The electoral program of Yaroslav Romanchuk

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The electoral program of presidential candidate Yaroslav Romanchuk Belarus

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus"

20 difference in the way of job creation

Number Romanchuk Tomorrow The Government TODAY
First A major source of new jobs — entrepreneurs and small business. The development of the labor market — due to large state-owned enterprises.
The second Technological modernization — the hands of private investors. Modernization — by decree, the five-year plan.
Third Clear legal guarantees of property rights, an independent judiciary, the rule of law. Property — in the hands of the nomenklatura, telephone law, management decree.
Fourth The reduced rate of VAT to 15% of the payroll tax (Social Security Fund in) — up to 15% VAT increase to 20%, the payroll tax — 35%
Fifth Unemployment benefit is $ 120 per month Unemployment benefit is $ 16 a month
Sixth Insurance against loss of employment, guarantee free minimum package of health services. Compulsion to preserve the "extra" jobs, lack of quality health services.
Seventh Lump sum at $ 500 Travel to work from monotown. No payments.
Eighth Construction of the budget hostels for young people and workers. Construction of the hockey palace, updating administrative buildings.
Ninth Abolition of forced distribution of students. The increase in time to force mining after graduation.
Tenth The introduction of patents for retail trade for SP High taxes and rent for the SP.
Eleventh Retail trade, personal services, tourism and catering — without a license. Total control over all economic activities.
Twelfth Removing all restrictions on workers Noemi individual entrepreneurs. You can take on only three close relatives.
Thirteenth Properties for sale to tenants at the residual value. High rents.
Fourteenth The privatization of the economy: the pension fund — the transfer of 10% share of the privatized enterprises and 60% of the cash proceeds from the sale of state assets, for workers — 10% share. Grabbing, nomenclature distribution of national wealth.
Fifteenth The right of everyone to buy an international provider of traffic to external markets without mediation "Beltelekom" Monopoli "Beltelekom" and overstating tariffs for Internet 100 times.
Sixteenth Private ownership of land. Lands disposed of nomenclature.
Seventeenth Visa-free regime for EU citizens to enter Belarus, negotiations on visa-free regime for Belarusians. Dear visas for Belarusian citizens of the EU, dear EU visas for Belarusians.
Eighteenth Entry into WTO and international trade rules and standards. Commerce and self-isolation
Nineteenth The free trade zone with Russia, Ukraine and the EU. Trade protectionism, imitation international integration.
Twentieth The autonomy of universities, the gratuitous transfer of the whole property, free competition in the market of educational services. Monopoli Ministry of Education, centralized planning and forecasting labor market.
The results
  Belarusian will work 240 days for himself (personal income from wages and other sources) and 125 days — the state (taxes, the bureaucracy) Belarusian operates 115 days — to yourself, your family, 250 days (68% of the time) to the state (taxes, bureaucracy)
  GDP per capita in 2013. — $ 9500 GDP per capita in 2013. — $ 6300
  The phone must wage in 2013. $ 600 The phone must wage in 2013. — $ 350
  Exports per capita in 2013. — $ 6,000 Exports per capita — $ 4000
  Foreign direct investment per capita in 2013.: $ 2000 Foreign direct investment per capita in 2013.: $ 700
  The share of hi-tech products in exports — 15% (currently 3%) The share of hi-tech products in exports — 5% (currently 3%)
  Place on the quality of the business environment: 25th out of 180 countries (currently 58th) Place on the quality of the business environment: 65th out of 180 countries (currently 58th)
  Place on levels of economic freedom: 30th out of 180 countries (currently 150th) Place on levels of economic freedom: 130th out of 180 countries (currently 150th)
  Place on human development indices: 45th out of 180 countries (currently 67th) Place on human development indices: 70th out of 180 countries

Tension on the labor market of Belarus is growing. Rate of elimination of old jobs are increasing. The demographic situation is complicated. Investment errors accumulate. The financial condition of banks and businesses is deteriorating. Belarusian goods are increasingly losing the competition of foreign goods. "Extra" work force exceeds 30%. Flight of "brain" and arms to gain momentum.

The government has chosen a course of self-isolation, rather than economic integration. Calculation solely on low prices for Russian energy resources is not justified. Officials are trying to create new jobs. We are not very good. There are jobs for construction and road workers, painters and Plotnikov. No place for professional marketers, managers and financiers.

NO good, high-paying jobs — no money for Healthy Eating and Modern education. Without a good job you can not buy an apartment and a car. Without a stable position in the labor market is hardly went wrong family life. With high unemployment is difficult to maintain security and order.

Under the current model of development, new, modern jobs can not be organized. The situation is worse by the global crisis and a sharp deterioration of relations with Russia. The high vulnerability of Belarusian banks and large state-owned enterprises. Small "cosmetic measures accumulated acute problems can not be solved. Extraordinary circumstances require decisive action, intensive therapy.

