Belarus eliminate all its stocks of highly enriched uranium, and the United States intend to provide this technical and financial assistance. This decision was recorded today in a joint statement, the United States and Belarus, adopted at the end of the meeting U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Foreign Minister of Belarus Sergei Martynov at the OSCE summit in Astana.
According to the statement, Belarus intends to carry it to the next summit on nuclear security in 2012. U.S. Secretary of State called this intention "is very significant and important step in Belarus."
FM spokesman Andrei Savinykh on the signing of the statement said, "Freedom":
"This decision reflects the consistent policy of Belarus, which is aimed at non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. It is also a logical extension of our contribution to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to which Our country joined without any preconditions. This step opens up opportunities for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. "
The official representative of the Belarusian Foreign Ministry also said that U.S. Secretary of State recognized the historic decision of Belarus renouncing its nuclear weapons in 1994, a significant contribution to the cause of nuclear disarmament.
Minsk political scientist Andrei Fedorov thought about this, that in the case of uranium in the relations between Minsk and Washington have been some problems. The Belarusian government has stated that just will not give up on these stocks:
"Like, we have already given to nuclear weapons, but in that did not get anything. However, a couple of months ago a solution was found. And the rhetoric has calmed down considerably. As usual, all the preparatory work has been done in advance. A solemn chord sounded at an important meeting."
According to Fedorov, under this agreement does not fall so much radioactive material — uranium reserves in Belarus insignificant.
Writes, commenting on the event, The New York Times, "the Obama administration has achieved a victory in their efforts to stop the expansion of nuclear materials in the world, having signed an agreement with nesastuplivay the former Soviet republic."
The U.S. authorities for months unsuccessfully sought from Belarus to abandon nuclear stockpiles. As a result, Belarus in April, was not invited to the summit hosted by Barack Obama on nuclear security with the participation of 47 countries, where the refusal of their nuclear stockpiles declared Ukraine.
Now Belarus was invited to participate in the next global nuclear summit in 2012 in South Korea. By the time she was going to get rid of their nuclear stockpiles. In 1994, Belarus agreed to give up its nuclear weapons left on its territory when the Soviet Union.
As for the number of highly-enriched uranium in Belarus have conflicting information. In April, Lukashenko said that his country had "hundreds of pounds" zbroegatovaga uranium, but some sources are quoted saying another top Belarusian officials about 90 kilograms.
According to estimates by the Center James Martin, who delves nepashyrenne nuclear weapons, Belarus has from 170 to 370 kilograms of highly enriched uranium, of which least 40 kilograms of enriched up to 90 percent of the level of treatment that is sufficient to make a nuclear bomb. Officials at the summit in Astana, said that Belarus reserves are 220 kilograms of highly enriched uranium.