The leaders of nearly 70 countries carried out in the capital of Kazakhstan, Astana, a two-day summit, which aims to strengthen the role of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). This is the first such meeting more than in a decade.
The summit was attended by representatives of 56 countries of the OSCE, as well as 12 partner countries of the organization. Among the topics on the agenda — the war in Afghanistan, ethnic clashes in Kyrgyzstan, nuclear non-proliferation and regional conflicts — such as the dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev both said that the OSCE should play a more active role in preventing and resolving conflicts. According to Medvedev, it is necessary to modernize the OSCE as "the organization began to lose its potential." In turn, Hillary Clinton welcomed the fact that Russia recognizes the need for change, but criticized the impediments to send the OSCE mission in Georgia, whose territorial integrity was blown Russian-backed breakaway regions — Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Although Afghanistan is not part of the OSCE, more than 40 member countries participated either in military operations against the Taliban, or in the reconstruction of the country after the fall of the Taliban regime in late 2001. The situation in Afghanistan has been recognized as one of the main issues for discussion, and has been invited to the summit, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who welcomed the calls for greater involvement of the OSCE in addressing the problems of Afghanistan.
Another problem country, a situation which is actively discussed at the summit, it is Kyrgyzstan. After, as president this country Kurmanbek Bakiyev was ousted in April, in Kyrgyzstan, in the following months, there were inter-ethnic clashes. Sworn in July, President Roza Otunbayeva said at the summit that Bishkek will do everything possible to establish inter-ethnic dialogue, promote national reconciliation and strengthen respect for the law and democratic institutions in the country.
Belarus announced at the summit, which eliminates their stocks of highly enriched uranium.
This is stated in a joint statement, the United States and Belarus, adopted at the end of the meeting U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Foreign Minister of Belarus Sergei Martynov.
"The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belarus announced that Belarus has decided to eliminate all of its stocks of highly enriched uranium and the means to implement it by the next summit on nuclear security in 2012," — said in a statement.
The United States will provide technical and financial assistance to possible speedy implementation of these measures.