Unfortunately, the easy, fast and painless solution of problems of the labor market is not. If nothing is done, every year Belarus will lose about 30,000 jobs by 2013. Then the rate of destruction of the labor market will increase. If we continue the current policy of the government, every year in dangerous zone will include the elimination of up to 20,000 old jobs. We offer a comprehensive and balanced program. Within three years of its implementation will allow Belarus to create new jobs faster than the old will be liquidated. Seven foundations Program — is

First support employment, the rapid integration of the unemployed into the labor market
The second creation of a favorable business and investment climate
Third modernization of infrastructure (roads, power, telecommunications, water supply, garbage collection)
Fourth, the development of the financial system (banks, insurance companies, investment funds)
Fifth expansion of markets, economic integration with the neighbors
Sixth adaptation of the system to finance the requirements of the labor market
Seventh human security, stability of state institutions, the culture of hard work

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" will allow us to retain the best and Create New. We will keep the best of the labor market and in the economy of Belarus. The best will survive and prosper without Ward nomenclatu
re. Best would be to work on the most modern technologies in the most distant markets, because it is — the best — created by the most talented, professional and senior officials of our country.

We'll create a new one. New — it is something that chooses youth. Bring us new entrepreneurs and businesses. New — this is what drives the progress and increases social standards elderly. New — it is the continuing importance of our friendship and partnership with its neighbors and the world.

Retain the best and create something new — this is the Belarusian national idea.

May 31, 2010.
Yaroslav Romanchuk,
The Executive Director of the analytical center "Strategy"
Head of the Scientific Research Mises Center
www.ucpb.org
www.liberty-belarus.info
E-mail: romanchuk2011@gmail.com
Blog: http://romanchuk-jaroslav.blog.tut.by/

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus"

Jobs — in the center of all economic and social policies

Good work — is the foundation of the family and the well-being of the country. Good work — is the foundation of self-esteem. Good work — a measure of Health Society, State and business.

To support pensioners and children need a lot of good jobs. To maintain the beauty of our nature and the purity of street needs of the modern workplace. To persuade talented young people do in their own home rather than in a foreign land, you need the freedom to create jobs. To ensure the safety of citizens, we need a new, well-paid job.

New jobs — is the stability of the budget and the pension fund. New jobs — a dynamic development of the regions. New jobs — it's a way out of the demographic pit. New jobs — this is an opportunity to save on rent and education of children.

New jobs — it is an indication that the country you live, updated and progress forward. Evidence of this is the fact that Belarus is interesting for investors. There is no doubt that new jobs — is the economic foundation to support the traditions, the development of national culture and language.

The labor market, the old jobs

In Belarus, at the beginning of 2010. population of 9.48 million. Of those employed 4.6 million people (48.7%). It turns out that one half of the population works for himself, and also provides revenue for the second half. When this people of working age in Belarus for more than 6 million. Younger working age — 1.5 million (16% of the total population), working age — more than 2 million. (22%). With the current demographic trend by 2020. the proportion of people of working age will fall under estimated 10 — 12%, and the proportion of the population of working age in the total population will increase to 25-27%. This will dramatically increase the burden on the budget and, accordingly, taxes on employees.

Industry is the revenge of employment 27% of workers (about 1.2 million), trade and catering 14% (620tys.), education 10% (450tys.), agriculture — 9.5% (440tys.) Construction — 8 , 5% (380tys.), transportation 6% (270tys.), housing and communal services — 4.5%, health, physical education and social security — 7.5% (330tys.).

The city and towns created 80.6% of all jobs (about 3.7 million), in rural areas — 19.4%. By category of personnel in the fields of Economics about 60% are workers, 40% — employees. 26% of the employees are managers (about 450tys. Man).

According to the Ministry of Economy about 30% of existing jobs are under threat of liquidation (about 1.4 million), the current structure of the Belarusian economy has developed during the Soviet era (MIC, Mechanical Engineering, with a large number of workers predpritiya> 5 thousand employees). She survived the deep recession of the 1990s and worked almost unchanged up to the global crisis of 2008 and 2010. Over the last 20 years a real demand in the domestic and foreign markets has changed significantly. With this the Belarusian producers were under the old structure. Mismatch between supply and demand suggests the presence of "dead" capital, ie, the means of production, which is involved in the older plants and can not be used on the new ones. They are so out of date and the level of depreciation is so high that their upgrade is not possible.

In 2009 there was a sharp increase in the number of part-time employment. According to this schedule worked 357,000 people, accounting for 9% of the workforce. In holiday at the initiative of the employer were mailed to 55,000 people. And about 50% of them — without pay. The total number of unfinished time in 2009. amounted to 5.4 million man-hours. This is 4.5 times higher than in 2008. It turns out that about 10% of existing jobs today (about 500,000) is in the immediate risk of liquidation.

The Belarusian economy is "intoxicated" unprofitable assets. The problem is that the Government has not yet determined the place of the most dangerous concentration of structural clots. In the government does not have a clear idea of what the enterprise and in what form can be adapted to the post-crisis period, and which grows wiser and cheaper to run through the procedures of reorganization and bankruptcy. And after all of those at risk elimination of 1.4 million jobs during rapid adoption of adequate measures can save at least half a million.

Thus, the current state of the labor market in Belarus is characterized by the following main provisions:

the current structure of employment is the result of the implementation of plans of politicians and bureaucrats, ie, managers stranger, and not the result of market forces.

The government has exhausted its theoretical, intellectual baggage and can not create new jobs. Employment Service operates inefficiently. Therefore, the new, dynamic labor market can only be due to the emancipation of private initiative and the creation of favorable conditions for business development.

