High in the Caucasus Mountains in Russia found a rich tomb of a warrior, and many other treasures, whose age is estimated at two thousand years.
Among the finds — two bronze helmet. One of them (broken and restored) image is curved ram's horns, while the other suffered a geometric pattern of lines and polylines.
|The overall plan graves of soldiers (here and below the image participants excavation).|
This necropolis is ravaged by looters, but the tomb of the warrior remained intact, according to the gold jewelry, coats of mail, and two iron swords, one of which (length 91 cm) placed between the feet of the deceased. Faces towards the tip of the pelvis buried.
Human remains accompany bones of three horses and cows, as well as wild boar skull. "These animals are highly valued by barbarous peoples of the ancient world," — said Valentine Mordvintseva from the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The relatives of the deceased and the tribe felt it necessary to note a high social position dead. Bones and fragments of pottery hint at the funeral funeral feast.
In the absence of written sources, it is difficult to judge whether it was a man. Apparently, the leader of some nomads.
The grave is located near the village Mezmay in Absheron district of Krasnodar region. "Black", archaeologists found a necropolis in 2004, and scientists arrived in 2005. Analysis of artifacts suggests that people were buried there in the III-II centuries. BC. e.
Researchers have not yet decided to include the findings of any known archaeological culture. This is partly due to the fact that the region is still very poorly understood. Perhaps in areas inhabited by tribes that controlled the trade routes through the Caucasus passes and passes to the developed countries of Transcaucasia
The creators of the necropolis have experienced a clear influence of Hellenistic culture, but at the same time preserved the traditions of their ancestors. According to Ms. Mordvintseva, they were proud of their past. Apparently, the roots of their culture in the ancient past.
One of the characteristic features of this culture — the work on gold. The tomb of a warrior discovered more than a dozen products from the metal. Perhaps the most remarkable artifact — a brooch, decorated with rock crystal. Despite its small size (5.8 by 4.8 cm), the clasp is decorated with several layers. Inside the stone drilled hole threads.
Some gold jewelry designed for weapons. Close with a short sword (48.5 cm) lay golden plate, inlaid with agate and designed, apparently, to the sheath. Nothing like that in these parts of the ancient world, archaeologists have not yet seen. Perhaps culture was indeed original.
|Location plan of animal bones.|
|Helmet with ram horns.|
|The same helmet with ram horns, front view. Theoretically, it could of course be used in battle, but scientists think that it is rather a ritual piece of furniture of the deceased.|
|Helmet with ram horns, reconstruction.|
|Helmet with geometric patterns.|
|Side shields this helmet were folding.|
|On top of the ornamental helmet gaping hole frightening.|
|Helmet with geometric patterns, reconstruction.|
|Gold brooch with rock crystal.|
|Across the stone is a hole into which you can vdet thread.|
|Plate of gold with agate, which apparently adorned sheath.|
|Golden pendant, altered coins from the Hellenistic state. On this side of Athena depicted on the reverse — Nick.|
|Black glazed jar with geometric designs.|
|Bronze mirror with a handle in the form of a female figure.|
|Deer, who was one of the props tripod. Head (with horns), chest and back are made of bronze, torso and neck — of iron.|
|Fragment of iron armor.
The study is published in the journal Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia.
Prepared according to LiveScience.
Category: Archaeological discoveries