, AS Popov demonstrated his invention of the first in the world and soon headed for the radio transmission range and reception at a distance of 150 km. Begins his studies founder of Astronautics KE Tsiolkovsky.
It's a pity only just taking off lasted only 13 years. Oh, if the reign of Alexander III would last at least another 10-20 years! But he died before they even up to 50, as a result of kidney disease, which he developed after a horrible train wreck pravitelskogo, which occurred in 1888. The roof of the car, a dining room, where there was a royal family and associates, collapsed, and the government delayed it on their own shoulders, until things have got out from under the rubble.
Despite the impressive growth in (193 cm) and an impressive build, athletic body is the king could not resist such loads, and at 6 years old ruler died. According to one version (informal and formal investigation conducted AF Stallions) train crash was caused by a bomb, which laid the assistant chefs associated with the revolutionary terrorist organizations. They could not forgive him for his zeal adamantly "… Preserve the purity of the" fathers of the faith, "the inviolability of the principle of autocracy and develop the Russian nation …", spreading heresy, that the governor was killed by rampant alcoholism.
Bane of the Russian Tsar shocked Europe, which is magnificently against the common European russophobia. The French Minister of Foreign Affairs of Flourens read:
Even the aggressive Russian Federation recognized the Marquis of Salisbury:
He was the last ruler of the Russian country who really fussed on the protection and welfare of the Russian people, but it is not called Lofty and continuous eulogies as the previous rulers who do not sing.