Saving the old structure of employment exacerbates the situation on the labor market in the light of the negative demographic trends, the rapid development of technology, more competitive environment for business development in the neighboring countries, Asia and the European Union.

The government has ignored the problem of single-industry towns, do not pay enough attention to the diversification of markets and the critical issue of improving the competitiveness of the country.

Have run out of full employment policy. A situation where companies are unable to optimize the number of employees in accordance with the existing real demand, reduces the price competitiveness of Belarusian goods deprives the motivation to improve productivity and reduce the possibility of technical and technological modernization.

The labor market is over-regulated. The difficulties of hiring and firing workers, the presence of a large number of administrative restrictions, including a ban on free Noemi individual entrepreneurs, blocking modernization of the labor market.

High taxes on wages stimulate the "shadow employment."

Strong interference of the State in determining the terms of a contract between the employer and the employee reduces the incentive to work for mutual benefit and does not stop the leak, "smart" and highly skilled manual workers.

Forced work on assignment after graduation deprives young people of the opportunity to choose and leads to an inefficient allocation of labor.

Lack of analysis and strategy development of the labor market in the country generates overproduction and hence demand for young professionals, for a variety of specialties and a disadvantage to others. The result is that the labor market is in a superheated state.

Continue to inadequate investment in the finance system. It has not yet been adapted to the training of specialists for
the real labor market.

The state's monopoly on the market of educational services focused on the gross figures, sets extremely high prices for higher finance, requires high school teachers and secondary school teachers to carry a huge amount of paperwork, bureaucratic work.

The labor market situation worsens lock-such major market institutions and mechanisms as

bankruptcy,
Free price,
protection of the rights of creditors and investors,
protection of the rights of shareholders.

For the dynamic development of the labor market must be fully liberalized condition of entry, exit and work on it. This means a significant reduction of licensed activities, the active principle of the use notification when receiving permission. It is also necessary to review the existing system of fines and penalties substantially reduce the tax burden, to ensure the formation of a full-fledged real estate market at the same time decrease in rental rates.

It is obvious that the problems in the labor market of Belarus are comprehensive, institutional. This eliminates the possibility of their solution by only minimal changes to the current situation. The need for integrated problems affecting not only the labor market, but also in finance, business regulation, legal restrictions and other areas of public policy. To create new jobs need quality macroeconomic policy, ie, low inflation, disciplined fiscal policies, a wide scope for private initiative and responsibility for investment decisions.

Four source of new jobs

Officials and politicians (foreign distributors) are the reason for the growth of labor market tension. They create jobs, not where they are needed most, not in such and such an amount and such a quality as required by the market. On the creation of jobs the state spends far more money than the private sector. Moreover, the state can not keep up with the changes in demand and spending big money on the artificial preservation of jobs where they are not needed. Country in which about 400,000 people are employed accounting, institutionally hurt. So a million new jobs in Belarus will create entrepreneurs and private business, including foreign ones.

The first source new jobs — Individual entrepreneurs. Our country has registered about 225,000 individual entrepreneurs. Dunn economic potential of the labor market is very large. Exercise of the right of free hiring workers for the SP, a single tax rate cut three times, introduction of patents, reduced rental rates on objects owned by the government in the three times, reducing the administrative burden on the least significant half liberate IP. Within two years, they estimated would add about 300,000 new jobs. These seats will be occupied as a youth, and lay off workers from state-owned enterprises. SP will create new jobs, mainly in the trade and public catering, consumer services, transportation, vehicle maintenance, hotel and roadside service.

The second source new jobs — small business. In the middle of 2010. Belarus had about 81 thousand small businesses. In the case of the comprehensive measures to modernize the business climate, de-monopolization of the domestic market, reducing the tax burden, at least 40% reduction of the administrative burden from 15% of sales today to 5 — 7%, price liberalization, holding amnesty revenues Small private business for three years in Belarus will create about 400,000 new jobs. They will be filled by laid off workers, local public enterprises, youth workers, and migrant workers from other regions and cities of Belarus. Small business of the country will realize its potential in services, agriculture, industry, including the processing, light industry, wood processing sectors, in software and infrastructure Education, treatment and rest.

The third source new jobs are foreign investors, the number of transnational corporations (TNCs). Today, their potential is severely limited in Belarus. Even foreign companies already operating and commercial organizations with foreign capital could significantly increase the number of jobs. When carrying out a large-scale privatization, the development of a full-fledged land market, ensuring the independence of the judiciary, the establishment of a legal guarantee of property rights, with deregulation and monopolization of economy, liberalization of current and capital accounts, the adoption of basic market rules and EU standards for products and services, creation of a free trade Russia, Ukraine and the European Union, the volume of foreign direct investment rose from U.S. $ 250 per capita in 2009. and $ 1,300 (Level Czech Republic, Poland and Kazakhstan). Within three years, foreign investors and enterprises with foreign capital in Belarus will create at least 200,000 jobs. They will occupy the vacated state-owned industries, laid-off state employees, graduates, employers, and reduced by the security forces. New jobs will be created, mainly in industry, services and transport. Foreign capital will create a lot of jobs in the financial sector, industry and infrastructure sector.

The fourth source of new jobs — past restructuring, modernization, partial or full privatization of large and medium state-owned enterprises. After the detoxification of assets and liquidation of "dead" capital, optimizing the number of old jobs, attracting foreign and Belarusian partners, the development of adaptation strategies for post-crisis demand, businesses will be able to present within three years Post 100,000 new jobs.

