Starts in Astana summit of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. At the Summit of Heads of State arrived 28 of the 56 countries participating organizations, representatives of more than 30 international and regional organizations.
This is the first such meeting between the leaders of OSCE participating States in the last 11 years. The Belarusian delegation is headed by the president of Alyaksandar Lukashenko. The last time such a representative forum was about 11 years ago in Istanbul. Among the main topics of the meeting — the situation in Afghanistan, the international assistance to Kyrgyzstan, the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
On the eve of the meeting, representatives of civil society in Kazakhstan tried to attract the attention of the OSCE summit, in particular, human rights abuses in the country — the OSCE chairman, restrictions on freedom of the media and the pressure on them, to the situation of political prisoners.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych
According to the Russian "Kommersant", the organizers of the summit in advance dubbed it "the main event at the beginning of the XXI century", confidently declaring that the term "spirit of Astana" will breathe new life into the organization. However, the fundamental contradictions between the members of the OSCE does not allow it, according to experts, not only to revive the organization, but even to confirm the principles on which it was founded.
Before the summit in Astana has published an ambitious program that the country wants to achieve by the chairman of the forum. One of the main points is the adoption of a political declaration in which the members of the OSCE would confirm the commitment of the general principles of the organization, including the provisions of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 on the inviolability of borders. Fact that afterdnie eight meetings between the OSCE remained without final political declaration, and in 2008 and 2009, it could not take in large part because of disagreements between Russia and Georgia over Abkhazia and South Ossetia. His contribution made by Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh dispute, and Serbiya, which insisted on its sovereignty over Kosovo, "Kommersant".
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
As acknowledged by one of the members of the Russian delegation, Moscow is experiencing particular problems because of Georgia, which insists on the inclusion of provisions in the declaration of belonging to it of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, as well as the condemnation of "the Russian aggression in 2008." Russia, in turn, would like to include in the Declaration of the OSCE decided to support the initiative Dmitry Medvedev Treaty on European security, but this idea has a lot of enemies.
Largely because of these differences that threaten the failure of the summit in Astana did not go to some heads of states, including U.S. President Barack Obama and Russian leader Dmitry Medvedev at the last minute halved the details of your stay. He will return to Moscow today, without waiting for the end of the summit, although the presidential press service announced earlier that it would hold in Kazakhstan two days and will take part in the closing of the summit.
Kyrgyz President Nursultan Nazarbayev and President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko
"If the summit would be a failure, then in itself a question: is not it time to bury this organization? — Cites Russian political analyst Vladimir Zharikhin" Kommersant "- wine Kazakhstan in this. Astana wanted to show that, well, we were Chairs were useless, and with us all get better. But it seems they set sights on the impossible. "
In conjunction with the Astana summit takes about five thousand foreign guests. Only in Astana, according to the media, involved seven thousand police officers. It is reported that the preparation and holding of the summit spent about 11 million euros, of which three-quarters of Kazakhstan introduced.