Popularization of the relationship between near-death (CAP) and vnete-forest (EPR) experiences really helped Swiss psychiatrist Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (1926-2004). Its famous five stages of dying (E. Kubler-Ross, 1969; denial, anger, trying to make a deal with fate, depression and acceptance) spawned a movement for death and dying, and may have contributed to a more humane attitude to hospice.
Unfortunately, these steps are not supported by research and do not correspond to what people have in reality (S hermer, 2008). However, in the last decades of the XX century. Kubler-Ross has become something of a guru, there was even something of a cult worshiping her. Perhaps it was she who laid the foundation for a series of television dramas, the main theme of which was the death of (Touched by an Angel; Dead like Me; Six Feet Under; With SI; Curb your Enthusiasm, etc.).
The credibility of the Kubler-Ross, however, was spoiled by an unpleasant incident in her shelter for inconsolable widows. A medium male turban helped widows directly — through sex in a dark room — talk to their husbands unforgettable. During one such meeting by chance the lights came on, which was discovered in the room naked medium (still in a turban). He later explained that the essence of the other world "clone" it for the materialization of the meeting. It is possible that such an explanation to clients disconsolate enough, at least for a while. However, later a few widows was found the same vaginal infection (Rosenbaum, 2004).
Kubler-Ross herself also fell victim to unscrupulous mediums and started making fantastic claims that exist in the world beyond repair shops, where the dead can get free replacement of worn parts. Today, those who study death and dying, trying to simply ignore the legacy of Kubler-Ross.
The term "near-death experiences" put into circulation doctor and psychologist Raymond Moody (Raymond Moody, 1975), widely regarded as the father of the modern movement CAP. His most significant observations is that (1) people who happened to encounter with death face to face, talk about the same sequence of experiences, including extra-corporeal experiences, (2) ECT is a real experience, allowing the dying really see objects that are out of sight, and (3) the CAP are often very deep and completely change a person's life. However, all his statements are based solely on the stories of participants and witnesses.
Several studies involving thousands of people can say that people really seem to talk about some of the same feelings on the verge of death. More often, perhaps, quotes psychologist Kenneth Ring (Kenneth Ring, 1980). After talking with 102 patients suggested Ring OSG1 five stages (not to be confused with the five stages of the Kübler-Ross):
1. calm and a sense of contentment;
2. separation from the body;
3. entrance into the darkness;
4. light ahead;
5. entrance to the world of light.
Most often in the stories featured the first point, but it seems that the whole set almost universal, as occurs in people of different cultures around the world. Moreover, van Lom-stranded and his colleagues found in these experiences some patterns (van Lommel, van Wees, Meyers & Elfferich, 2001). Thus, the mere fact that near-death experience does not depend on the duration of a heart attack, the length of stay in a state of unconsciousness, the drugs used and the fear of death. At the same time, women who were resuscitated outside the hospital, and those who are afraid of death, OSB, as a rule, are particularly vivid and deep.
But what about the claim Moody that the CAP reflect the real movement of the soul, or spirit, out of the body? In Chapter 10, we saw a strong euphoria, the sensation of being in a tunnel of bright white lights and out of the body are not as uncommon and may be associated with physical trauma, brain endorphins (which produce euphoria), stress, taking mind-altering drugs sleep and even with simple tricks and illusions. At death, the body does not leave anything that can be measured. Spirit who dwells outside of the body is not able to see the hidden objects in the room. Appear from time to time reports of people who have returned to life after the death of the brain is most likely to ensure that our devices which record brain activity, are not sensitive and do not notice the hidden sources of brain activity.
Perhaps one of the most important conclusions of Moody — the claim that CAP may be very deep and completely change a person's life. But in order to experience a completely changed your life, not necessarily leave the body or to meet death face to face. A good book, talk to a psychologist, counselor, or just with a friend, or even an accident, after which life changes willy-nilly, can be equally dramatic effect. But Susan Blackmore (Susan Blackmore, 1991) — leading, perhaps, an expert on CAP — says that close contact with death, perhaps not more than this. She has a very important statement about the CAP, which is quoting usually miss:
CAP does not prove that there is life after death. To better understand the CAP, we can best address the neurochemistry, physiology and psychology, but they are much more interesting than any dream. They seem quite real and can transform the entire human life. Any adequate theory must account for this, too, and this leads us to the question of the mind, the self and the nature of consciousness (1991, p. 34).
Category: Life after death, reincarnation