Koschyuny (koschyunstvovat) — The old way is written that way, and not through the letter "y." Over the past few centuries, not only the history of the Russian people was copied many times, often invited victuals "learned" men — but changed the Russian language, distorting the true meaning of his words.
The same approach representatives alien religion manifested equally in relation to the ancient mythological images of Russian fairy tales, epics, legends.
Over time, people's consciousness that mark overlapped, which proved to be a specific way in the writings of people who have studied the Russian tradition:
"Christian pastors not only cemented his authority historic view of the relationship with the evil by the power of witchcraft, but also betrayed this view more decisive character. As accomplices to evil demons, people rose to the wizards and witches only in emergency situations, public disasters, in the ordinary same time, he confidently and with respect for their prophetic gifts and willingly used their help. On the contrary, Christianity in all manifestations of witchcraft looked indifferent, his stern look the same were sinful: and kidnappers rains napuskateli hail, whirlwinds, disease, and the drafters of healing potions, nauzniki, witch, fortune-tellers. Hence arose many collisions that vividly paint us a past life with her inside. "
Such collisions occur, and now, so far at religious and philosophical discussions.
Look for a start in the Dictionary of the Russian Language Dal:
"KOSCHUNIT or blaspheme, mock sacred objects, respond to them with contempt, abuse, gone; scold, nasty, profane, sueslovit, bueslovit. Blasphemy Wed actions. it. Blasphemy opposite fanaticism, but it is even worse, desecration or desecration. Koschunny, for these things otnosyasch. Koschun, scorner m koschunya, koschunnitsa g. who koschunit; koschunsky — nichy, they are characterized. Koschun have Rafe, from Persian, from Shimkevich. it is not, and I think that the word is related to the bone, caste, Costa, Kashchei, nasty, pakoschi, desecrate, unholy.
ZAKOSCHUNSTVOVAT, start blaspheming — Xia. koschunstvuya forget, transcend all measure. "
That's it, no more and no less — "Blasphemy opposite fanaticism, but it is even worse." At least, it is doubtful that the Slavs, who regarded their gods and ancestors, in advance and in a special way have to invent such a sophisticated little word for "to desecrate or outrage to ridicule the sacred objects," as writes about Dal.
Obviously, in his dictionary Dahl passed the later sense and meaning of words koschyuna, koschyunstvovat. In this situation, the question arises: how to reject the traditions and culture of their ancestors of that in this way strengthen the negative emotional impact on the reader to the dictionary "Live Great" language? One answer: as much as it is beneficial to stakeholders to shame the ancient native Slavic world — political intrigue, and lust for power over the minds of human in ancient times is a characteristic feature of the "fishers of souls in a human."
What is actually meant by koschyuna? Announced the results of research about the true meaning of the word:
"Every nation in the beginning of its history is given (or not create himself as a result of the hard work of the spirit) unique revelation about the world and his own place in it. The name of this wonderful revelation which for centuries defines a unique spiritual character of the people, which distinguishes it from all other nations — a myth. He gives it to the people who created a holistic and inclusive world perception — knowledge itself and the surrounding material and spiritual universe around countless variety of their links and trade-offs not only intellectually, but intuitively.
Old Russian language well emphasized the role of the myth that our ancestors designated word koschyuna.
Koschyuna-myth organically in touch with magic, and after the forced baptism of Rus preachers of the new faith categorically forbade his flock even listen to native legends, "Neither give heed chars or koschyunnyh vlsheb." Semantically, this designation of myth in our language cognate Kosh — "lots of Destiny" and koschnoe — another world, where the pagan gods. Thus, the representations of our distant ancestors, forever reflected in their language, performed koschyuna united human life is not only different from the other world, but also to his fate.
Outstanding domestic scientist VJ Propp wrote about this unique phenomenon of the spiritual life: "Myth is the story of the sacred order. In reality the story is not only believe it expresses the sacred soul of the people. "
Explored the myth entirely from other positions and other methods is the famous Swiss psychologist CG Young came to virtually the same conclusion, noting that the people of the terrible danger of losing his own myth: "Myths — this initial exposure dosoznatelnoy soul, involuntary statements about events in the unconscious mind, but least of all allegories of physical processes. Such allegory would be idle pastime for unscientific intelligence. Myths, however, are of vital importance. And if the family loses its mythological heritage, it immediately breaks down and decomposes, as a man who would have lost its soul. The mythology of the tribe — it is his living religion, the loss of which — always and everywhere, even among civilized peoples — is a moral catastrophe. "
With the adoption of Christianity clergy in Russia, as in most other countries, has done everything to destroy the people's memory, to break this sacred bond, and this root in their mouth has taken on a directly opposite meaning koschyunstva, that is sacrilege. In fact, as we see, sacrilege to the soul of his people made it zealous preachers of the new faith. "
There are a few different but consonant versions regarding the translation of the word koschyuny.
The most important type of activity of the Magi was devolution of diverse rites of folklore, the origins of which came from the far depths of prehistory. Thanks to careful preservation of the traditions of the echoes of verbal creativity remained in Russia until the 19th century., Before his meeting with ethnographers. Translations from Greek allow us to determine how to translate into Russian some words, such as "koschyuny", "fable".
