Three caught in Primorye four-month cubs after successful rehabilitation, which can take a year or two, should be released into the wild, said the coordinator of the program for the conservation of biodiversity of the Amur branch of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia Sergey Aramilev.
Three of four-Amur tiger November 27 came to the military unit involved barking dog. Predators tried to suppress it, but they are frightened guard who drove the cubs back into the forest. Next tigress could not be found, and the protection of wildlife officers decided to take the edge of the cubs from the forest. The two cubs were captured December 1 and 2, the third Wednesday. The first two were sent to a special rehabilitation center for predators to be delivered on December 6 and the last cub.
"WWF wants the animals living in the wild, in the wild. It is important that this subspecies (Amur tiger — Ed.) Remained in the wild. And if even one animal will return to nature, and he will live there — is very positive. On the other hand, we are against mindless release into the wild to die … So we will do our part: and find financing, and offer the services of its experts to conduct a complete rehabilitation of the animals and release them into the wild " , — said the Aramilev.
According to experts, in the wild cubs to 2-2.5 years go along with his mother, who teaches them to hunt, so the earliest, when the captured predators will be set free — it's a half years.
Interviewee of the agency said that to release them into the wild will be possible only after a successful rehabilitation. This requires, in particular, to ensure complete isolation of kittens from people, feed them only meat of wild animals, hunting techniques to train than on domestic animals, and for deer and other wild ungulates, a common prey of tigers in the wild.
"A lot of the conditions for their recovery, and all the more difficult by the fact that we do not have government centers, which would be in the public institutions, would have public financing, a well-trained staff, would be well-formed," — said Aramilev.
At the same time, if it becomes clear that the cubs have not adapted to wildlife, WWF will address the association of zoos that animals have become parties to the tiger breeding program in captivity.
The tiger is one of the largest land predators, second only to the mass of white and brown bears. , Nine subspecies of tiger, of which the beginning of the XXI century, only six survived. The total number of species is about 4-6.5 thousand. The most numerous is the Bengal tiger, the size of which is 40% of the total population.
Siberian tiger lives in the Russian Far East — the Khabarovsk and Primorsky regions. In the middle of XIX century the Russian population was more than one thousand individuals. Predation and destruction of its habitat has led to the fact that for a hundred years, the number of individuals was reduced to 50, and the Siberian tiger found in the 40-ies of XX century on the brink of extinction. After the measures the population size was increased. Recent surveys show that the predator population has stabilized at around 450 individuals.