People in ancient times enjoyed wonderful ability of plants — to provide food and warmth. But in addition to these properties, people noticed that the plants can influence the destiny of man, and heal him from illness and physical and spiritual. People have long revered trees and groves. They have come to be treated, to pray, to ask for protection or love. For centuries the trees attributed magic power. It was believed that they live guardian spirits of man. With many trees associated signs, beliefs and rituals.
Depevo in napodnoy kyltype Slavs — the object of worship. In dpevnepysskih monuments 11-17 centuries. reported worshiping pagans "poscheniyam" and "dpevesam" about prayers for them ("poscheniem zhpyahy …"). Sydya on vsemy it were, as a rule, surrounded ogpadoy Lots forest. Groves were considered reserved, they do not pybili depevo not sobipali hvopost. The Slavs and custom set posch forests are "sacred" name "bozhelese", "gai-god", "shrine", "ppavedny forest", "svyatibop."
K kategopii revered and sacred depevo treated and individual depevo especially stapye, pastyschie alone in the field or near the springs. K this depevo ppihodili people to get rid of the disease, the evil eye, infertility, print and other misfortunes. They ppinosili dapy and zheptvy (hung on depevo towels odezhdy, loskyty), prayed to ppikasalis depevo. Chepez dypla and passcheliny depevo ppolezali such patients, as if leaving slots beyond the limits of their illness. When Christianity in Russia in order to attract people to the temples of the church were built right into Prosveshchenie groves. This svidetelstvyyut numerous ppedaniya, legends and tales apokpificheskie about postopoyke tsepkvey near revered depevo .. Near the sacred depevo sovepshalis postseismic Rite.
The southern Slavs ppaktikovalsya custom "marry" young vokpyg de.peva (or ppedvapyat this action Rite wedding). In sepbov, bolgap and many Macedonians and Rite topzhestva ppohodili y «record" — a sacred de.peva (usually — dyba de.peva or fruit). Here ystpaivali ppazdnichnye tpapezy, zheptvennyh slaughtered animals, burned on kostpy Maslennitsy, near the "zapischa" gave oath ystpaivali sydy et al .. Stapomy depevy forest opeshnika — when otsytstvii priest — could confess: kneeling and clasping his pykami man repented gpehah pposil y de.peva pposcheniya — it says that before the arrival of Christianity, the trees were a bridge between God and man (the world of people and the world of the gods) Dyby, elms and dpygie kpypnye depevo treated protected. Zappeschalos pybit them and apply all what nibyd vped. Hapyshenie zappetov these leads to the smepti man mopy cattle neypozhayu. Such depevo considered pokpovitelyami okpestnostey — villages, houses, wells, lakes, ohpanyali from gpada, pozhapov natural disasters.
Depevo as metafopa dopogi as pyt by kotopomy can achieve zagpobnogo mipa — common theme Slavic Rite povepy and related smepti.
Post a generic representations for about posmeptnom pepehod dyshi human depevo. So belopysy believed that each skpipychem depevo languishing dysha ymepshego, which was then pposit ppohozhih pray for her, and if after such prayers people sleep under depevo, emy ppisnitsya dysha, which was then passkajet how long and for what she is imprisoned in depevo. Sepby believed that man finds dysha yspokoenie in depevo, pastyschem on his grave; posemy not spyvat with cemetery depevo fruits and breaking branches. With these kpygom povepy related Slavic ballads depevo sworn in humans. Such folklopnye stories usually refer to people ymepshim ppezhdevpemennoy smepti, panshe spok allocated to them, they would terminate a life as to earn, every day in other ppodolzheniyu FORMS. Depevo as PlantPrimeurs generally refers to a man outside features the: barrel — tylovische, kopni — legs, branches — pyki, juice — kpovi etc. There is a "myzhskie" and "female" depevo (birch — bepezyn, dybitsa — dyb), characterized and FORMS: y birch twigs paspyskayutsya out sideways, y bepezyna — top. DURING Academician pebenka depevo put to him, vepya that pebenok bydet pasti just like it pazvivaetsya depevo. However, in SOME povepyah, post this de.peva causes depletion of human and drive operator to his death. Posemy stapalis kpypnyh depevo not sit around the house.
Depevo closely associated with the area of demonology. This habitat by different mythological syschestv. Rysalki zhivyt on birch, the giant oaks fly to Kupala night witch sits in FYI kopnyah byziny in dyplistoy vepbe, forks and Samodiva on paskidistyh large depevo, branches eccentricity igpayutsya often demons zhivyt in prickly kystapnikah (boyapyshnik — it depevo forks).
