Perhaps this is the most important thing that happened in Lithuania after the collapse of the Soviet Union — have stopped looking for enemies. No economic indicators, not the one that chose their power, good or bad, not even the standard of living, and it is — the most important asset. If the country reveal enemy, then the enemy under certain circumstances it may be one, and so, in each sitting fear.
In Belarus, unfortunately, in this sense, nothing has changed in thirty years. Prettier our towns and villages, and the people love their power, growing economic performance and living standards. But the TV every day
tells the story of "enemies of the people" and the fear is still there. Maybe so be it, to live it better and more fun? Historical experience teaches no one. Fear — is swell sand. And no matter how well-being, which would have no economic miracle was built on it, the building could collapse at any minute. As once the Soviet Union collapsed suddenly. Once again, the mourners will only have on a "strong and prosperous Belarus" …
An example of the Lithuanian underground in many ways seemed familiar. At the end of 1970, we also own samizdat journal "Everything that hurts," released Mykola Ermolovich. In 1979, we Vintsuk Vyachorka and Sergei Sokolov gave out his "Chandelier days." In 1980, Belarus was formed Artisan, which is not only organized mass celebrations, but also dripping. This was the case when arhealegiya, they say, went to the people. The Lithuanians were digging the grave of a printing press, and maystrovtsy dug out of the ground forgotten his Belarusian history. All occurred in parallel. There is no reason to put any special Lithuanian nationalists and anti-Soviet, and Belarusians — stupid and docile sheep.
Perhaps the most pryahvotsiv Artisan adkapvannya to historical truth — in simple terms — the archaeologist Edward Zaikovskii.
Edward"It all happened gradually. I got … it's somewhere in the spring of 1981 … in the philology faculty at the university. They put the" King Maximilian. "Well I can not remember whether I saw a poster of one of the friends said, , but somehow I knew. So I went looking. I went on their own initiative, but maystrovtsami has invited George and Vladimir Colas Karatkevich on this performance. "
The audience at the premiere of "King Maximilian" in 1981. Edward second left.
Dubovets: Probably the circle was invited wider. At least in the pictures in the hall you can see the premiere of Basil Trinity Ales Ryazanov, and this is probably not all of the guests.
Edward"Staging, of course, was the original at the time. Maybe it was unprofessional, but nothing official government was not there. Lively spirit, they say, was."
Dubovets: In fact, the "King" treated as authentic. We knew that once folk drama performed just ordinary people in the villages. And we tried
be ordinary people, but not as common now, as then, when have not lost tradition, and have been included in their nature and in popular culture. With Artisan left a lot of professional artists, but that does not mean that the union was dominated by an elite spirit. Just do not. There's quite a cult prevailed currently normal, but normal full Belarusian man he was supposed to be close to the Pole or Lithuanian. NOT a unit of population, as the representative of his nation. Ordinary people — living in harmony with the custom, know where and from whom he is going, indifferent to culture, worthy man Commonwealth. The paradox of the situation was that in the Soviet context, the word "organic" made sense "abykly" outstanding currently, no. And the masterful "normal" people on this background involuntarily looked almost elitist. Why do so many maystrovtsy and talk about a sense of the election, which visited them at the time. As for the "King Maximilian," we tried to play it is not theatrical, and of course for the popular drama — usually the Commonwealth, as did the ancestors.
At the beginning of the show I have already talked about the Lithuanian underground, the act which is motivated not post or invocation, and this very commonplace to save their country, their nation and their language. Is it — is not the usual place?
Edward"Well, that's when I first saw maystrovtsav. Some even remember from that time.
Probably the first Vintsuk remembered. Perhaps because at the philological faculty at the same time I saw his picture on the honor roll … The library used to have met the current national.
Well, I do not remember, before or after Christmas Carols were in Zaslaul, also featuring maystrovtsav. And I went there to watch. Just watch out because I was actually maystrovtsam the fall of 1983. If we Artisan actually existed last year.
Exclamations of spring in Minsk Kupala park, 1983. Edward in the foreground.
The opportunity to meet such interesting people that were maystrovtsy, participate in various activities. If the workman was going to the Palace of Trade Unions, someone from abstracts or presentations of themselves or maystrovtsav of people invited. Rehearsed the authentic folk songs. Although I have much singing talent, unfortunately, do not have but little has learned.
Dubovets: In the Craftsman gathered knowledge-hungry people. About Belarus was interested in everything. After school and propaganda put on this theme bold cross, remained unanswered major questions of identity. We Belarusians, but what does it mean? The majority of the population was given the role live in ignorance of the answers. Like, you are Soviet people, and that is enough. Arhealegiya but had not yet engaged the Soviet people, she studied the origin of the Belarusians.
Edward"In the Craftsman saw interesting people, and did join the Artisan had seen — this is another circle that is easier to find understanding, where the same interest in the history of Belarus, which I designed. Well if not history, and archeology, but here in the institution of times and thought at times that work-work, and these people with virtually no one is interested. And here for the first time met the circle of people that it's needed. "
Dubovets: At the time, Edward worked at the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences and went to the archaeological expedition. Normally, excavations are recruited "working hands" — pupils or students. In Artisan witty, Edward found not only understanding, but those same hands.
Edward Zaikovskii during excavations in a masterful times. Early 80's.
Edward"To some extent, this is t
rue. Nearly a year later, in the summer of 1984, several participants Artisan agreed to work with me on the excavations at Disne. This is my exploitive nature viewing …
Excavation of a Disne. 1984. Yugasya Volkova, Elena Klimovitch, Marina Lychkovskaya.
They not only have I been working on the excavation. Much more maystrovtsav were on the excavation of the Mir Castle when there Cowards Oleg and Igor Cherniavsky excavations carried out.
