British scientists have found out that the creators of the mysterious monument Paleolithic owned technologies that emerged thousands of years later.
Roll — not to drag
Stonehenge — the world famous monument of the Paleolithic. Located in the county of Wiltshire, about 130 km south-west of London. Several tens of hewn stone blocks in a circle diameter of 33 m, the height of these columns — 4.1 meters, width — 2.1 m, weight of each — about 25 tons. Put them on top of the stone-bridge: length — 3.2 meters, width — 1 m, thickness — 0.8 meters. The total height of the building above the ground — 4.9 meters. The stones are fixed by a system of grooves and spikes.
Stonehenge was built about 5000 years ago. Why? Answer to this question so far.
Yes to the question "How?" Scientists find it difficult to answer unequivocally. We only know that the stone blocks weighing 4 tons delivered nearly 300 miles. And not portage, as one would expect. And not on a "sled". After all, no sign of movement found.
— Builders used bearings, — says Andrew Young (Andrew Young) from the University of Exeter (University of Exeter). Together with colleagues, he has spent almost natural experiment. Successful. Which suggests the ancients possessed a very advanced technology.
UK scientists use bearings wise findings in Aberdeenshire, Scotland — in places where too found "standing stones" — multi-ton megaliths and cromlechs. Archaeologists have dug here more than 400 stone balls.
Balls — about the same diameter: 70 mm. This suggested that using them together, not separately. And not for ritual purposes, but purely practical. For example, these balls could be bearing parts.
The idea of Exeter researchers is: ancient builders machined wooden trough. They — placed balls, either stone or wood. Multi-ton stone was placed on the platform, the platform — on balls. And move.
— In this way it was possible to "pass" to 20 miles a day — said Professor Bruce Bradley, supporting the idea of his colleagues. — A movement does not leave any traces.
In the near future — to conduct further transporting multi-ton block with bearings Paleolithic. Scientists and have no doubt that they will succeed.
— I slid one finger the goods in several quintals, — says Andrew. — A few people, of course, shifted something much more serious.
According to the researchers, using gutter balls and builders could even dragged stones bridges, which now form the giant portals of Stonehenge. However, this hypothesis requires a special test.
So what's meant ancient structure? For which our ancestors rolled balls and rend?
Here are a few of the most popular hypotheses, backed to varying degrees:
Stonehenge — a creation of aliens — a sort of analog computer calculations. It was built improvised, because the other was not, and something needed to calculate.
In the arrangement of megaliths, smaller stones and wells located in circles, some encrypted message left to us. Perhaps even aliens. Or high-level civilization.
This is — an ancient astronomical observatory.
This is — a refuge of the great magician Merlin. Supposedly there were going to sacrifice the mysterious Magi — Druids held their coven.
This is — an enormous tomb for rulers. Like the pyramids of ancient Egypt.
It is a place where people are concentrated nourishing stones cosmic energy. And were treated. By the way, today, many visit Stonehenge for this purpose.
Recently there seems to be absolutely fantastic assumption. But it seems to be based on facts. Stonehenge was built for the ancient discos, very serious claim British scientists.
In the rhythm of samba
Study by Professor Rupert Till (Rupert Till), an expert in acoustics and music technology from the University hadersfildskogo (Huddersfield University), showed that the stone megaliths of Stonehenge perfectly reflect and amplify sounds. A set back, they create a striking acoustic effects.
First, Rupert and his colleague Bruno Fazenda seen this virtually recreating the image on your computer is not touched by the devastation facilities. They then went to Washington State (USA) in the vicinity of the town Merihill which built a replica of Stonehenge pristine. And test their ideas in practice. In fact, the sounds coming out of the center, were well and juicy heard throughout the building.
— Particularly impressive effects — echo overlap — occur when the tempo of the melody reaches 160 beats per minute — says Till. — It's the rhythm of samba, which is exciting. And sometimes enters into a trance. Most likely, there were dancing. And it is very intense. Perhaps the ritual dances. Music source can be percussion instruments and singing priests DJs.
There was someone to dance
A little earlier, thanks to the excavations of the famous British archaeologist Mike Parker Pearson of Sheffield University, a few miles from Stonehenge have been found traces of some buildings. Radiocarbon dating showed that elevated them at about the same time as the mysterious Stonehenge.
It soon became clear that there was a huge, almost a thousand houses, settlement. For that time — five thousand years ago — it was a great big city. Scientists had no idea that the British Isles is possible. Now archaeologists have fully examined dozens of houses of this village — stone or made of clay and wood. In all there are traces of hearths, various scattered flint tools.
In other words, Stonehenge was someone for whom the dance and disco suit. Although their function is still mysterious. May be true, people were treated. Or burying the dead with music and dancing.
With a roof over their heads
British architect Bruce Bedlam (Bruce Bedlam) assures that Stonehenge was once looked at all so it is now. And even as it is presented.
Bruce believes that the bars located around the building and the concentric circles indicate: first Stonehenge was covered roof. And like a tent. According to the architect, the bars were needed only to ensure that they rested on wooden beams. And no hidden meaning in the location of these "fixers" no.
Hypothesis Bedlam surprisingly well with the idea of professor of acoustics. Under the roof is much easier and more enjoyable to listen to music and dance.
In other words, according to the two scientists soon, it turns out that at the time Stonehenge was a covered dance floor.
In your comments
Balls are not enough …
The hypothesis of the ball bearings, of course, fun. And rewarding. But hardly balls Aberdeenshire used to just roll over them loads. A similar idea is as naive as the idea about the disco at Stonehenge.
This structure was built over the centuries, throwing, returning again. That is, have a plan that is passed on from generation to generation. Someone has organized thousands of people in semi-creative work. And not slaves. What do they say? As explained by the need to build. Someone has spent a great deal. Or, at least, the effort. For what? Disco to arrange? I doubt it … And I believe that the true purpose of the construction of Stonehenge modern scientists have not yet found.
And the balls of Aberdeenshire are not simple. They — carved. Many engraved patterns and spirals. Some — only partially spherical. And projections — characteristic elements in them.
In short, they do not believe that the carved balls were needed only to roll on them stones. There is still to understand and to understand …