The history of Russia is perhaps one of the most closed in Eurasia. I always do, that history of Russia begins recently that as if to us before there was no one or we need that, we would have captured and lead. Some sort cattle we appear in school textbooks.
I have long believed that Russia was great, and I want something to know more lyudee alternative view, backed by the following facts from an unknown author:
Recently noted the 1000th anniversary of Russia. When she appeared on the reality?
The first capital (only the capital of a big country!)
MediaWiki city, was founded in 2409 BC
(3099 year of the creation of the world), the source of information —
Serfs chronicle of the monastery on the river Mologa
Chronograph Academician MN Tikhomirov,
"Notes on Muscovite" S. Herberstein,
"Legend of Slovenia and Ruse"
has widespread circulation and recorded many ethnographers.
Argues that Russia has borrowed from the Scandinavians
not only princes and state, but also writing.
Professor Chudinov VA, Academician
("Sacred pagan temples of ancient Slavs."
"Runica archeology and mystery of Russia". "Mysteries of Slavic Literature.")
Slavic dokirillovskoe deciphered syllabary —
Runica and read far more than 2,000 titles.
Proved the existence of three types of writing their own
(Cyrillic and Glagolitic runica) of the Slavic peoples —
unprecedented in the history of the culture phenomenon
which shows the presence of
the Slavs highest spiritual culture in ancient times.
Found secret sacred inscriptions Slavic Runica
as the Greek medieval (VX centuries). icons, and the Greek (VI-II centuries BC.) vases.
We have also found signs of older ages up to the Paleolithic.
Their reading sheds light on the history of the Slavic mythology and culture for the past 30 000 years. By studying many religious objects, professor discovered evidence of the presence of Slavic culture in space
(On the coast of Portugal to the Trans-Ural Arkaim) and time
(From the Neolithic to the first half of the XVII century)
which led to a sensational conclusion:
Eurasian culture — the culture of the Slavs, and Eurasia — this is Russia.
It is believed that somewhere in the VIII century, wild stupid and good-for-nothing Slavs roaming herds of the forest, called to his Viking Rurik and said:
"Rule thou over us, the great European superman, and then we are idiots, we can not do anything." (Free account history textbook).
In fact: Rurik — grandson Gostomysla Novgorod prince, the son of his daughter was touched and one of the neighboring princes rank smaller.
Was designed together with his brothers, as all four Gostomysla son died or were killed in the wars.
Was adopted by agreement with the elders, and exceedingly to work hard to earn the respect in Russia.
Source: "Ioakimovskaya chronicle", "Russian History at Tatischev", "Brockhaus and Efron," etc.
Universally inculcated belief that almost the only civilization of the past was the Roman Empire, the pattern of law and morality.
The official history: the great beautiful and powerful Roman civilization fell under the blows of smelly bushy savages.
In fact ostochertevshie all geeks have been readjustment of the more decent neighbors. Golozadaya and barelegged, poorly armed Roman infantry (open textbook on the history of the ancient world, and marvel at the Legion) was worn by Men of steel tops and katafraktariev to horses' hooves.
The main source of information — "katafraktariev and their role in the history of war," AM Khazanov.
The most interesting — where they came from "mopped up" Rome Huns? Ob, Ugra, the Volga region, the Urals, the Sea of Azov. . .
Graves with partial arms katafraktariev found in Dagestan.
Four thousand sent down the drain, cheeky bury as uninteresting — and no dog is not even vyaknula.
The invasion of the Mongol-Tatars and three centuries of submission and humility. What marked this era in reality?
We will not deny to his laziness yoke, but: As soon as Russia became aware of the existence of the Golden Horde, there immediately went to the young guys to. . . plunder came from a wealthy China to Russia Mongols. Best described by the Russian raids XIV century. In 1360 Novgorod ushkuyniki fought were the Volga River to the mouth of the Kama, and then stormed the great Tatar city Zhukotin (Dzhuketau near the modern city Chistopol). Capturing the untold wealth, ushkuyniki went back and started to "guzzle homespun coats" in the city of Kostroma.
From 1360 to 1375 Russian made eight major campaigns in the Middle Volga, not counting the small raids. In 1374 a third of Novgorod took Bolgar (near Kazan), and then went down and took himself Shed — the capital of the Great Khan. In 1375 the guys at Smolensk seventy boats under the governor Smolyanina Prokop and moved down the Volga. By tradition, they inflicted "visit" in the city of Bolgar and Sarai. And the governor of Bulgaria, bitter experience by offering great tribute, but Khan's capital Saray was stormed and looted. In 1392, again took ushkuyniki Zhukotin and Kazan. In 1409 the governor led the Anfal 250 eyelet to the Volga and the Kama. Anyway, beat the Tatars in Russia is not considered a feat, and fishing. During the Tatar "yoke" Russian Tatars went to every 2-3 years, Sarai fired dozens of times, Tatar sold in Europe by the hundreds. What did they do in response to the Tatars? Written complaint! In Moscow, in Novgorod. Complaints remained. More than anything, "oppressors" could not do.
Source of information on the said campaign — you'll laugh, but this monograph Tatar historian Alfred Khasanovich Khalikov.
There is a plan for Dallas inciting ethnic hatred.
And no one paid attention as it is being implemented. Also at school. Good teachers diligently sow discord among the largest national groups — Russian and Tatars. The whole course of history is full of pearls of how Tatars attacked, as the Russian went on Tatars, etc.
But nowhere states that the Tatars are the symbiote, the people-partner.
Kazan took no Russian, and Russian-Tatar troops. Cover strelets cavalry detachments provided Shig-alley, or is it not a Tatar, the Pope?
Russian-Tatar troops took Kazan, eliminating the influence of Istanbul on the Volga River, and protecting civilians from the predatory raids freed thousands of slaves.
Tatar parts are always formed part of the Russian army, took part in all Russian war — and the intestine, and in the battle against a foreign enemy. We can say that the Tatars — it's just the Russian light cavalry. Or Russian — Tatar forged army. Tatars fought against Mamai at Kulikovo field with Moscow Ratiu, Tatars first attacked the enemy in the Swedish and the Livonian War in 1410 Grunwald joint Polish-Russian-Tatar army shattered the Crusaders broke the back of the Teutonic Order — and it Tatars took the first blow.
Russian four thousand years lived with the Tatars, side by side. Fought, friends, and relatives. Crushed the Romans, the Crusaders, the Ottomans, the Poles, the French, the Germans. . .
And now the children open a textbook, and it drips from every page: enemies, enemies, enemies:
In the XVI century, came to power Ivan the Terrible. During his reign in Russia:
— introduced trial by jury
— Free primary education (religious school)
— medical quarantine at borders
— local self-government rather than elected governor
— first appeared standing army (and the world's first military uniform — the musketeers)
— Tatar raids stopped
— establishes the equality of all members of the population (you know that at the time of serfdom in Russia did not exist at all? farmer was obliged to sit on the ground, you do not pay for her rent — and nothing more. And his children are considered to be free from the birth in any way! )
— prohibited slave labor (source: "Code of Law" Ivan the Terrible)
— State monopoly on the fur trade, introduced the Terrible, canceled all ten (10) years ago.
— territory of the country increased by 30 times!
— Emigration of people from Europe exceeded 30 000 families (those who dwelt along the defense line, paid lifting 5 rubles per family. ledger preserved)
— the welfare of the population (and paid taxes) during the reign amounted to several thousand (!) percent
— for the time of the reign there was not one who was executed without trial, the total number of "repression" was from three to four thousand.
(A times were dashing — think St. Bartholomew)
Now remember that you talked about Ivan the Terrible in the school? What it bloody tyrant and lost the Livonian War, and Rus shaking in terror?
Already in the XVI century Europe came out a lot of brochures for every brainless layman. It has been written that the Russian tsar — a drunkard and libertine, and all his subjects — such as wild freaks. And in the instructions to ambassadors noted that King teetotaler, unpleasant smart drunk not stand firmly, and even banned the drinking of alcohol in Moscow, with the result that "drunk" only in the country in the so-called "Infusion" (where poured). Source — the study of "Ivan the Terrible" Casimir Waliszewski, France.
Now Guess — which of the two versions of textbook?
Generally, false books based on the principle, all that is said about Russia abominable — it's true.
All that is said of good or intelligible — is a lie.
In 1569, Ivan came to Novgorod, which had about 40 000. There was raging epidemic and smelled rebellion.
According to the results stay the sovereign fully preserved in the synodic memorial lists 2,800 dead mark. But Jerome Horsey in "Notes on Russia" indicates that the guardsmen were cut in Novgorod 700 000 (seven hundred thousand) people.
Guess which of the two figures is historically accurate?
Russian wild cry and cry, and their ever stolen and drove into slavery dashing Crimean infidels. A Russian cry, and pay tribute.
Almost all historians poked a finger in the dullness, weakness and cowardice of Russian rulers, who were not able to cope even with plyugavenkim Crimea.
And somehow "forget" that any of the Crimean Khanate existed — was one of the provinces of the Ottoman Empire, in which stood the Turkish garrisons and sat Ottoman governor.
No one has any desire to accuse Fidel Castro that he can not take a tiny American base at the island?
In 1572, the Sultan decided to conquer the wild, as claimed by the European pamphlets, Muscovy.
From the Crimea to the north moved 120,000 troops, supported by 20,000 Janissaries, and 200 guns.
Near the village of Molodi Ottomans faced 50000th squad governor Mihailo Vorotynsky.
And the Turkish army was: No, not stopped — cut out completely!
Information about the battle at a young can generally be classified as closed.
God forbid, Russian rednecks know that acts of ancestors in the Middle Ages, it too can be proud of!
He will develop the wrong identity, love for the Motherland, its conduct. And it is wrong.
So, to find data about the battle at a young hard, but you can — in specialized directories.
For example, in the "Encyclopedia of arms," Kim wrote three lines.
Did you know that Russia is arming the whole of Europe advanced weaponry?
Annually Russian monasteries and cast house there sold hundreds of guns and thousands of muskets, edged weapons.
Quote from "The Encyclopedia of arms," the producers guns in XVI-XVII centuries were not only sovereign Pushkarskaya yards, but the monasteries.
For example, a fairly large-scale production was carried guns and the Solovetsky Monastery in Kirillov-Belozersky Monastery.
Possession of guns and very successfully used Don and Cossacks. The first mention of the use of guns Zaporozhye Cossacks refers to 1516.
In the XIX-XX centuries in Russia and abroad, it was felt that dopetrovskaya artillery was technically backward. But here are the facts: in 1646 Tula-Kamensky Holland plant delivered more than 600 guns, and in 1647, 360 caliber shells 4.6 and 8 pounds.
In 1675 Tula-Kamensky plants shipped abroad 116 iron cannons, 43,892 kernels, 2934 grenade, 2356 musket barrels, 2700 swords and 9687 pounds of iron. "
Here you have a wild backward Russia, about which repeat at school. From time to time there Russophobe, who claim that all the above can not be written, because even highly advanced and developed, Britain and France have learned to cast iron only in the XIX century. Visit the Artillery Museum in St. Petersburg, in front of the fortress. One of the cast-iron cannon, cast in 1600, there brazenly lies on the stand for all to see
Russia throughout his record and all the parameters overtook Europe for about two centuries.