A year later, after taking a picture of Dmitry Scoop on excavations. However, his friend. More from Artisan at that time no one was able to go. Well, after so many years was the Cleanup. Talakovtsy so still more to dig me driving. Especially if I've been far from Minsk Maiden Mount dig. "
Dubovets: Edward excavations have never looked at the academic boredom, but always turned into an adventure or adventure. At the time we first read the story of Vaclav Lastovskogo "Labyrinth" — that there is a Belarusian underground eternal life. And there are several inputs — in Polotsk, in Skrygalave by woodland and a lake on an island in the lake Boginsky.
Edward called me one day to dig this very island. He had information that there is, among other things, must be a stone idol
arms folded. Together, we stopped there for about forty minutes dagrabali from the shore to the island. There went up on high, wooded hill and saw a huge stone. He lay flat side up, and the part that goes into the ground, immediately reminded me of a statue from Easter Island. Touch with the depths of space, we could not, could only undermine. And we started abkapvats stone. My idea with every move played out more and more. Began an incredible downpour. She finally drove us to and from the island. I stayed in the belief that we should necessarily go back here sometime and will complete the job.
Back dropped in ten years, in the mid-1990s. But the stone on the island was gone.
It seems to me that most of Edward's expedition dakapvalasya if not to the findings and answers, to new adventures and mysteries. And the destiny of his sometimes resembles an adventurous expedition. In Artisan Edward was older than most of the participants. But the age difference for maystrovtsav NOT ysnavala.
Masterfully evening at the Palace of Trade Unions. Edward fifth from the right.
Edward"There himself with his and Peter Sadowski felt. Though he was much older, and for me."
DubovetsEdward is out of cancers, from the village of Dubashy, this is Western Belarus. The mother and father of the simple peasants. Felia filfak sister graduated, became a teacher and worked as assistant principal Rakovskaya school. As you know, Belorussians, or are born and somehow manage to survive, or become. Edward of those who survived, but when he first thought about it, do not remember. Says that the sisters and the impact is not there.
Edward"To begin with, even when I entered the university in 1970, the exams are handed in Belarusian, as well as language and literature, and history. Well, it is true then the first couple of years of this, my BELORUSSKOE there was no one to support, only occasionally with some of our course could talk a little bit in Belarusian. But in the third year already started to take shape is deliberately Belarusian wheel. Due to the fact that in a dormitory in the same room were I, now known writer Vladimir Orlov, Yuri Bondarovich working teacher , the late Gennady Kulazhenko and others.
After high school, I'm pretty good command of the Russian language, might as well take and in Russian. But somehow the inner voice suggested that it is better in the Belarusian language. "
Dubovets: Turns own biography in Edward often look almost mystically, although most are quite clear and that reason. How, for example, a Ph.D. in mid-1980, held in Vilnius. Why in Vilnius?
Edward"Once I was attracted to. Though then we in Minsk tips to protect the archeology of his was not. Nearest was in Vilnius. It includes and our then head of the department Leonid Davidovich maybe more. There were two of his doctorate, and he is the third was. For independent advice needed three doctors of science, which we have in Minsk was not yet ".
Meeting after defending a thesis in Vilnius. 1985. Edward, Sergei Sokolov Voyush, Vintsuk Vyachorka, Lavon Lutskevich.
DubovetsEdward went to Vilnius — a true Mecca for maystrovtsav. Vilnius was then very close — not abroad, you are no visas in Minsk two or three hours away, and tickets cost acceptable to the student's pocket. It is not surprising that the newly PhD in Vilnius met a community of friends. That now was marked by the general photograph.
Visiting Zoski Veras. 1985. Gennady stand Saganovich and Levon Lutskevich. Sit Edward Zoska Veras, Sergei Sokolov Voyush.
Edward"This photograph taken a few days after my Ph.D. thesis. So after a couple of days arrived several people Vintsuk Vyachorka, Gennady Saganovich, Sergei Sokolov Voyush … Partly — see Vilnius, were part of a small bit of work day to do . visit Zosku Veras — here we had sfatagrafavavshysya together, to places like the famous Vilnius ".
Dubovets: Meeting with Zoskoy Veras and her son-in-Levon Lutskevich was required in the program of pilgrims from Minsk, Belarus. With Uncle Levon talked about everything, including politics. Zoska Veras did not hear, so questions had been written in a special notebook and after listening to her memories.
Edward"It was very exciting to see such an elder who still remembered the times nashenivskoy. Kupalu remembered Bogdanovich. All this is told with interest. Despite its more than respectable age — she was already a hundred years it has been. She remembered a lot of facts the main thing was to talk with her. And then she could talk for hours. While her daughter did not show on the clock to get up tomorrow and so it's time to go to bed.
She's somewhere, probably from before the war was deaf. And first of all surprised her memory. If I have a question for some time after a repeated what she said, you have asked this last time. What really surprised me. Because many older people do not remember just what it was yesterday, and now she remembered what I said a month ago or whatever. "
Dubovets: However, archaeological expeditions and trips to Vilnius masterfully travel, or, as they were called, were not limited to vytsechki.
Edward"One of my friends took a tour of speech — vytsechkakir."
Dubovets: Referred to, among other things, travel Lyutsinka in 1983, Rakov and Ivianiec where maystrovtsy acquainted with the famous folk artist, woodcarver Apollinaris navel.
Edward"I will not tell you the exact chronology. Yanushkevich Joseph organized the trip, but most participants were maystrovtsy. And I was there for some places was the guide. On Rakov told about Ivianiec.
Travel to Lyutsinka, Rakov, Ivenets. Summer 1983. Stand Vintsuk Vyachorka, Ales Land, Nick Sosnowski, Sergey Murashko, Alina Sadovskaya Sergei Shupe. Sits Peter Sadowski.