The balance of old and new jobs: to increase employment and improve the quality of the labor market

The balance of the labor market after the implementation of the proposed changes will look like. Of today's 4.6 million jobs 1.4 million jobs are at risk. Time taken by the Embassy of the transformation of the labor market can save half a million of these jobs. This leaves 3.7 million jobs available today. Total Individual entrepreneurs, small business, foreign investors, including multinationals and large enterprises restructured within three years from the date of implementation of these programs will create one million new jobs. Thus, the total labor force will grow to 4.7 million jobs. It will change the structure by sector. With a slight decline in employment in agriculture will be the reallocation of labor from industry to the service sector.

Given a favorable situation, the deepening of market reforms, the successful formation of the free trade between Belarus and Russia, the countries of the "Eastern Partnership", the EU, and with the new industrial countries of Asia, the modernization of migration policy, the structure of employment in the country comes close to the structure of employment in the Central and Eastern Europe.

The dynamics of the labor force by economic sector

Country Agriculture Industry Services
Poland 17.4 29.2 53.4
Lithuania 14 29.1 56.9
Russia 10 31.9 58.1
Slovakia 3.5 27 69.4
Belarus 2009 9.5 39.7 51
Belarus 2013 * 7 30 63

* Assessment of the Scientific Research Mises Center, May 2010.
Source: The World Fact book, CIA, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html

With what money will create new jobs

Individual entrepreneurs will create new jobs, mostly with his own money, for borrowed funds from family and friends. As a source of credit resources for the individual entrepreneur Government will create favorable conditions and incentives for the development of micro-finance institutions and credit unions. Estimated, about $ 2 billion. savings and borrowed resources transmitter can be used to create new jobs. Individual entrepreneurs will create new jobs, mainly in the field of trade and public catering, consumer services, transportation, roadside service and craftsmanship, that is, in those areas that do not require large capital to enter the market.

Private Small and Medium Business counting on your savings, working capital, as well as bank loans. They are cheaper, and better credit conditions will become a reality in the results raise new capital in the banking sector, privatization and development of her full competitive environment, eliminating the discriminatory practices on the part of state banks and other financial institutions. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) will be a partner in joint ventures with foreign investors. The investment potential of small and medium-sized businesses, which will be used to create new jobs, estimated at $ 2 billion. The main sphere of creation of new jobs SMEs — is wholesale and retail trade, catering, industry, construction, computer and consumer services, advertising, printing, and consulting services.

Foreign investors and transnational corporations (TNCs) is the main source of new technologies. What is their value lies in the fact that they have the potential to progress of the goods and services produced in Belarus, in foreign markets. They are also a source of innovation and skills in management and marketing. The program involves the active participation of foreign investors in privatization and the creation of their commercial organizations with "zero", the so-called investment "green field". The main sphere of creation of new jobs Foreign Capital — Partizan are financial (banks, insurance companies, foundations), industry, infrastructure sector, mining, oil and energy, agriculture, logistics, and transportation. When creating a favorable investment climate of Belarus, who, of course, involves the safe protection of the rights of private property, including land, as well as entry into the WTO, the establishment of free trade with Russia, Ukraine and the EU, foreign investors product meets all required to invest in Belarus to $ 10bln in 2013.

Fully or partially privatized large and medium state-owned enterprises (In partnership with the private Belarusian or foreign capital) will hold the restructuring and modernization of obsolete industrial base, as well as adapting the old industrial base to the actual demand of the domestic and external markets. Solutions for the modernization of enterprises will adopt NOT officials and politicians, and investors and shareholders. Every major public company will be restructuring and privatization of individual business plan that excludes them eliminate external competitors. Attracting reputable international consulting company for the adaptation of large state-owned enterprises to the new conditions of the global market, the adoption of clear rules of conduct privatization will minimize the possibility of abuse, lost to the budget and dramatically reduce the risk of falling into the hands of taenia assets inefficient owners and managers.

Dunn Enterprises Group will attract bank loans, issue their bonds, offer packages offer for potential investors, as well as obtain the resources by entering the stock markets. Estimated investment potential of the large and medium-sized businesses (public and privatized) is about $ 10bln.

Resources and budget for the implementation of business Programs

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" must become the center of a new strategy for the development of our country. The idea of job creation is much in tune with the national idea than the slogans of five-year plans and failed projects of the official ideology.

For the implementation of the programs expected First, reduction of the tax burden from current levels of around 45% to 30%. This means that the disposal of commercial organizations and consumers will be $ 5 — 6 billion. Secondly, will decrease the administrative burden and bureaucratic burden in half, from about 15% of revenue, up to 7% of revenue. This means that in the hands of individual entrepreneurs, private and public business will be $ 7 — 8mlrd. Thirdly, be redistributed expenditures. In the Iron amount saved costs for law enforcement, national defense and ensuring the smooth operation of government. If this will be significantly limited the costs of the "National Economy".

