Recently, a lot of talk about the mysterious airport Yundum found within the small African country of The Gambia. This airfield is almost a legacy of the ancient civilizations that have, according to some reports, there were aircraft — the so-called Vimana. In any case, no one really knows who and when Yundum was built.
Gambia as it is
This former British colony is located on the Atlantic coast of tropical Africa and belongs to a group of the most economically backward countries of the world, not only in general, but its by no means a prosperous continent. The territory of the state is strongly elongated in the latitudinal direction. Gambia juts inland for 350 kilometers from west to east, it is located along the course of the deep river of the same name. The width of the country from north to south is 50 miles away. Residing in The Gambia just over half a million people, including 75% — in rural areas. Industry developed there is very weak and consists of enterprises for the production of peanut butter, beer, soft drinks and tailoring. Exports of peanuts gives the country a half of its foreign exchange earnings.
The backwardness of the Gambia eloquently demonstrated by the fact that until recently, people could only get higher education abroad: in Senegal, the United States or Western Europe. The situation only changed in 1999, when the capital Banjul, The Gambia was established by the University. The country has one and only library and recently opened the first museum now, however, there are already five. This achievement is considered a transition at the end of the last century, from manual handling of fields with hoes to plows harnessed oxen, horses or donkeys. Equipment fishing boats outboard motors also was evidence of familiarizing the Gambia to technical progress.
There are, of course, in this small country and its strengths. It belongs to the few on the continent, where there is the multi-party political system. In the vicinity of Banjul has some great resorts with spacious and clean water beaches, where you can enjoy a vacation tourists from the UK. Can be regarded as a highly developed livestock: cattle population exceeds 400 thousand.
Asphalted, marked out and flew
But in the Gambia is a real international airport. Besides the mysterious. This Yundum — the one so beloved by historians and ufologists-alternativschiki. It is located 27 kilometers from Banjul. The length of its runway (runway) that meets the highest requirements — 3600 meters, so Yundum capable of receiving aircraft of any weight. Gambians do this costly runway is not built. They just laid asphalt on land cleared of existing rough and polished stone slabs made markup.
Gambia then helped NASA as the U.S. space agency was interested in creating an alternate aerodrome for reusable Space Shuttle. Initially, the U.S. was chosen airport Senegalese capital Dakar, but its runway is too large angle relative to the main flight path shuttles. Therefore, in September 1987, the Americans agreed to Gambian side to use for this purpose Yundum airport. The runway has been improved. In particular, its width increased from 29 to 45 meters. Americans also have installed the necessary electronic systems control and navigation. And in 1996, was commissioned the building of the international airport, built by a joint Anglo-Gambian project.
If you look closely at the satellite images, we can see that the central part of the runway Yunduma actively maintained, but on both sides of the strip is the unused portions. They are paved with slabs of unusual light sandy-brown color. Is there and has not peeled off the ground to continue the strip. The trees are growing along it very interesting — on the lines of some faults in the soil.
Version, version, version
So where did this runway? The most sensational, of course, sounds a hypothesis that the runway was built during the time of pratsivilizatsii, and that from here, it may even be taking off or Atlanta ancient Indian aircraft — Vimana. However, fans of conspiracy versions of the plan and suggested another hypothesis. Like, the airfield was secretly built by the Germans during World War II. Sometimes referred to as the exact date and more — in 1944. At first glance, this version is not without some plausibility. Indeed, during the war, the Nazis were very interested in African uranium and allegedly even took out his Congolese aircraft, making several intermediate stops.
In this regard, one can not even remember the secret German airfields built in the Arctic in the rear of the Soviet troops. That's just for the Gambia, there is some big "but." First, these airfields of the bridge is not massive stone slabs, and small metal having to reduce the weight even on a few holes. Second, the Gambians claim that partially covered with soil plates lay there forever, and did not appear in the middle of the XX century. Third and finally, in January 1943 in Banjul passing visited U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It was connected with the holding of the conference in the Moroccan Casablanca. During the meeting, Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, together with members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the U.S. and the UK discussed the prospects of opening of the Second Front and the strategy against German submarines in the Atlantic. Port of Banjul at the time was used for intermediate stops naval convoys allies and a mysterious airfield was chosen by the U.S. Army Air Corps. So it is no secret Nazi base in close proximity to such a strategic unit of Anglo-Saxons simply could not be.
Some sites can be found at all allegations that Yundum, in fact, was built by the Allies. So really no mystery about the ancient airfield does not exist? Certainly not! Runway length is clearly overkill for the aircraft at the time. As we already know, the locals have seen this cover before the war. And the color plates is very different from the concrete. There is a picture only Gambian army combat aircraft purchased in 2008 in Georgia, the Su-25, standing on the attached to the runway Yunduma site of the concrete slabs. They obviously different — gray — the color, which should be concrete. It may be noted also that, judging by the photos, sandy-brown stone slabs vary in size, but it covers airfields XX-XXI centuries is not typical.
So the mystery Yunduma does exist, and it has yet to be unraveled.
See also: Mysterious ancient artifacts, research in Antarctica.