Koschyuny and fable — similar concepts, but not identical, "inii gudut (played on stringed instruments) inii bayut koschyunyat him." Bayat, fable, probably related to the different types of oral literature, and this action is subject to a much smaller attack churchmen than koschyuny, from which the modern word "curse", ie outrage over the shrine. In fables, obviously more secular household (but not epic), and in more koschyunah pagan mythological, that seemed particularly "blasphemous" and Church Fathers 4 — 7 cc., Russian clergy and the 11 — 14 centuries.
Koschyuny-myths clearly contrasted with true historical narrative. Church writers of that time believed that to be "a place of glorious koschyun DELES skazyvati story", ie preferred epic myths. Storytellers were myths — koschyunniki to which people came, in spite of the prohibition.
Koschyuny sung during feasts for the dead. Performed they supposedly "for the sake of vanity," ie, special memorial cake is the one on which were sung some mythological tales.
The key to penetrate the half-forgotten world of ancient Slavic mythology can be a widespread and sustainable Koschei the Immortal, in the very name of which contains a reference to the mythological antiquity "koschyun" and in touch with the essence of the infernal "koschnogo" otherworldly realm. Slavic fairy tale magic for a long time was known as the mythological researchers while Ukrainian ethnographer NF Sumtsov had expressed serious doubts about the possibility of scientific knowledge of Slavic mythology: "The borders of mythology hang in the air, nothing lasting and sustainable never been here and now, in the present state of folklore mythology has no specific content."
We have discussed the interpretation of the words koschyuny, koschyunit as a kind of synonym for the word "myth" and all that is connected with it. However, apart from the mythological aspect and the "current state of folklore," which tells NF Sumtsov, Slavs almost every word, symbol or name, and was especially practical, everyday sense. The ideal combination of mythological and real in the everyday life of the Slavs is precisely the true force of nature of our Ancestors. Why is this the most important aspects — the interaction and combination of myth, life and life — completely overlooked or simply ignored by some researchers, is a mystery. How can you not see what is constantly in everyone's mind, but only covered with a thin layer of alluvial so-called "civilization" as a result of the destructive activities of these "civilize"!
No wonder that even the most honest and meticulous researchers during their search were able to see only part of the rich heritage of our ancestors. The main task in the restoration, preservation and development of folk culture is to open as fully as possible the spiritual relationship of the Russian people to its ancestral traditions.
This brings me to yet another important part of our spiritual heritage, namely — to household use of the words and names.
What does the root "kosch" ("Kosh") in the word koschyuna? In the old days was the name of braided, bunch, string or rope, frontlet. The name of one of the major goddesses of the Slavic pantheon Makos — Mother-spinner. Goddess who spins the thread of life for the world. And her two daughters and share Nedolya knitting yarn on the various bundles, some on happiness, whom to failure. And even the gods are subject to the knots in the thread of life.
"What kind of knots on strings? Here we find the most interesting. Remember the saying: "nodule in memory" — the custom to tie a scarf edge to looking at it, think of something important. Cute custom, you will say. Not at all. Echoes of the time when writing was not there, but the information to remember already. Concerning changing, trade agreements were needed some "signs credentials." So, for example, weaving cord, which knit the different (known only to a certain tribe ways) nodes. The number of nodes equal to the number of tribes involved in the agreement. Original "author's signature." This string was stored in a trustee, the leader, the sorcerer, etc. And not to forget the content of the contract, "Kosh" turned around and was worn on the forehead (head).
The system of knotted signs improved and developed into one of the varieties of writing. Best-preserved version, known to us as writing Peruvian Indians "Kip".
So kosh — braided with information that tied up the spit and stored elected person. Relation to the sim ladies was very, very taboo. Able to communicate with them only a limited number of people. Causing harm to them, punished the maximum penalty: death or banishment from the tribe. In the conduct of military operations, such people were inviolable, for the same reasons.
Look at the quirkiness of Khokhloma patterns, knots on the uniqueness of the frontlet girl's hats. Beauty! And not only. At the beginning of the past 20 centuries, these patterns were read by local people as an ordinary book, passport. Which village which family name weaver, her marital status, number of children, whether in the happy marriage and a lot of information.
In Slovenian language has preserved the words with the root "Kosh" — in the sense of twist: purse, bag, fold — wicker fence for livestock. Recall Koschevoi seine or ataman (ie the Chief in a certain group linked to certain obligations).
The verb "koshtuvati" means to weave. By the way, slander and rumors called another carbon copy of the word "Kosh" — gossip.
At the baptism of Rus, the first step is to deprive people of their own history.
The easiest way to do this was to koshas — burn and kill people-keepers. To be consistent with the "official" religious dogma, not curse. Naturally, the keepers tried to leave and carry out their knowledge in a closed, secret solitude. For such cases, the apologists of Christianity have used conventional libel-slander that diligently maligned and defiled koshey keepers. I do not think that living in remote areas was sweet and plentiful. Only dedicated and trusted officials knew the places where concealed keepers. Therefore unlikely to guardians were particularly fatness. And the age of the keepers were no longer young. Hence the ratio of the custodians was how to bogoravnym or, later, as the Gods! ".
In such a case is easily understandable why the persecution of the church in the new official keepers of ancient knowledge and traditions of our ancestors of the distortion of language.