Rather than run to spend about $ 6 billion. to support commercial projects of dubious quality, which often aggravate the situation in the labor market, emphasis will be placed on support for temporarily unemployed (issuing grant and funding programs for retraining and Education). For these purposes will be sent to about $ 1 billion. The second major item of expenditure — the cost of construction of hostels for workers and youth. For this purpose each year will be allocated $ 500 million. (About 20 residences per year). Another article of the budget costs will be the costs of improving the quality of road infrastructure. In comparison with 2010. costs Dunn article will be doubled, with about $ 500 million. in 2010. up to $ 1 billion. each year during 2011 to 2013.

The revenues from privatization, foreign investment, money laundering businesses and citizens, remittances and the emancipation of entrepreneurship within the country average annual resource for the creation of new jobs in 2011, 2013. will be $ 7-10bln.

Seven foundations of modern labor market

Creating a dynamic labor market in Belarus requires a coordinated, integrated action not only to government but also business and civil society. Success is also necessary to change the attitude of people to work, to his employment as a whole. It is important to make a bet on the development of an entrepreneurial culture, respect for the work and achievements of others, to revive national tradition of respect for private property.

The new, high-paying jobs may not be the result of decisions and actions of Government alone, no matter how modern it was not. To create a modern labor market with minimum levels of unemployment, ample opportunities for young people, great economic potential for investors and entrepreneurs need to establish a new balance of interests. It is definitely a place for the State. However, the basic decisions on the election areas of activity, the amount and form of investment, the location of production, the number of jobs, wage levels should take the authors of a particular business plan, which is implemented on their own, and not on the byuzhetnye money.

Unemployment — the
fact of the Belarusian economy. It is. Its much more than a report to the state government bodies. The authorities prefer to "paint" in the report 1% unemployment and not to take steps to combat it. Since there is no phenomenon, then the fight is nothing. More responsible and socially-oriented approach — to recognize the true size of the unemployment rate (calculated by the method of the International Labour Organization), requires adequate measures to protect the temporarily unemployed, and, most importantly, to focus on the creation of conditions in the country, where entrepreneurs, small businesses, large enterprises and foreign investors create new jobs.

The situation of unemployed reached a dead end. The government prevents the optimization of Labor for state enterprises. Workers have no motivation to retire and be retrained. Unemployment benefits in Belarus — one of the lowest in the world. In addition razabrats need to work on public works. Because of the high tax and regulatory burden, weak property rights, lack of land ownership, the discriminatory practice of public sector commercial organizations can not create enough jobs. The situation is exacerbated undeveloped real estate market (high prices for rent and commercial real estate), the availability of the registration procedures, and the lack of quality infrastructure re-education and re-training of employees.

The adoption of comprehensive measures to create the country's dynamic job market — it's not a fad reformers or requirements from external creditors. This insistent demands of the time. Do not take adequate measures to modernize the labor market would worsen the overall socio-economic situation in the country. Doing nothing will result in the acceleration of tempo destruction of old jobs at 20 — 30 thousand a year. Given the negative demographic and migratory trends Belarus could become a fait accompli when the year we will lose an average city workers. Therefore, an alternative to the modernization of the labor market is not. We are talking only about how it is conducted on what resources and social groups to build, how to minimize the cost to the workers, who are in the zone of high labor risks. Creating a dynamic labor market, we need to solve the unemployment problem required a complex.

The program identifies seven main areas of activity in order to achieve this goal:

The first establishment of a financial, informational, and educational support to unemployed workers who are at risk of losing their jobs;

The second creation of favorable conditions (the business and investment climate) to create entrepreneurs, private business, foreign investors and large state-owned enterprises of new jobs;

Third modernization of infrastructure (roads, electricity, a warm energy, telecommunications, water supply, cleaning and protecting the environment) to attract investors;

Fourth, the development of financial institutions that provide access to the financial resources needed to create new jobs and commercial projects;

The fifth expansion of the markets on which the Belarusian commercial organization product meets all required to sell their goods and services without tariff and non-tariff restrictions. It is, first and foremost, on Russia, the countries of the "Eastern Partnership and the European Union;

Sixth adapt the system to the requirements of Finance of Belarus and the real demands of the labor market in our country;

Seventh human security, stability of state institutions, the culture of hard work.

First support employment, the rapid integration of the unemployed into the labor market

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" includes the following measures to support employment and accelerate the integration of the unemployed into the labor market:

The first increase in unemployment benefits for temporarily unemployed from $ 16 today to $ 120 for the period 2010 — 2012.

The second payment programs and training sessions, in which the unemployed a second profession or improve their qualifications;

The third payment of "lifting" means (a one-time payment of up to $ 500) in the case of moving to a job in another city;

Fourth, the creation of conditions for the mobility of the workforce, including through the construction of dormitories for workers and youth. They will be built by private commercial organizations through the budget. They can stay for up to 50 dollars a month. There is a possibility of privatization of the families of these rooms to increase the possibility of acquisition of their property;

Fifth removal of all restrictions on workers Noemi individual entrepreneurs;

Sixth liberalization recruitment procedures: providing the right employers and employees to independently determine the mode, time, and working conditions, as well as the procedure and forms of remuneration;

Seventh developed insurance system for temporary disability. Payments to the fund will do as employers and employees, and the state;

Eighth liberalization to fire workers: granting rights to all commercial organizations without coordination with the authorities to optimize employment in their companies;