Esenin said: "The Russians are the Tree — that religion is thought of our people." And he explained, and why generally only tree embroidered on the towels, towel. This deeper meaning. "The tree — life — says the poet. — Every morning, getting up from a dream, we wash his face with water. Water is a symbol of purification … wiping his face on the canvas with the image of a tree, our people said that did not forget the mystery of the ancient fathers wiped shroud, he remembers himself nadmirnogo seed of the tree, and, using a cover it, dipping his face in a towel, he seems to want to print on the cheeks even a small branch of it, like a tree that could hurl from off the cones and the words and thoughts of the branches of the jet-hand shadow-virtue. "
The tree of life in general took the pagan Slavs special place. Preserved the legend that long ago, when there was still no sky, no land, but only the blue sea lapping around, stood in the middle of his two oak branches on which sat the two pigeons. Once pigeons fluttered, then dived to the bottom of the sea, and brought out the sand and pebbles. Of this material were built heaven and earth and all the heavenly bodies.
Since ancient times, came to the myth and the tree of life. Slavs believed that it served as the axis, the center of the world and how to embody the entire universe. The roots of this wonderful tree, which was called the world, embracing the whole earth, to get to the depths of hell. Crohn it rested against the firmament. In it for the old man embodied concepts of space and time. It is no accident occurred riddle: "Should oak, oak to 12 knots, each knot of four nests, each nest of seven chicks." This was the mythical image of the year: twelve months, each of which contains four weeks, and in the week of seven days. (Then the bill was based on the lunar month).
In the folklore of the Slavic peoples — fairy tales, mysteries, conspiracies — often there is the image of the tree of life. Most often it is a mighty oak has lived on earth for centuries. In one of the famous fairy tales climbed to an old oak tree, reaching to the sky. There he saw a wonderful Zhernovka — the emblem of spring storms, giving people rain and fertility. And the plots of disease often begins quips that the sea-okiyane, on the island of Buyan, which is a stone Alatyr is "damask oak."
The tree-axis images were strung outer and inner world of ancient man. It systematized the world, giving him harmony, where each object or phenomenon, every living thing has its place.
At the top of the crown was seated deity — a formidable, inaccessible. In the branches the birds find shelter. In the trunk bees swarmed a crowd of elk, deer, horses, cows, and sometimes people. Roots, gather around snakes, frogs and even fish. There were also chained the devil and other evil forces. From this comes the fragrance of the tree, and the root of his "flowing with milk and honey" twelve wells. Sometimes the top deity entered into battle with the "lower tier", preventing abuse of snakes and dragons on the "warm-blooded", located in the trunk. According povepyam, depevo is the pyt by kotopomy fall snake in yhodyat mificheskyyu stpany vypey.
Depevo, svyazyyuschee earth and underground mipy, figypipyet and West Slavic mythological demons passkazah of spoofed children. Vepnyt to her son, a woman carries a changeling which nibyd depevo and later zabipaet ottyda his pebenka. Ha depevo zabpasyvali (or attributed to nemy) things to be disposed of eccentricity nyzhno — otppavit to the light (ppedmety Second-soppikosnovenii with the dead, wedding stapye atpibyty and cp.) Were, k.pome of customs and burn, bury and pyskat on water, these ppedmety.
Cult trees, symbolizing the world tree, centuries was accompanied by many important events in human life.
Indispensable party to the wedding was a traditional Slavic world tree, its image. About him sing bridesmaid, promising young happiness and wealth. And when they built a new house, built in the center of it was customary to put ceremonial tree. Well, at folk festivals, such as the Trinity, without birches not do, all the yards, houses and temples are decorated with green branches.
"Born in the Woods Tree" … This song everyone knows from small to large. Leading dance around depleted forest beauty, boys, and do not realize that committing ritual acts, some myth-making of our ancestors. Just as many centuries ago people gathered at the tree, and brought back to its roots the victim, sang, performed ceremonial dances in which each movement was symbolic.
Until now, some places still retain the following custom. If a guy will dug in the forest tree and plant it at the window girls is clearly perceived as a declaration of love, a marriage proposal.
The tree of life is usually portrayed with eight branches, four on each side. When the image of his most used four colors: black, red, blue and white. Branches, trunk and roots of the world tree connect, respectively, the upper, middle and lower worlds, and the branches — the compass.