In the 1920s, Western countries are rapidly restored after the war, was the realization of gains acquired during the war, the enterprise passed to the "peaceful track", the market swamped with new products for long — cars, telephones, radios, refrigerators, etc. It was the urbanization flourished "scope of services", the fashion changed, the characters. In Europe, was practically "undermined" Christian civilization "- begins to flourish," free love ", is popular Freudianism was, existentialism, anthroposophy and other" modern "theory. Advancing tide of abstraction, traditional music gave way to the new position of rhythms. In other words, the first global war was not only visible political goals, and a submarine "iceberg" of cultural, philosophical, moral and other qualities.
Paris creates a so-referred to as the "Little Entente": an alliance of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Yugoslavia, headed by himself, for the "environment" of Germany and countering the Soviet Union. Try every possible way to settle Germany: repair squeezed out of it during the crisis in 1923, when Berlin could not pay, France occupied the Ruhr and Saar, planning to take account of the debt of these important industrial regions of Germany in their favor. But because of the position of London, the French were obliged to withdraw, the British did not want a European superstate French. In Italy, the power received by the Germans. London, by virtue of its own centennial easing policy chief rivals, with the help of other countries, "quietly" plays against France, restraining her desire to completely kill Germany.
USSR and Germany make strategic economic and trade, and of the military-technical cooperation. Berlin was sandwiched Mezhuyev aggressive France and Poland, had no real army. There was a real danger of the dismemberment of the country. Moscow and Berlin in 1922, signed a contract Rapallo: diplomatic ties were restored, began active cooperation in economic and military affairs — in the field of aviation, armored forces, chemical weapons, and military strategy. Intensely went cooperation with the United States, South American businessmen intensively pushed European rivals in Russia. In addition, in 1922, at the Washington Conference of the Americans and the British "asked" the Japanese of Russian Far East, they are such a rival was not needed. So between the Anglo-Saxons and the Japanese had another "crack."
At once West intensively supported various anti-Soviet emigre groups, movements. In particular, generously encouraged by various separatist, nationalist, 'left', 'democratic' groups, groups, and organizations. Different types of figures Gutchkoff, Kerensky Savinkova fully well ensconced in the West. They were invited for a teaching job, gave excellent paid positions, their newspapers and magazines impressive financed. B.Savinkov made a "People's Alliance Defense Homeland and Freedom" (NSZRiS), the patron saint of Savinkova was a British agent Sidney Reilly, who secured Savinkov ties to politicians, military and intelligence agencies in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Italy, and the UK. Gutchkoff did the "League against the Third International" ("The League of Auber," another organizer was a lawyer Aubert), sections of it were made in 17 states.
Promoting different saboteurs, bandits, spies in passing the border with the Soviet Union provided the Romanian, Polish, Finnish, Chinese authorities. In addition, the terrain of Poland and Romania, the government permitted based Ukrainian nationalists. And for those countries were in Paris and London. London maintained Basmachi in Central Asia, the Armenian Dashnak Azerbaijani Musavat. Armenian nationalists supported through the Armenian community, the United States. Poland financed through the Georgian Mensheviks and the North Caucasus, "highland committee."
However, the result was quite small, Russian power strengthened, the bodies of the Cheka, the border guards, army reddish pretty quickly nipped border violators detected underground. And unlike royalties not to bill and coo "revolutionaries" who were arrested were expecting shootings and camp with a very brutal regime. Thus, in the years 1921-1925 the KGB uncovered in the underground Savinkov RF, Ukraine and Belarus, have opened underground anarchists, Socialist-Revolutionaries, "Center for Action" N. Tchaikovsky, Ukrainian nationalists and Petlyury Tiutiunnik.
Russian B.Savinkov before the tribunal.
Plus, people are tired of revolutions, wars, he wanted the world, life is uniformly developed, to support the different colors in white emigrants, nationalists, separatists almost was not.
The key is that Russia again tried to damage, "shake" if she breaks the earlier monarchical empire, the later Soviet Russia, and at the present time "democratic" Russia. No matter what power in RF, with at least some ideology is the enemy of the West gun, although the power of this can not realize, until recently, speaking of the "cultural unity", "pan-European field" and "unity of interest."
Golinkov DG collapse of the anti-Soviet underground in the USSR (1917-1925 gg.), Moscow, 1975.
Gusev, KV Knights of terror. Moscow, 1992.