Start of Vega from the American spaceport Kuru burdened challenge Russian professionals

RIA "Novosti", referring to the head of a consular Euro Space Agency in Russia Rene Pishel, said the launch of the new European design — Booster Vega, belonging to the light-weight class with scientific satellites. First start-up was from Kourou, French Guiana placed.

Pishel noted that the launch was held at the estimated time not so long ago with the launch pad fitted. At this point, the Euro Space Agency have all the available range of launch vehicles. It contains the languid Ariane-5, created for launching satellites weighing from 6 to 18.5 tons, the Russian "Soyuz-ST", representing the middle class — from 2.8 to 4.2 tons, and now added to them easy Vega, who can put satellites weighing one and a half tons.

According to him, the first Vega managed to perform one hundred percent the scheduled program from its own flight as a result of which were delivered into orbit scientific satellites Italian production LARES and ALMASat-1, a further seven microsatellites made under programs from CubeSat, supervised by the European institutions.

Satellite LARES separated from the rocket after 55 minutes after starting. And in 15 minutes from the rocket separated seven microsatellites CubeSat and ALMASat-1.

In October 2011, carried out with the Kourou launch first carrier rocket "Soyuz-ST-B" of Russian production, which was to run the orbiting 2-European satellite navigation system Galileo. But there were technical prepyadstviya, and had to postpone the launch. It could hold only the second time.

LARES — Scientific Satellite Space Agency in Italy. It will equip a reflector, which plans to use for tracking the satellite with the introduction of laser stations belonging Internatsionalnaya Laser Ranging Service on Earth. A primary objective of the mission will measure the Lense-Thirring which needed to confirm the general theory of relativity. In addition, the LARES satellite can be used for different measurements in the field of satellite geodesy and geodynamics.

By the size of LARES 36.4 centimeters in diameter, and it weighs about 400 lbs. LARES will have to go into orbit with a perigee of 1.4 thousand km and an inclination of 60-86 degrees.

ALMASat (Alma Mater Satellite) — this satellite which designed and built the specialists from the Institute of Bologna in Italy. His first trial flight was to pass in November 2005. Satellite planned to be launched using a rocket "Dnepr" Russian production, but decided to postpone the launch until the first missile launch Vega. Gallaktichesky the machine will be used in order to inspect the performance of passive electrodynamic system is a set of devices with their orbits, which was developed by Alenia Spazio, together with the Institute of La Sapienza in Rome. Weight La Sapienza. ALMASat achieves 12 pounds, and it consists of cubic prisms.

All of a series of microsatellites CubeSat weigh less than 1.3 kilograms each. Work on them is the California Municipal Polytechnic Institute and Stanford in 1999. During this period of time and created several modifications CubeSat satellites of the series, which will assist universities from all over the planet in the research and development of gallakticheskih research and science.

The successful testing of rocket Vega euro production was not very good news for professionals from Russia. They believe that this could have negative consequences for such developments, which are carried out in our country. According to the views of the editor of the magazine "News of Cosmonautics" Igor Afanasyev, after the flight tests Vega one hundred per cent are over, light missiles conversion of the "rumble", produced in Russia may lose part of the market.

The expert noted that Vega was created by the European Space Agency in order to ensure the orbiting their own devices. Because if Vega and get into the commercial market, it is not earlier than completed all flight tests and gather flight positive statistics.

Afanasyev said that Vega is actually equal to "roar" of the mass of the payload that it can be put into orbit. But in this parameter gives the latest Russian development — the launch vehicle "Soyuz-2.1V", which is planned to experience this year. Now the price of the 1st run "roar" of slightly below what at Vega. But it is possible to explain the fact that the starting price of Euro standard laid down development costs rocket. An accurate estimate of the price is not yet able to give himself ESA.

Also, according to Afanasiev, Vega is superior and the "rumble" and "Union" in the convenience of pre-launch preparation and maintenance. He said that the European rocket even more convenient than the "Union", and even more missiles in what is used the least environmentally friendly fuel, the same "rumble".

Earlier it was reported that the ESA has already signed a contract to launch two satellites Sentinel series with the introduction of missiles "rumble". The first of them is scheduled for 2013. Operator to provide launch services using booster "rumble", will be the company Eurockot Launch Services — a joint venture of EADS Astrium and the Khrunichev center Gallakticheskogo.

Booster "rumble", owned light-weight class, did Gallakticheskom Khrunichev center, using as a base of a two-stage ballistic missile RS-18. It is designed for launching various gallakticheskih vehicles weighing up to 2 tons. At launch three stages, with acts as a third upper stage "Breeze-KM" new standard.

After what happened in the last year of tragedy booster "Roar" is not used. As reported, February 1, 2011 from Plesetsk launch was held rocket "rumble", which was equipped with an upper stage "Breeze-KM". On board was gallaktichesky device "Geo-IK-2." The two first stages worked as normal. But on the job, "Breeze-KM" was recorded emergency, which has become a prerequisite for the satellite "Geo-IK-2" got an unplanned orbit with an altitude of 370 to 1020 km, instead of the planned radial orbit of 1000 km.

Total since 2000, there have been 15 launches from "Roar". 10 of them were made for zabugornyh customers in the programs from Eurockot, and 5 to the Federal gallakticheskoy programmke Russia.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: