Zabugorny carrier-based experience for the Russian Navy

Everything becomes clear in the comparison. This ancient, obvious and hackneyed phrase for many centuries remains topical. People change, progress is moving forward, but the comparison as before remains one of the best tools for analysis. Quite such an approach is valid in the case of an instrument, and military equipment. It is easy to guess, even the plain text of the press release can make the appropriate conclusions. And sometimes they can be fatal. For example, in the Russian Navy has only one aircraft carrier. A former potential enemy — the United States — similar ships to order more. Accordingly, the Yankees even more experience in implementing an aircraft carrier fleet, because the ships with air armament more than is already used extensively during the second World War. This experience can be useful to us. Try to compare our aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov" with South American class brothers.

First time, which is necessary to direct attention concerns the implementation strategy. For several years, the 10-s South American carriers operate only in the so-called carrier strike groups (CSGs). According to the standards one AUG in its composition has one or two aircraft carriers, 10 escort ships — frigates, destroyers, cruisers, and even multi-purpose submarines, support vessels — tankers with fuel, tugs, salvage vessels, etc. Due to this structure, CSG has sufficient characteristics of mobility and striking power. As a result, the occurrence of one such compound in an area can affect the atmosphere in it. Do not even need to hit, group comes only a show of force.

On the days of our "Admiral Kuznetsov" returned home from a trip to the Mediterranean. The group of ships, led by him, had a more modest structure than is the American sailors. Besides aircraft carrier, our group consisted of a large anti-submarine ship "Admiral Chabanenko", patrol ship "Yaroslav the Wise" and "OK," and half a dozen support vessels. About half that in the U.S. the standard AUG. In the event of a military conflict with the role of the Russian group, our sailors have even more difficult than the South American, even as cover from enemy ships liquidation of funds will have to produce the smallest forces. It is not good at the very developments, our ship group incur huge loss than the standard South American AUG. Bleak prospects.

Second difference between the "Kuznetsov" aircraft carrier from the U.S. for air armament. To draw attention to the beginning of its quantitative characteristics. According to the project our aircraft carrier can immediately provide combat work fifty aircraft. Almost immediately it is less than airplanes and helicopters, about 10-15 boards. On U.S. aircraft carriers of the "Nimitz" — their with some stretch to call their peers, "Kuznetsov" — may be based on staff and consumed 64 aircraft and helicopters, but when necessary, their number can be increased to ninety. At the same time, American ships is not always possible to build even a regular 64 aircraft in combat-ready condition: some repairs on the aircraft carrier in his own hangars, others had to give up on the shore. Again, even in our thought experiment ship looks modest and weaker.

Exciting situation with the quality aviation groups. All the same, "Nimitz" in the state should immediately be far more than 4 aircraft airborne warning and control (AEW & C for short) type Grumman E-2C Hawkeye. On the "Kuznetsov", in turn, is a function AWACS make two Ka-31. It is difficult to associate what specific class of aircraft is more suitable for similar problems, but their own choices in the United States and the Soviet Union did in its time. A similar situation and on the "front" of electronic warfare. Almost all Russian planes have their own equipment in the electronic warfare equipment. And the Yankees to have a special deck of aircraft, for example, Grumman EA-6 Prowler, whom put four units per aircraft carrier. Again the same question arises, what is best. Yet, custom plane, designed to "fight" at radio frequencies has no army in the world is not harmed. Once again, the confrontation of aircraft is shown on the grounds of anti-submarine work.

Until nedavneshnego time this puzzle in the South American Navy planes did Lockheed S-3 Viking. On the "Admiral Kuznetsov" for these purposes are the Ka-27 ASW version. Again, you can argue for a long time about the pros and cons of planes and helicopters in the fight against enemy submarines, but time is judged on its own: the Ka-27 is still in service, but with "Vikings" pilots began to say good-bye in 2009.

In the end, Russian helicopters and airplanes South American "face" on the transport task. Transportation of goods on the Russian aircraft carrier entrusted multipurpose Ka-27, at the American "Nimitz" — a special aircraft Grumman C-2 Greyhound. But in the field of fighter and attack aircraft in the Russian and American ships presents a typical parity. We have these functions are assigned to the Su-33 and Su-25UTG, the Yankees — in the F/A-18. In quantitative terms, the advantage on the side of the Yankees. It is said that some "experts", comparing the composition of airborne weapons, "Kuznetsov" and "Nimitz" make severe error: as a response to South American AWACS aircraft, they seek out these same planes, the response to S-3 behold the only plane with similar functions, etc. The fact that many of the tasks can make planes and helicopters in the calculation for some reason is not taken. It turns out in the end to form an informed worldview of those "all is lost, and then it just happened."

Noticeable point for comparing the power plant Russian and American aircraft carriers. As you know, on the "Admiral Kuznetsov" she turbine type. In turn, the last non-nuclear U.S. aircraft carrier (USS John F. Kennedy CV-67) was decommissioned almost 5 years ago, and since then, all South American aircraft carriers only have nuclear reactors. In the USSR, and later in Russia even before the creation of the finished project nuclear aircraft carrier is not reached.

In the state armaments program there (GWP) calculated up to 2020, no expenditure on new aircraft carrier. Yet, last fall, there was a curious piece of news, which can be treated very broad way. Recall, then president of the "United Shipbuilding Corporation" R. Trocenko said the intention of his organization and the Ministry of Defence in 2017 to resolve the issue of the new aircraft carriers. He also added that investigations have been ongoing for a new type of carrier. It is clear that now is wait for the details of the project should not be — they are unlikely to appear before the designated president of USC's deadline. We can only expect and try to guess what will be the new Russian aircraft carrier. Very hunt hope that our designers and decision-makers from the Ministry of Defence will accept into account the entire south american experience, to determine with their desires and abilities of the industry and, ultimately, will jointly develop such ship, which rightfully can be called a world-class aircraft carrier vsepolnotsennym.

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