Ninth create favorable conditions for self-employment, that is, for registration as an individual entrepreneur or legal entity students. Necessary to provide the rate of tax on legislation providing for students PI or legal entities registered by young people under 25 years of payment of annual patents in the amount of $ 100 for the release of iron from all other tax (such a rule is working in Ukraine and Russia);

Tenth cancellation of the Unified Tariff Scale (UTS) and the Single wage-rate work and profession of workers (ETCS) for all legal forms of private business;

Eleventh legal registration status of the student, apprentice, trainee to facilitate the hiring and firing of high school students and young people up to 25 years;

Twelfth elimination of the practice of "employment record" as instruments of control and pressure on the employee. The issue of accounting work, payment of tax and social contributions to the Pension Fund is solved through the insurance system;

Introduction thirteenth rule when the employer and the hired worker in the individual contract has a right to determine the amount of severance pay;

Fourteenth elimination of the current registration regime, which is the de facto renamed residence;

Fifteenth abolition of forced distribution of graduates.

The second creation of a favorable business and investment climate

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" involves the following basic steps to create in Belarus favorable business and investment climate:

First the flat-rate tax (VAT) of 15%;

The second reduction of the tax burden on the payroll, with 34% of the wage bill to 15%, introduction of the unified social tax replacing the existing income tax (12%) and the tax on salaries;

Third unification of customs duties, reducing the size of the weighted average duty of up to 3%;

The introduction of a fourth patent for retail individual entrepreneur. Patent is a form of taxation and the payment of all fees required of IP for business activities;

Fifth cancellation of price regulation for all goods, services and works, with the exception of tariffs for housing and communal services, electricity, gas, public transportation, telephone services (excluding mobile) as well as services provided by public organizations in the field of health and finance;

Sixth abolition of the requirement to provide economic calculations, confirming level used prices (tariffs) for goods (works, services);

The seventh exception to all legal acts the rules providing for the confiscation of property from entitie
s that are not razabrats owner, if the property is NOT in the company on the right of economic management, while court proceedings will be established that the property acquired by illegal means;

Eighth practice of extrajudicial liquidation application seizure of funds to the account of the undisputed write-offs and Their pursuant to the provisions of public bodies;

Ninth cancellation of plans for public authorities to collect fines, number of protocols and the volume of confiscated goods;

Tenth bring fines for violations in business activities in line with the parameters characterizing their severity, as well as take into account the real income level of economic entities and officials;

Eleventh creation of a system to ensure the rapid and unconditional executive proceedings to recover debts from entities, Introduction Institute of Private Enforcement;

Twelfth provision during 2010 to 2011. Sales to tenants rented from national and local government premises, buildings, structures and other objects on the residual value, if they rent them for more than 2 years. In case, you w tenants of leased assets they purchase, they are sold through Open Auktsion at a price that will develop on the day razabrats operations;

Thirteenth activation of the restructuring and privatization of state enterprises with the participation of a priority in her domestic entities;

Fourteenth acceleration of the privatization process and marginally loss-making enterprises as property complexes, providing, inter alia, bankruptcy, transfer in trust, with a deferred payment sale, donation, fixation of the right of land ownership. Privatization of state enterprises also involves the sale of the land on which they are located;

Fifteenth Amendments to the Law on privatization with the goal of clearly details the procedures for determining the initial rates of privatized objects, the order notification of the privatization process, spaluchany participants, the order of the auction, the choice of Sochi, payment, transfer of ownership, as well as bid protest procedures of the transaction. National character of privatization will be provided from the proceeds of 60% of each transaction in the pension fund. These resources should not be spent on current payments, and on the formation of the source of funding of pension payments in the future. In addition to a 10% share of the privatized enterprises will be transferred free of charge to employees of these enterprises. With the privatization of strategic state enterprises to 15% share will be transferred to the Pension Fund to increase razabrats financial stability and to obtain additional sources of supply;

Sixteenth removing legal and administrative barriers to the creation of a full-fledged land market;

Seventeenth elimination of innovative stock and stock vnebyuzhetnyh created by local authorities;

Eighteenth business exemption from the financing and maintenance of non-productive assets, transfer them to the balance of local authorities;

The nineteenth entry in the duties of every public servant duties to promote competition, to provide citizens the opportunity to obtain complete information about acts of legislation, government management plans, programs funded by the state and local byuzhetov;

Twentieth removal of the requirement for sure assortment list of goods for retail facilities and catering;

Twenty-first reduced rate of rent for premises, industrial sites owned by state or local authorities the power, 2 times. The abolition of a multiplying factor "3" for leased office space;

Twenty-second introduction reduction factor — 0.2 for all small businesses and entrepreneurs, renting a property from enforcement of state or local authority;

Twenty-third end to the practice of administrative fixing rents private commercial real estate;

Twenty-fourth of a moratorium on carrying out inspections of all types of small businesses to 1.01.2013g.;

Twenty-fifth the transition from compulsory to voluntary certification of construction, tourism and other services for small and medium-sized private enterprises, creation of pivot voluntary certification;

Twenty-sixth development for small businesses simplified procedure of certification of production time is not reduced 5 years from the start of production. The only certified parameters must be the safety of products for consumers;

Twenty-seventh Introduction laws which allow the registration of business entities at the home address of one of the founders;

Twenty-eighth preservation licensing, certification required only in those areas where there is a direct threat to human life and health;

