This wonderful picture steam locomotive on rails railway stations removed Alfred Styglitsam (Alfred Stieglitz) in 1902 and made the camera 10×13 (possible guess) the technique bramoyl (photo 1). Shooting is made myakkarysuyuchym lens in kantravym intensity light. Photo dynamic and breathes photographic reality, perfectly conveys the smoky atmosphere of the train station and the technical spirit of the time a hundred years ago. The author called the picture "The hand of man." It's obvious that the contemporary age couples impressed interim technical progress.
This is a very typical picture of it for Styglitsa intense insight into the mood of nature and the environment, we feel that the present day. This photo is so emotional and sensual overtones of experience that makes him a long look, feel and empathize peer into pieces of the picture. We can clearly see that this fotakartsina done by means of photography and photographer's eye. Installation piktorealizm are absent.
I must say that the German American Styglits Alfred (1864-1946) was endowed with distinctive photographic genius. He had a photographic vision of the world. It is no coincidence that Styglits (perhaps one of the first) in the XIX century has set the task to prove that the photo — it's not a technical branch of painting, and separate art from its aesthetics, philosophy and definition means. That he devoted a lot of time, energy, and organizational performance. But the main evidence was his creative activity.
Art fatagrafichnasts his pictures of the 1890s (especially the photos of New York) are impressive freshness of vision and vitality of the small time. When examined photos Styglitsa more than hundred years ago, it seems that penetrate the time, and are present there — so sensitive to the reality of his photographs.
Amazing nature of talent (almost imperceptible). The same thing took off his contemporary and colleague Edward steak. Pictures of New York, made Steykenam beautiful and … dead (they do not breathe). Photos Styglitsa live and magnet attracts the eye.
Styglits was very mobile and energetic person. Often traveled to Europe (where he received the German education) and many pictures. In 1915, during one of these trips on the ship, he took a picture of passengers on the lower deck. These were poor people, there the cheapest tickets.
Photo brought him fame. She noticed everywhere, and some critics have called it the best photographers of the twentieth century (ie. From 1900 to 1915.)
Then I ekspanuyu this image (photo 2). In the 1950-1960 years. it printed in the USSR under the name "Third Class." (In Styglitsa name something like "Engine Room".)
In general, as I watch almost all of the old photographers from half to half of XIX and XX centuries were masters of social photography. The social lives of people — an important (if not the main) problem, which occupied the minds and feelings of humanistic artists of the time. After the 2nd World War, the world was still coasting before the war, but then suddenly everything changed.
Photo Styglitsa, as we can see, the simple, common plan. But this is a whole photo-novella.
Traveling by ship to America takes many days. And all these days poor people had live on the deck (to eat, sleep, take care of children, etc.). Knowing this, you begin to consider their face, posture, attitude, clothes, household, clothes hung on the laces, etc. Consideration gives a lot of heart, mind and thought. So sailed to America at that time our ancestors Belarusians in search of money and a better life, those "the local", of which knocked out the historical memory of the state and family. Many of them stayed in America, without creating any of their homes, no newspapers, no culture, becoming the first generation in the history of manure another society. It has been almost one hundred years old, the other "the local" called "Soviet" fly Boeing already from Belarus to the United States for 9 hours and then that generation — in the early days disappear in the throat of the "free world" and then can not grow even the grass.
I believe that this photo (many) calls close together, such reflection. After all, every nation has lived and lives the idea of a better life. And it turns out that the "third class" — is an illusion, not the acquisition and loss, a great loss themselves. For Belarus is prepared, there is a world of better than Belarus. But it is difficult to reach each other.
(Photo A. Styglitsa "third class" peraznyataya a photo book Jan Jeffrey. How to read a Photograph. — New York, Abrams, 2008. Photo "hand of man" in a free zmeshchana Network.)