Twenty-ninth of reforming the system of accounting and reporting based on international practice;

Thirtieth Exemption of small businesses from carrying out the statutory audit with the exception of subjects producing securities for free float

Third infrastructure modernization

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" involves the following basic steps to upgrade the country's infrastructure:

The first assignment of the nesekvestiruemyh of budget expenditure on the development of road infrastructure. Implementation of joint projects with the European Union to modernize highways Kaunas — Vilnius — Minsk — Kiev — Odessa, Brest — Minsk — Moscow;

The second condition for acceptance of the tender for carrying out construction works and services by their service so run to provide accommodation for at least 40% of orders Belarusian private small businesses;

The third international audit costs for electricity, warm energy, gas, public transportation, water supply, telephone services, the adoption of a transition plan to sell bezdotatsionnyh nature of the goods and services to reflect the increase of investment attractiveness of the year 2013;

The fourth signing of the Energy Charter Treaty and the implementation of the European Union, the creation of international corporations in the field of oil, gas and electricity market;

Fifth active development of small power, de-monopolization of the internal energy market, creating electricity generation market and equal access to power grids commercial organization;

Abolition of the monopoly of the sixth national telecommunications operator to pass the international Internet traffic, and traffic between other domestic telecommunications operators, setting the marginal rate of return for the "Beltelekom" for the sale of private providers of traffic at a rate of 30%;

Seventh providing ISPs the right, without mediation "Beltelecom" buy international traffic in foreign markets;

Eighth modernization of the system of collecting and recycling garbage and create near each of the modern, environmentally attractive, commercially viable infrastructure for recycling;

Fourth-developed financial system

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" involves the following basic steps for the development of the financial infrastructure of the country:

First ensure the independence of the National Bank, the transition to inflation targeting regime, the yield on the average annual inflation up to 3% per annum;

The second output of the composition of the founders of the National Bank of all commercial banks in the country, the transfer of shareholding NBRB Office of the State Property Committee, with their subsequent privatization;

Third efforts to ensure stable operation of the payment system on the condition of absence of restrictions on current and capital accounts;

Fourth, privatization of Belarusian banks, the introduction of these international standards of sustainability and guarantee deposits;

Fifth monopolization of the insurance market, the elimination of the spe
cial status of "Belgosstrakh", expansion of voluntary insurance;

Sixth Create macroeconomic, legal and administrative conditions for the development of financial institutions that provide stable operation of the health insurance and pension systems;

Seventh cancellation for a privately-owned requirements required deposit cash receipts to the bank, the abolition of the mandatory limit of cash balances on hand of the enterprise;

Eighth amnesties Capital. Until 2013 Belarusian citizens will be able to introduce and legalize the banks registered in the Republic of Belarus, the cash payment of income tax of 10% and without the imposition of fines. When buying real estate, share of privatized enterprises, land and other assets, the provision of a declaration on a goner will not be required except in cases where purchases of assets will perform civil servants, members of all levels, and other citizens in leadership positions in commercial structures, in which the state owns more than 50% share;

Fifth Expansion of markets, economic integration with the neighbors

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" provides for the following measures to expand foreign markets producer of goods and services in Belarus:

First make the necessary changes to the acts of legislation to bring them into compliance with WTO norms and standards. Adoption of the government's action program on WTO accession in 2012;

The second adoption of necessary changes in the legislation to establish a full-fledged free trade zone with Russia, the countries — participants of the "Eastern Partnership" in the first place, from the Ukraine, as well as the European Union;

The third development program complete transition of Belarusian products to international quality standards ISO, full Well you from the guests and the transition to ISO standards for goods and services by 2014;

Fourth, the establishment of norms for recognition as valid on the territory of the Republic of Belarus of certificates issued by recognized in the International Trade certification agencies of other countries, without the need to obtain a certificate issued by the certification bodies of the Republic of Belarus;

The fifth condition for the creation of temporary (seasonal) legal employment Belarusian citizens abroad, especially in the EU, the U.S. and Russia;

Sixth unilaterally imposed a visa-free travel regime to citizens of EU countries, the formation of a working group to conduct a high-level negotiations to secure visa-free entry to citizens of Belarus to the countries of the Schengen area;

Seventh cancellation statistical customs declaration when conducting export-import operations in the trade between Belarus and Russia, the unification of the shipping documents required for registration of foreign trade operations in Belarus and Russia.

Sixth Finance System — for the labor market, not for the sake of "scabs"

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" involves the following basic steps to modernize the system of finance and refocus it on the creation of a dynamic labor market:

The first accession of Belarus to the Bologna process (standards in the financial sector), the restoration of undergraduate and graduate programs;

The second draft legislation for introduction of education vouchers;

Third abolition of forced distribution of students

The fourth provision of the University of broad autonomy to the gratuitous transfer of all assets and the land on which the present educational institution;

Fifth teaching load reduction for school teachers up to 650 hours per year, providing school teachers and university professors every seventh year of academic, fully paid leave;

Sixth class load reduction for high school students, the implementation principle of "think more, less bone up";

The introduction of the seventh standard number of students per class: 20 in primary school, and 24 — in the middle, with a maximum of Student group — 30 people;

Eighth ensure that all schools and universities access to free broadband internet;

Ninth ensure full computerization of schools;

Tenth liquidation VAK, the transition to the EU standards in the field of scientific work;

Eleventh removal of bureaucratic barriers to the creation and operation of private schools;

Twelfth provision University of the right of free choice of the number and shape of the entrance examination;

Thirteen full cost talented young people of Belarus in case of self-admission to the best universities in the world, provided employment in Belarus for at least five years after graduation.

Seventh Human security, stability of state institutions, the culture of hard work.

Dynamic labor market is impossible to create a safe without the protection of life and health. Investors are not likely to invest their savings in the creation of new jobs, if their property is not under the protection of the law course. The most stable, high-paying, high-tech jobs are not created for a year — two, but for decades. It is therefore extremely important to ensure the stability of institutions, Trusted error correction mechanism in the economic and social policies, the effectiveness of public administration. Jobs will be created in the formal and informal economy not only when the State itself is immune from corruption. This immunity is based on media freedom and access to information.

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" involves the following basic steps to ensure human security and stability of state institutions and a culture of hard work:

The first reduction of the legislation regulating the political process, in line with OSCE and Council of Europe;

The second financing program for social security policemen, officers and warrant officers of the armed forces. The introduction of the system of housing is expected bonuses, the size of which increases with the time of service. These bonuses will be used to pay for housing;

The third funding the training police officers, officers of the armed forces to integrate into the labor market;

The fourth provision of economic agents in the iron amount of information on all budget expenditures. Conducting annual monitoring and evaluation of implementation of the program of public investment and support the economic, scientific, innovative, social projects;

The introduction of the fifth legislative rule requiring publication of all normative acts of state authorities and the various levels of management on web sites on the media in the course of 2 days after registration with the Public Registry with the necessary publication Familia developers of these regulations;

The sixth provision of public authorities at the sites of the annual detailed report on a goner and expenditure;

The seventh full transparency of financial flows of all organs of state administration and enterprises with state share over 50%. The introduction of rules on the conduct of their required annual audit required the publication of results on the websites of these agencies during the month following the completion of the audit;

Eighth Amendments to the curricula of secondary schools, colleges and higher educational institution with a goal of integrating them into the control on the basis of economy, business and financial markets. Systems Modernization program of professional development for middle and senior managers of public administration.

Ninth activation of civil society by Yandex and ideas of free enterprise, cooperation with NGOs and schools target students gain professional guidance on actually existing in the labor market;

Tenth partnership with the State of religious organizations of all faiths to stre
ngthen the culture of respect for labor, to encourage entrepreneurship, solidarity, etc. Support for temporarily unemployed and low-income families.

The "Million New Jobs for Belarus" will allow us to retain the best and Create New. We will keep the best of the labor market and in the economy of Belarus. Best to grow and prosper. Best would be to work on the most modern technologies in the most distant markets, because it is — the best — created by the most talented, professional and senior officials of our country.

We'll create a new one. New — it is something that chooses youth. Bring us new entrepreneurs and businesses. New — this is what drives the progress and increases social standards elderly. New — it is the continuing importance of our friendship and partnership with its neighbors and the world.

Retain the best and create something new — this is the Belarusian national idea.

Number Available resources and investment in the outcomes of the program (for three years) Financial commitments in the Programme (for three years)
First Legalization and the inclusion of turnover ~ $ 2 billion. by SP Support for the unemployed, training programs for them — $ 3 billion.
The second Legalization and the inclusion of turnover ~ $ 2 billion. from small and medium-sized businesses in Belarus. Lump sum payment of moving to a new place of residence of one-company towns — $ 300m.
Third Foreign investors and TNK — ~ $ 10bln. Construction of hostels for workers and youth — $ 1.5 billion
Fourth Privatized large and medium state-owned enterprises — ~ $ 10bln. Improving the quality of road infrastructure — $ 3 billion.
Fifth The effect of deregulation (remain in the hands of business) — ~ $ 8mlrd. Cost of upgrading the system for collecting and recycling — $ 300m.
Sixth Effect of reducing the tax burden (remain in the hands of business) — ~ $ 6 billion. Modernization of Energy — $ 2 billion.
  TOTAL: ~ $ 38mlrd. TOTAL: ~ $ 10.1 billion

Goner and expenditures
on the program "Million New Jobs', in the middle of the year (calculation made based on the average size of the GDP in 2011, 2013. ~ $ 65mlrd.

Budget receipts     Expenditure Budget    
Source of income % Of GDP At $ billion Object of expenditure % Of GDP At $ billion
The tax on retail sales of goods and services) rate of 20% (base ~ $ 40 billion.) 12.3 8.0 Authorities to ensure the functioning of the State 4.1 2.7
Excise tax (producers of energy products, tobacco, alcohol), the base $ 19mlrd. Rate of 20% 5.8 3.8 The national economy (infrastructure, Construction) 2.3 1.5
Export, import duties, base — $ 35mlrd. Rate — 3% 1.7 1.1 Housing 1.5 1.0
Unified social tax rate of 15%, the base — $ 29mlrd. 6.8 4.4 Health 3.1 2.0
Privatization proceeds, $ 3.0 1.95 Physical education, sports, media 1.1 0.7
Loans (internal and external) 1.1 0.72 Education 4.6 3.0
      Social policy 14.0 9.1
TOTAL: 30.7 20.0 TOTAL: 30.7% 20.0

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